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Pan-African Revolutionary
Maureen Isaacson

This chapter examines the Pan-Africanism of South African scholar-activist, Ruth First, through her intellectual work on Namibia and an analysis of military coups d’état in Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, and Ghana, as well as her activism in Mozambique.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Philosopher of Black Consciousness
N. Barney Pityana

This chapter examines the philosophy of Black Consciousness as advocated by Steve Biko in order to increase the consciousness and self-confidence of South Africa’s black masses to liberate themselves.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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The Making of a “Post-Colonial” Sociologist
Zine Magubane

This chapter analyses Jamaican sociologist and cultural theorist, Stuart Hall, who was one of the pioneers of the “Birmingham School of Cultural Studies”. She assesses how Hall incorporated issues of race, gender, and hegemony into cultural studies, and how culture, race, and ethnicity contributed to creating the politics of Black Diasporic identities.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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The Pan-African Philosopher-King
Adekeye Adebajo

This chapter examines the Pan-Africanism of former South African president Thabo Mbeki, comparing him to Kwame Nkrumah, before examining his efforts at building institutions of the African Union and engaging the African Diaspora in America, the Caribbean, and Brazil.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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The Philosopher-Poet
Kwabena Opoku-Agyemang and Cheikh Thiam

This chapter examines the philosophy of Congolese intellectual, V.Y. Mudimbe, through a close textual reading of his preface to his 1971 collection of poems, Déchirures.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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“The Father of Pan-Africanism”?
Aldon D. Morris

This chapter examines the African-American intellectual’s contributions to the movement, especially between 1919 and 1945 when he played a leading role in the five Pan-African Congresses in Paris, London, New York, and Manchester, before moving to Kwame Nkrumah’s Ghana to spend the last years of his life.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Pan-African Martyr
Annita Montoute

This chapter examines the Pan-African contributions of Guyanese scholar-activist Walter Rodney, a pioneering member of the Dar es Salaam School of Political Economy, who in his famous 1972 treatise How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, traced the roots of African underdevelopment to European colonialism.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Pan-African Peacebuilder
Janice Golding

This chapter assesses the environmental and human rights activism of Kenyan Nobel peace laureate, Wangari Maathai, focusing especially on her Green Belt Movement.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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Ogun’s Bard
Sanya Osha

This chapter examines the work and activism of Nigerian Nobel literature laureate, Wole Soyinka. Osha views the Nobel laureate as an innovator and Bard of the Yoruba god of creativity, Ogun.

in The Pan-African Pantheon
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transitions and challenges
Stanley R. Sloan

This chapter opens by examining the dramatic end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and then the Soviet Union and reunification of Germany. It studies the challenges posed by the Balkan conflicts and how those struggles affected relations among the allies. It looks at the questions facing the allies concerning the future of the alliance in a new European security environment and then examines in detail the process of NATO enlargement begun when former Warsaw Pact allies of the Soviet Union pleaded to join the West through accession to NATO and the European Union. It assesses how this dynamic affected the West’s relations with Russia and its attempts to maintain cooperation with Moscow even while accepting countries with which the Russians had only a few years before shared either membership in the Warsaw Pact or status as Soviet Republics. The chapter also traces developments in relations between NATO and the European Union, which had been formed out of the European Communities in the 1992 Treaty of Maastricht.

in Defense of the West (second edition)