Shared enemies, shared friends
The relational character of subcultural ideology in the case ofCzech punks and skinheads
in Fight back
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This chapter explores the processes through which subcultures are formed and reformed as social groupings with a distinct system of values, norms, behavioural patterns and lifestyle. The punk and skinhead subcultures of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic served to demonstrate that subcultures are not rigid or fixed social formations, but are greatly determined by their historical and cultural context. The form that punk and skinhead culture took in Czechoslovakia was shaped by the repressive character of the prevailing political establishment. Punks and skinheads were associated with each other before 1989 via a simplified subcultural ideology based on resistance to a dominant society represented by the communist regime and an ignorance of their respective subcultural origins. The chapter focuses on subcultural ideology as an analytical category negotiated through and against the norms and values of the dominant society.

Fight back

Punk, politics and resistance


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