Open Access (free)
Embodiment, history and archaeology in industrialising England, 1700–1850

The Material Body exploits the possibilities of studying the material body in the past primarily through the sources and approaches of archaeology, history and material culture studies. Together, these seven chapters draw upon collections of human remains, material culture and documentary evidence from Britain during the period 1700–1850; major themes are gender, class, age, disability and maternity. Some contributions are co-authored by a historian and archaeologist; others are single authored. But each chapter explores the lived experiences of the material body drawing on disciplines which share an interest in the material or embodied turn. The volume demonstrates new interdisciplinary ways of looking at experiences of the body. It brings together archaeological and historical data to reconstruct embodied experiences and represents the first collection of genuinely collaborative scholarship by historians and archaeologists.

Terror and disenchantment in Norway

The lone wolf terrorist attack on Oslo and Utøya on 22 July 2011 shook the Norwegian security establishment to its core. But it also disrupted the cultural, social and spiritual self-understanding of ‘the safest country in the world’. All societies find their basic security in the continuity of their national narratives. The origin of this security, indispensable to any society’s well-being, is also its most acute point of vulnerability. By tracing the social and political evolution in security thought and policy in the days, months and years after the Norway attacks, this book shows that the multiple hindsight rationalisations of the attack, coupled with a bureaucratisation of the response, collapsed this myth and with it the most long-standing source of Norwegian security. The book relates the experience of unthinkable disaster to the security that can be conceived of starting from this experience. Is there more insecurity because citizens know what kinds of threats are possible? Or does the experience of threat give the wisdom to know what is dangerous and not dangerous, what is real and unreal? If security is a set of practices directed towards the future, towards future events and potential dangers, then what becomes of security when the future is now and the disaster has happened. Is there useful knowledge to be gained from what we never imagined possible?

Second edition

Fully revised and updated, The History of Emotions is the most up-to-date and comprehensive guide to the theories, methods, achievements and problems in this field of historical enquiry and its intersections with other disciplines. Historians of emotion borrow heavily from the disciplines of anthropology, psychology, philosophy and neuroscience, and stake a claim that emotions have a past and change over time. This book introduces students and professional historians to the main areas of concern in the history of emotions, discussing how the emotions intersect with other lines of historical research relating to power, practice, society and morality. Providing a narrative of historical emotions concepts, the book is the go-to handbook for understanding the problems of interpreting historical experience, and collating and evaluating all the principal methodological tools generated and used by historians of emotion. It also lays out a historiographical map of emotions history research in the past and present, and sets the agenda for the future of the history of emotions. Chiefly centring on the rapprochement of the humanities and the neurosciences, the book proposes a way forward in which disciplinary lines become blurred. Addressing criticism from both within and without the discipline of history, The History of Emotions demonstrates the field’s centrality to historiographical practice, as well as the importance of this kind of historical work for general interdisciplinary understandings of the value and the meaning of human experience.

The Merchant of Venice

Boika Sokolova and Kirilka Stavreva’s second edition of the stage history of The Merchant of Venice expands the British focus of the first edition to include richly historicised chapters on Max Reinhardt’s and Peter Zadek’s sustained engagements with the play, and on its first production in Mandatory Palestine, directed by Leopold Jessner. It opens with a mapping of the interpretative shifts in the play’s performance from the 1930s to the second decade of the 21st century. The main focus is on post-1990s productions across Europe and the USA. Informative chapters on productions of the play by major contemporary directors analyse the work of Trevor Nunn, Robert Sturua, Edward Hall, Rupert Goold, Daniel Sullivan, and Karin Coonrod’s staging in the Venetian Ghetto. An extensive section engages with the cinematic history of the play, from silent-era adaptations, like Peter Paul Felner’s Der Kaufmann von Venedig (The Jew of Mestri), through Pierre Billon’s talkie Le Marchand de Venise; it includes a close analysis of Don Selwyn’s Te Tangata Whai Rawa or Weniti (The Māori Merchant of Venice) and Michael Radford’s William Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice. This larger picture of key theatrical and film transformations of The Merchant of Venice will prove essential to students of the play’s performance history, scholars interested in general trends and local specificities of its staging and reception, and to all who are prepared to look into the darker history of anti-Semitism and xenophobia, reflected in the stage and screen fortunes of Shakespeare’s play.

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A new history of photographic cultures in Egypt

The events of 25 January 2011 placed Egypt at the front and centre of discussions around radical transformations taking place in global photographic cultures. Yet Egypt and photography share a longer, richer history rarely included in Western histories of the medium. Decolonizing Images focuses on the local visual heritage of Egypt and, in doing so, continues the urgent process of decolonizing the canon of photography. Drawing on a wide range of historical and contemporary visual materials this book discovers the potential of photography as a decolonizing force. In diverse ways the medium has been used to influence political affairs, cultural life and reimaginings of Egypt in the transformation from a colony to a sovereign nation. Ronnie Close presents a new account of the visual cultures produced in and exhibited inside of Egypt by interpreting the camera’s ability to conceal as much as it reveals. He rethinks how the visual has constituted a distinct cultural sensibility on its own terms. This book moves from the initial encounters between local knowledge and Western-led modernity to explore how the image intersects with issues of representation, censorship, activism and art photography. The image disseminates knowledge from the specificity of its time but retains a singular property of its own creative expression that is more than the sum of its parts. Close overturns Eurocentric understandings of the photograph through a compelling narrative on this indigenous visual culture in a complex vision of decolonial difference in contemporary Egypt.

