While Spenser is firmly rooted in the virtue ethics premise that the telos of moral life is action oriented towards the production of flourishing, Chapter 5 offers an account of the often radically un-Aristotelian shape this vision of flourishing assumes in Spenser’s ethics. This chapter considers the disciplinary agendas of Spenser’s ethical imagination as a projection of the Garden of Adonis’s metaphysical concerns into the realm of political agency. Through readings of Neostoic thought in the ‘Mutability Cantos’, of Guyon’s destruction of the Bower of Bliss, and of the image of the colonial market town near the close of Spenser’s prose dialogue, A View of the Present State of Ireland, it examines the relationship of this central marker of Spenserian political virtue to broader questions of moral subjectivity, of virtuous action, and of the possibility of a flourishing life in the mutable world. Spenser’s program of ‘vertuous and gentle discipline’ describes how structures of normative behavior and personal comportment are ultimately concerned with marshalling the mutable body, its needs, and its desires towards generating a social order within a disordered, and potentially disordering, world.
This chapter examines Deirdre Madden’s One by One in the Darkness (1996), arguing that two central features of her novel are its depiction of class and its narrative emphasis on the multiple effects that ripple outward from any given event. By exploring a variety of class experiences within the Quinn family, One by One shifts away from the language of ‘the two communities’, reaching instead towards a more nuanced multiplicity. The novel also depicts that multiplicity by emphasising the many ripples that single events leave behind, often withholding a key happening in favour of the bruised silences that follow in its wake. One by One in the Darkness thus reflects a larger pattern in Madden’s work: rather than just books in which things happen, hers are often books in which things have happened. This gives her fiction the quality less of revelation than of meditation, and helps One by One avoid the most clichéd modes of representing the Troubles. As comparisons to some of Madden’s contemporaries suggest, this quality has a significant resonance in the context of Northern Irish fiction.
Spenser’s ethics are organized among concerns that would become pivotal to the transforming discipline of moral philosophy in early modernity: making the status of humanity itself a central speculative problem of moral inquiry, and centering social obligations as both the normative guide to, and ultimate telos of, virtuous agency. Spenser is thus important to the history of moral philosophy because he also illuminates the ways these questions find a crucial aspect of their historical origin in early modern England’s political emergence as a colonial empire, helping to shape central representational and critical problems of British intellectual culture well into the modern era: the challenge of understanding colonialism, and the coercive violence on which it depends, as a moral activity. Reading Spenser as a moral theorist, and one whose moral theory is significantly shaped by his experiences in Elizabethan Ireland, thus illuminates at a crucial moment of historical inception that philosophical tradition’s pivotal turn as it evolved alongside early modern England’s wider political and economic transformation into a global nation-state built on the foundations of colonial expansion.
This study provides the first extensive examination of Strummer’s politics and their influence, using a socialist realist framework. Strummer’s political significance stems from using music as a means to communicate radical ideals, which was shown in this study to have had significant influence. On this basis, it can be reasonably ventured he has been the most influential left-wing political musician in Western culture since the mid-1970s because his influence has breadth and depth in developing oppositional, including socialist, consciousness. This conclusion draws together the different threads of the previous chapters. What is noteworthy about this influence is that it has often been premised upon Strummer being perceived as more left wing than he actually was, highlighting that subjective judgements by followers were as important as what Strummer said and did.
This chapter deals with some of the registers of colonial amnesia that compose the Parisian landscapes. In response to the politics of selective memory, or what I propose to call the ‘world heritage regime’, I map a transcontinental approach to urban planning. My analysis links Frantz Fanon’s and Françoise Vergès’ decolonial and feminist critiques of the racialisation of the city with Reinhart Koselleck’s critique of war memorials, which suggests that no national memory can be neutral. Thereby, I seek to recontextualise the category of heritage in its colonial/modern history and to resituate the places of global significance (heritage sites) within a transcontinental cartography. For this aim, I engage in a reconstruction of the history of Paris through its entanglements with the colonies first during the world exposition of 1889, and secondly in the planning of the banlieues and the cities of Algiers and Rabat. In the conclusion, Paris’s urban history is intertwined with French colonial history to situate the banlieues as a monument of (post)colonial legacy and decolonial memory. This reconstruction of the history of the city through its historical and geographic margins contribute to the countermapping of the systematic exclusion of racial violence from national and global history, which I identify as a decisive analytical tool for decolonial thought and, more specifically, for a critical decolonial critique of urban planning.
