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War

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

These chapters trace Kitty Marion’s life after the end of militant suffrage activity, her treatment by the government under the Defence of the Realm Act, and subsequent decision to travel to the United States.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

In the final chapter of the autobiography, Kitty Marion records her period working with Annie E. Gray and the Women’s Peace Society.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

Chapters 35 to 56 cover Kitty Marion’s period as a suffragette within the Pankhursts’ Women’s Social and Political Union, which she joined in 1908, her militancy, including arson attacks, imprisonment in Holloway Prison and other prisons, hunger striking and force feeding.

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Kitty Marion

Actor and activist

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

The autobiography of Kitty Marion was written in the early 1930s but never published. It records Marion’s childhood in Germany, her life in British provincial theatre and music hall and her campaigns against the ‘casting couch’, a career as a militant suffragist or suffragette during which she committed numerous acts of arson, was imprisoned and suffered force feeding, and finally her move to America and involvement in the American birth control movement. The Epilogue details her life in New York after the end of the autobiography, including her work in the Federal Theatre Project, while the three appendices reproduce extracts from key archive documents which throw additional light on the autobiography. An Introduction outlines the problems Marion incurred trying to publish her story, its subsequent history and addresses some of the issues that her story raises about women’s history of activism.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

This chapter covers Kitty Marion’s reception in New York by the American women’s suffrage movement and her struggles to find employment in theatre and film.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

Chapters 1 to 7 cover Katherine Marie Schafer’s (Kitty Marion’s) childhood in Germany, from her birth in 1871 until her departure for England in 1886. Her account includes the deaths of both her mother and her step-mother, and life with her at times violent engineer father,.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

Chapters 8 to 34 cover Kitty Marion’s life in Britain with her aunt and family in an eastern suburb of London, her decision to go on the stage and experience of provincial theatre across the United Kingdom. She began in pantomime and musical comedy, moving into music hall in the early 1900s. She writes about life as a touring performer and frequently about the experiences of the sexual pressure and abuse which women in theatre encountered, and her campaigns with the Actresses Franchise League to force the government to address the issue.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

These chapters cover Kitty Marion’s involvement with Margaret Sanger and the American birth control movement, her work selling the Birth Control Review (BCR) on Broadway, and several imprisonments. Marion also visited England on three occasions during this time, the last for the unveiling of Mrs Pankhurst’s statue in London. She became an American citizen in 1922. In 1930 her work with the BCR was terminated. Marion struggled to find a living and decided to write her life-story.

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Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

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Lynn Anthony Higgins

All of Bertrand Tavernier's characters move in explicitly delimited historical contexts. This chapter focuses on his use and philosophy of history, his historiography. Tavernier's historical fictions reconcile lyrical character portraits with the crusading spirit that is equally close to his heart. The chapter first discusses his Daddy nostalgie, and shows that through the lens of melodrama, his nostalgia comes into focus not only as an emotion but also as a historical dimension and a gateway to social engagement. It portrays the restoration of authority and social stability in La Fille de d'Artagnan and its meltdown in La Passion Beatrice. Further, it examines the five remaining historical melodramas in light of their more subtle critiques of patriarchal masculinity: Que la fête commence, Le Juge et l'assassin, Coup de torchon, La Vie et rien d'autre, and Capitaine Conan.