Pan-African Philosopher of Democracy and Development
L. Adele Jinadu
This chapter examines the philosophy of Martinique’s Frantz Fanon as a political theorist of democracy and a political sociologist of development, as well as his Marxist ideas on revolutionary change in Africa (based on his direct experiences in civil war Algeria), and his critique of the first generation of post-independence African leaders.
This chapter examines the career and contributions of Trinidadian thinker, George Padmore, to the Pan-African movement, and his activism in the Communist International. Duggan assesses Padmore’s enormous intellectual and organisational contributions to Pan-Africanism.
Global Africa, Reparations, and the End of Pan-Africanism
This chapter argues that African delegates at the United Nations (UN) World Conference on Racism in 2001 betrayed the African and Caribbean cause for reparations for slavery and colonialism, and calls for a reorientation of the relationship of Africa with its Diaspora.
This chapter interrogates the ideas of Ghanaian-British philosopher, Kwame Anthony Appiah, about Pan-Africanism, including critiquing what Appiah regarded as the racist essentialism of early Pan-Africanists such as Alexander Crummell.
This chapter analyses the Pan-Africanism of Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah within the controversial 1966 debate by Kenyan scholar, Ali Mazrui, that Nkrumah will be remembered more as a great Pan-African than a great Ghanaian.
This chapter assesses Martinique’s Aimé Césaire and Senegal’s Léopold Senghor development of the idea of négritude which glorified black culture, looking back nostalgically at a rich African past, and affirming the worth and dignity of black people across the globe.
This chapter traces Garvey’s struggles to lead a “Back to Africa” Movement through the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association and African Communities Imperial League (UNIA), as well as his activism in the US and Caribbean.
This chapter assesses the work of another pioneering woman feminist, Senegal’s Mariama Bâ, through her two major novels which call for the development of a liberated, egalitarian, and progressive African society, free of patriarchy.