Party ideology
in The extreme right in Western Europe
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This chapter describes the concept of right-wing extremism. It addresses the existing studies that have sought to show the diversity that exists among the West European parties of the extreme right. It then develops an alternative typology of right-wing extremist parties. Right-wing extremism is defined by two anti-constitutional and anti-democratic elements. Right-wing extremist parties can be divided into three categories according to their attitudes on race. The contemporary right-wing extremist parties of Western Europe can also be categorized into three groups according to the kind of attitudes they have towards democracy, parliamentarism and pluralism. The types of right-wing extremist party include neo-Nazi parties, neo-fascist parties, authoritarian xenophobic parties, neo-liberal xenophobic parties, and neo-liberal populist parties. It is suggested that the type of ideology to which the different parties of the extreme right adhere is quite likely to help account for their levels of electoral success.


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