Waking up to the persecution of the Jews
in Church, nation and race
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This chapter discusses the initiatives taken by the episcopate in preparing public protests against the anticlericalism of the regime and eventually the persecution of the Jews, as well as the practical aid offered to ‘non-Aryan’ Christians by Catholic organisations. The defence against völkisch anti-Catholicism shows how an essentially theological discourse continued to harbour antisemitism. The war against Germany made it quite clear where Cardinal Arthur Hinsley's loyalties stood. Hinsley and other bishops often turned down Jewish requests for Catholic support with the explanation that the Jews had not stood up for Catholics whenever they had been persecuted. In Hinsley's eyes, the oppression of the Catholic Church and its priests in Mexico, Russia and Germany overshadowed the persecution of the Jews. The Catholic Church in England had opened itself to first ecumenical projects with other Christian groups and the Jewish community.

Church, nation and race

Catholics and antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918–1945

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