Maintaining Scots identity
in The Scots in South Africa
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This chapter examines the various ways in which Scots declared their identity in the second half of the nineteenth and early years of the twentieth centuries. Caledonian Societies emerged throughout southern Africa. The totemic days of the Scottish calendar were widely celebrated. Highland games were instituted as major sporting and cultural events, matching their counterparts in the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

The Scots in South Africa

Ethnicity, identity, gender and race, 1772–1914


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