History does not stop, and certainly the political destiny of Gibraltar, internally and externally, was, in May 1969, still to be determined. Accordingly, subsequent political developments are reviewed as an introduction to this final chapter. The new constitution was certainly an important step, confirming and extending Gibraltar's democratic character. This chapter examines how the past – and remembrance of the past, which is not the same thing – and conditions in the present have created among the civilian population a sense of themselves as a distinctive community, different from Spain and Britain. Usually, such considerations are debated in relation to the national identity of a nation-state, which in the case of a place and a people not internationally recognised as a nation generates other interesting issues. After considering politics, Britishness and national identity, the chapter looks at Gibraltar's economy and consumption, ethnicity and culture, and the link between history and identity.