Giuliana Chamedes identifies two distinct visions that characterized the ideological construct of the ‘Atlantic order’ for the post-war world: a liberal-democratic American and British narrative that helped the United States strengthen its political and economic ties with Europe so as to protect a shared democratic worldview; and another vision, advanced by the Holy See, a handful of European Christian Democratic leaders, and certain key American Catholic opinion-makers, which did not have ‘democracy’ as its endgame. Rather, it proposed to build a peaceful transnational post-war order through the reconstitution of the ‘Christian West’, an early-modern concept of the ‘Old and the New World’ which was defined as an imagined community built on a shared commitment to Christian principles. This move enabled them to embrace the ‘Atlantic Community’, all the while remaining wedded to a conservative, anti-liberal, and anti-communist worldview.
The TransAtlantic reconsidered brings together established experts from Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies – two fields that are closely connected in their historical and disciplinary development as well as with regard to the geographical area of their interest. Questions of methodology and boundaries of periodization tend to separate these research fields. However, in order to understand the Atlantic World and transatlantic relations today, Atlantic History and Transatlantic Studies should be considered together. The scholars represented in this volume have helped to shape, re-shape, and challenge the narrative(s) of the Atlantic World and can thus (re-)evaluate its conceptual basis in view of historiographical developments and contemporary challenges. This volume thus documents and reflects on the changes within Transatlantic Studies during the last decades. New perspectives on research reconceptualize how we think about the Atlantic World. At a time when many political observers perceive a crisis in transatlantic relations, critical evaluation of past narratives and frameworks will provide an academic foundation to move forward.
In his chapter Giles Scott-Smith analyses the Transnational Transatlantic from a Foucauldian perspective. He posits the ‘overflow of the state’s role into new spaces of politics’ as a key development in this period: the Cold War Atlantic Community was much more than a structure described by the rationalist theory of political scientists, he argues. With the Anglo-American bond at its core, it was indeed a transnational public sphere that spanned the Atlantic. Scott-Smith suggests a combination of the history of mentalities and (new) governmentality.
This chapter examines the relationship between Canberra and Tokyo from a
distinctly Australian perspective by disaggregating the Australia-Japan
bilateral relations from the simplistic ‘allies of the US’ context
(‘quasi-alliance’) to demonstrate how the two countries have developed a
hugely strengthened bilateral security relationship to a significant degree
independent of the US context. It argues, that this so-called ‘strategic
partnership’ is a new form of security alignment that does not neatly fit
traditional alliance paradigms, before analysing the wider contexts within
which the bilateral strategic partnership exists.
This chapter analyses Japan’s Southeast Asian security partnerships from a
Southeast Asian perspective. Japan’s re-entering East Asia with a
combination of increasing trading ties and economic development (ODA)
initiatives in the 1970s and 1980s, slowly furthered economic growth and
prosperity in many East-Asian countries as well as Japan - a mutually
beneficial relationship that largely remained un-securitized. Beginning with
the second Abe administration in 2012, Japan began to include security
components in a number of bilateral relations with countries in the region.
This chapter divides countries in Southeast Asian countries by their level
of economic dependence on China and their threat perception vis-à-vis China,
which is the core factor in explaining the rationale for why and how they
engage with Japan, and shapes Southeast perspectives of Japanese-Southeast
Asian security partnerships.
This chapter analyses a practical case of EU-Japan out-of-area security
cooperation, and the first example of operational security cooperation
between the EU and Japan, namely the counter-piracy mission off the coast of
Somalia. This chapter introduces the main reasons and different stages of
involvement of the Japanese government, the MSDF and JCG in the Somalia
counter-piracy mission. It then analyses the extent to which this mission
provided opportunities for closer EU-Japan security cooperation, and what
significance this case has for future EU-Japan security cooperation more
broadly. It argues that this mission provided an ideal opportunity for
Japanese government representatives and SDF personnel to learn the
complexities of multilateral security coordination, and operational
cooperation between European and Japanese forces, while simultaneously
producing a deepening of trust and understanding.
This chapter analyses the recent intensification of EU-Japan security
relations from a European perspective. While recognizing shortcomings,
including the expectations gap between the EU and Japan that has frequently
been problematized, this chapter emphasizes the significance of the recent
changes in Japanese security policy, such as the 2013 National Security
Strategy, as evidence that Japan does consider the EU and NATO to be
important security partners. The chapter analyses the domestic debate and
government initiatives, as well as Japan’s expectations for the EU-Japan
Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA), and the enablers and inhibitors of
closer security ties. This chapter argues that while Japan Europe security
cooperation has so far excluded hard security, the changing international
security environment and a narrowing perceptions gap should allow deeper
cooperation in non-traditional security fields, because Japan would benefit
from the European experience of forging consensus in shaping international
rules and norms.
This chapter analyses the recent intensification of India-Japan security ties
from an Indian perspective. It argues, that given India’s long held position
as the leader of the non-alignment movement, the turnaround of India-Japan
security relations has been quite remarkable. The relationship now ranges
from the sale of amphibious aircraft and civilian nuclear cooperation to
Japan becoming a permanent member in the Malabar naval exercise. The chapter
identifies the shared core strategic interests as the area of energy
security, the security of Sea-Lanes of Communication (SLOCs) in the Indian
Ocean region and addressing the power disequilibrium in Asia. She argues,
that India’s growing economic power has made India an increasingly important
regional and global player, and building security partnerships with major
powers in the region and throughout the world are a major tool for realizing
the country’s potential on regional and global stages. Since 2000, Japan has
become one of India’s most trusted partners in the region and an essential
part of India’s so-called “Look East” and “Act East” foreign policy
doctrine, and the chapter analyses India’s incentives to further deepen its
security ties with Japan.