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Chris Beasley and Heather Brook

In this chapter we flesh out the political significance of one of the three categories of ‘fear films’: the monster category. The chapter focuses on zombies – that is, monsters who highlight fear films’ characteristic blurring of safety and danger, the familiar and unfamiliar. Because zombies give expression to uncertainties about the stability and worth of the social order, they provide an apposite instance for considering the cultural politics of (in)security and fear.

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Fear and loving in the west of Ireland

The blows of County Clare

Jeremy MacClancy

MacClancy, who worked in the West of Ireland, found that the majority of incomers there were patently alternative types fleeing the urban cultures of their upbringing. But there are important distinctions within that general group: the hippies who came over in the early 1970s; the much more politicized crusties who arrived a decade later; the latest wave, which started in 1990s, of less radicalized urbanite escapees who strive to combine the value of living rurally with the benefits of information technology.

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Farms, flats, and villas

Senses of country living in a Basque-speaking village

Kepa Fernández De Larrinoa

Fernández de Larrinoa, a Basque anthropologist who now lives in the village he has studied since the 1970s, provides an exquisitely fine-grained ethnographic account of its socioeconomic evolution over the last 40 years. He demonstrates how multifaceted and unpredictable these developments can be. This is framed by a subtle analysis of the ways in which locals and incomers categorize and interact with one another.

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Norbert Steinhaus

In Romania, most environmental problems, including deterioration of water source quality, have their origin in intensive industrialization and development of agriculture. The science shop used the report to promote science shop activities as an example of student participation, and also to raise public awareness about the quality of drinking water in Iasi. Iasi underwent a rapid industrialization and population growth. Prior to the beginning of this project, no correlations had been made between the quality of water sources, the water treatment at the Water Works Company and the opinions and expectations of the residents. As the project was conducted through a Romanian science shop, all costs were supported from the MATRA Social Transformation Programme of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which provided seed funding to the science shops.

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Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussière

This chapter seeks to define partnership research. It focuses on evaluation of the partnership research process, an undertaking distinguished from analysis of the larger process in which partnership research takes place. Finally, a partnership research evaluation model, based on the partnership research model developed by the Alliance de recherche universites-communautes en economie sociale (ARUC-ES) and the Reseau quebecois de recherche partenariale en economie sociale (RQRP-ES), was proposed. Partnership research is defined by three essential steps or phases: the co-definition of research goals; the co-implementation of the research project; and the mobilization of the resulting knowledge. Primarily, the partnership research evaluation model is targeted at the participants in partnership research, to give them tools with which to reflect on their partnership research experience and identify areas for improvement.

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European borderscapes

The management of migration between care and control

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Pierluigi Musarò

The representation strategies and discursive practices enacted by a wide range of state and non-state actors present the Mediterranean Sea as the setting of a perpetual emergency. European and national political agencies, military authorities, humanitarian organisations and activists have been representing migrants crossing borders as a significant problem to be managed in terms of a wider social, cultural and political ‘crisis’. This chapter focuses on the ambiguities and contradictions that bedevil discourses and practices around control and care of human mobility in the Mediterranean. It addresses the role of ‘crisis’ narratives and the hyper-visibility of the ‘military-humanitarian spectacle of the border’ in obscuring the political stakes surrounding European borders.

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Ethnic identity, power, compromise, and territory

‘Locals’ and ‘Moroccans’ in the Sainte-Foy-Bordeaux vineyards

Chantal Crenn

Based on fieldwork among North African workers in the Bordeaux wine growing area of rural France, Crenn documents the relationship between locals and long established transnational groups. The size, generational differences and perception by locals, of these North African workers has changed over time, with new expectations. Despite integration in industry and social life over several decades, this group remain marginal. Crenn demonstrates that established long-term labour migrants are best viewed as transnationals, who creatively and selectively interpret their everyday practice to justify both their visions of themselves as North Africans and as active participants in French life. By creating their own food network, for instance, they can see themselves as comparable to, while different from, their French neighbours.

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Epilogue

Personal Shakespeare

Steve Sohmer

This chapter summarizes the thesis of the book: that William Shakespeare was a far more personal writer than scholars have recognized.

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Paul Collinson

Collinson did fieldwork in Donegal, northwest Ireland, on relations between indigenes and incomers. He found that incomers, acting in groups in liaison with some locals, tended to be more prepared to seek EU rural-stimulation grants and so acted as motors of rural change. These groups had a different vision of the environment to that held by community development groups, staffed wholly by denizens, and by local councils. He is thus able to argue that the historical neglect of environmental concerns in the overall development agenda in Ireland is socially grounded at local levels, with all the consequences that entails.

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Joy Molina Mirasol, Felix S. Mirasol, Estela C. Itaas Jr. and Benjamin Maputi

The forest land in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines, is continuously declining in terms of its economic and environmental capacity. Acosta called on the government and challenged the academy and other agencies to be more aggressive about measuring the efficacy of government programmes and policies on a range of environmental concerns. Collaborative efforts among the academy, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and local government units (LGUs) have to be pursued to achieve good environmental management in local governance, economic growth and to prevent further damage to environment and natural resources. Bukidnon State University (BSU) Institute of Environmental Governance (IEG) was established to carry out programmes aimed at providing the needed capacity for local executives and local policymakers to better perform their mandate as provided under the Local Government Code.