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Bringing it all back home
Matt Qvortrup

The chapter sums up the main findings of the book.

in Democracy on demand
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Holding power to account
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Voters can be sophisticated. In 2018, a majority of the voters in Florida voted for a conservative governor, but they also voted to give prisoners the right to vote, something the Republican Governor had opposed. The voters showed that they were able to distinguish measures from men. Politics is not just about tribal partisanship. Voters demand more choice. And they are able to exercise their judgement. Florida is not unique. This is a global trend. A large majority of voters all over the world – according to opinion polls – want more referendums. But are they capable of making decisions on complex issues? And aren’t such votes an invitation to ill-considered populism? This book answers these questions and shows what the effect of referendums have on public policy, on welfare and well-being, and outlines how some of the criticisms of referendums and initiatives can be remedied.

Matt Qvortrup

The chapter provides a tour d’horizon of the intellectual history and practice of direct democracy, as developed by philosophers and practitioners

in Democracy on demand
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The spectre of direct democracy
Matt Qvortrup
in Democracy on demand
An American case study
Matt Qvortrup

Using the US states with provisions for the recall as the main example, the chapter surveys the history and practice of the recall. It shows that the right to revoke elected politicians’ mandates can be an effective way of holding politicians to account. The right of recall does not lead to chaos but improves representative government.

in Democracy on demand
Matt Qvortrup

Using a comparative case study approach, the chapter uses the case of Ireland to show how citizens’ juries can effectively be used to improve the conduct of referendums.

in Democracy on demand
Matt Qvortrup

Using a comparative case study of Catalonia , the chapter outlines the history of Independence Referendums, and uses the case of referendums in Spain to show how not to conduct a referendums.

in Democracy on demand
Campaign spending
Matt Qvortrup

The chapter surveys the regulation of referendums. It shows how countries have sought to limit campaign spending and have given subsidies to campaigns to ensure a level playing field. In a path-breaking session, the chapter shows how it is possible to limit and regulate the influence of targeted online abuse of the process of direct democracy.

in Democracy on demand
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Prophet of Pan-African Integration
Afeikhena Jerome

This chapter analyses the Pan-African career of Nigerian scholar-technocrat, Adebayo Adedeji, who headed the UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) between 1975 and 1991. The author also assesses his efforts at promoting economic development and regional integration across Africa, as well as his intellectual contributions to these two fields.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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African Identity and the African Condition
Sabelo J. Ndlovu-Gatsheni

This chapter assesses the thinking of Kenyan political scientist, Ali Mazrui, focusing particularly on his idea of “The Triple Heritage” (Africa’s indigenous, Western, and Islamic legacies) and the post-colonial “African Condition” in a perpetual quest for a self-generated development and security paradigm.

in The Pan-African Pantheon