In what other registries and imaginaries might we locate cities along the northern Mediterranean shores that are now thought of as European? This chapter looks at Barcelona and Salonika as Europeanised but not necessarily European cities. In examining their historically diverse urban centres, contact points of migration patterns and more recently sites of migrant settlement, we try to provide insight into different approaches to migrant claims to and contestations of both the cityscapes and their embedded memories. Eurocentric readings and makings of these cities have flattened out or erased their not-so-European urban and social fabric. Situated in decolonial de-linking and divesting from the ways in which these cities are moulded and modelled in Eurocentric epistemologies and imaginaries, this chapter looks at migrant and queer of colour politics and historicity that circumvent the pressure and strengthening of ethnic, racial, national, and post-national European mythologies by identifying with the city and its neighbourhoods while producing multicentred and intersectional narratives and spaces of belonging, becoming that de-Europeanise urban space.
Unmasking coloniality/modernity and ‘imperial difference’ in post (real)socialist urban sites of remembrance
Miriam Friz Trzeciak and Manuel Peters
This chapter reflects on strategies for decolonising the post(real)socialist city in the present and future. Inspired by the demands of postcolonial and decolonial urban initiatives, we trace three sites of remembrance in Cottbus, Germany. Highlighting the complex ways of how (real)socialist modernity was involved in the reproduction of the ‘coloniality of power’, we uncover different processes of social hierarchisation and classification that have shaped the urban context. At the same time, we reflect on the critical potential that (real)socialism offered against colonial orders and relations. We conceptualise the different facets of modernity/coloniality in the urban post(real)socialist space as urban ‘imperial difference’. Uncovering urban sites of remembrance that reflect the colonial legacy of (real)socialism in their meaning for the transformed society of Germany today, however, means making explicit the profound processes of racial hierarchisation and exclusion in the city.
This chapter considers way that wartime consciousness is reproduced at the Kent coast by focusing on the coastal headland between Dover and Folkestone, atop the white cliffs. It reveals a landscape of contemporary monuments to wartime heroism as well as the remnants of defensive infrastructures whose meaning and symbolism is more obscure. These include World War II sound mirrors designed to provide early warning of aerial threat, as well as the bunkers and tunnels that formed the command centre for the evacuation of Dunkirk. Arguing that these landscapes work, in different ways, to encourage the active remembrance of Britain’s ‘finest hour’ among local populations, the chapter reflects on the near-coercive commemoration of military endeavour that has been significant in the reassertion of ‘island thinking’ in Brexit Britain.
Deirdre Madden: New critical perspectives is a landmark study of this important and highly regarded Irish novelist. It underscores the range, imaginative complexity, and enduring relevance of Madden’s fictions. The chapters collected in this volume explore her crucial Troubles and post-Troubles fictions – Hidden Symptoms, One by One in the Darkness, Molly Fox’s Birthday, and Time Present and Time Past – and draw out their interconnected portrayals of violence, grief, time, trauma, and memory. Madden’s dexterous use of the novel form is highlighted, especially her bending of the conventions of realism to encompass searching philosophical and existential themes. Revealingly, she is shown to be a foremost practitioner of the artist novel or Künstlerroman. Through the figures of the writer, the painter, the photographer, and the actor, she examines the ability of art to remake and distil reality and to shed indirect light on emotional cruxes that cannot otherwise be fathomed. These chapters provide an overview of all of Madden’s work, including her children’s novels, and uncover its inquiring and multidimensional qualities. Her overarching themes are drawn out, amongst them the familial, states of dislocation, resonant objects, the haunting aftermath of the past, the transnational, and the regenerative function of art. Making use of a wide variety of approaches, these chapters persuasively elucidate the compelling subtleties of Madden’s fiction. Readers are invited to discover the work of this accomplished Irish writer who across all her novels engages thought-provokingly with contemporary life, politics, and art.
In the oral history interviews and discussions, which are the source material for this book, people expressed a strong desire for community and inclusivity among queer people, and between LGBTQ people and others, especially in their local areas. This Epilogue discusses the idea of ‘conviviality’, the everyday pleasure in social mixing enjoyed by people both within their own networks and with other people who are different. It revisits some of the contexts between the 1960s and the present in which lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans people met, partied and made alliances with each other and with people who didn’t identify as L, G, B or T, and across class, gender and racial differences. At times, political differences have caused splits along gender and other fault lines – fault lines which local contexts have both entrenched and bridged