Corruption and anti-corruption
in Romania and the European Union
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This chapter reports the degree to which European Union (EU)-sponsored anti-corruption efforts made any difference to the scale of the chronic problem that dominated public life in Romania from 1989 until after it joined the EU. The EU was acutely concerned to discover the extent of corruption in Romania and the determination of figures high up in the political system to allow it to remain unimpeded. Anti-corruption rhetoric was merely a device to scare off or punish rivals. The anti-corruption legislation obliged public officials to fill out income and asset declarations in the belief that ‘the most serious forms of corruption in Romania are associated with organized crime’. The EU failed to acquire its own methodology for benchmarking corruption, which would have made it easier to commit recalcitrant governments to specific undertakings.

Romania and the European Union

How the weak vanquished the strong

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