Fashion, textiles, and gender in Asia in the long twentieth century

Threads of globalization: fashion, textiles, and gender in Asia in the long twentieth century represents the first collection of its kind devoted to imbrications of gender, textiles/fashion, labor, and heritage across Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan, the diaspora) during the long twentieth century. This richly illustrated interdisciplinary volume situates the production of fashion (specific garments, motifs, materials, and methods of production) at the nexus between modernity, tradition, and identity, bringing these factors into Pan-Asian dialogue. Exploring the impact of textiles and garments on both national and local cultural identity, as well as gender identity and personal expression, Threads of globalization also investigates how garment and textile production has influenced the creative agency of women. The final section examines examples of ‘artivism’ (art + activism) that critique the often-gendered structural violence and environmental impacts of the global fashion industry. Threads of Globalization’s uniquely interdisciplinary contributors – scholars of art history, history, fashion, anthropology, and curators working across Asia – provide a fresh and timely inquiry into these intersectional topics from the late nineteenth century to today.

Open Access (free)
Species stories and the animal sciences
Series: Inscriptions

Everywhere dogs are found, they are stitched into human hearts. But are humans stitched into dogs’ hearts? Countless celebrations of ‘the dog–human bond’ suggest that they are. Yet ‘the bond’ does not always come easily to dogs. Dog Politics seeks to denaturalise, in different ways, dogs’ ‘species story’, the scientific story that claims that being with humans somehow constitutes dogs’ evolutionary destiny. This book asks what evidence exists for this story; what choices dogs have but to go along with it; and what expectations, demands and burdens it places on dogs, on a daily basis. In doing so, it offers an unfamiliar and discomfiting account of the lives of domesticated dogs’ today. Dog Politics is an empirical investigation of dogs in science that makes important theoretical contributions to debates of contemporary significance. It addresses how the connections between animal behaviours and species identities are established in theory and practice. It analyses the enduring entanglement of racism and speciesism, and how the interlocking relations between these prejudices are shaped by the different ways that the categories of ‘race’ and of species are conceived of in science over time. In the light of the reification and exploitation of dogs’ perceived relationality with humans, it looks again at the ethics and politics of intersubjectivity, becoming-with, entanglements. It disputes that species can be separated from storying. Above all, Dog Politics shows how species stories erase the singular individual animal as a figure of theoretical, methodological, ethical and political value, and with what dire consequences.

Open Access (free)
Maternal health in English prisons, 1853–1955

Should pregnant women be sent to prison? Is prison a place for the birth and care of babies? Can it ever be? This book is the first extensive historical examination of how the modern prison system sought to answer these perennial questions. The book takes the reader through the prison gates to demonstrate that, although a common feature of everyday life in women’s prisons, pregnancy, birth and motherhood were rarely fully considered at policy level. Instead, the experiences of mothers and children were shaped by a myriad of factors including debates about reconciling the management of institutional discipline with the maintenance of health and issues of gender and class. Lamented as an inalienable heritage of woe but also as an opportunity for the closer supervision of mothers, prison births evoked intense debate and required the negotiation of obdurate regimes. The book reveals how oscillating debates about the purpose of prisons shaped the punitive, reformatory and medical treatment of confined mothers. It also challenges scholarly debates about institutional discipline by delving further into the role of prisoners and prison staff in shaping the terms of their incarceration.

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A Belfast punk story

Ruefrex were one of Northern Ireland’s most popular and uncompromising punk rock bands. Emerging from the Belfast street-gang culture of the late-1970s, the group, inspired by The Clash, enjoyed a turbulent, decade-long career. They played for millions on CNN and Channel 4, toured with The Pogues and recorded the controversial ‘The Wild Colonial Boy’, which attacked American donations to Northern Irish terrorist organisations. Throughout it all, founder member, songwriter and spokesperson Thomas Paul Burgess ensured the band remained faithful to their Protestant, working-class origins. This candid memoir takes us on a journey from the streets of Belfast to encounters with U2, Shane MacGowan, The Cure, The Fall and Seamus Heaney. From strife-torn 1970s Belfast to bohemian London, Wild colonial boys tells the story of a punk band who refused to give up and stayed true to their punk roots.

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The life and lessons of a Black woman DJ

This book is a heartfelt and at times hilarious and frustrating account of DJ Paulette’s thirty-year music career. She spans the scenes she has inhabited, the characters she has encountered and the many twists and turns and ups and downs of her career. DJ Paulette, a Black queer woman, breaks through the gates of the boys’ clubs, enduring the knock-backs and fighting for a seat at the table. As a foremother to all women, she has tirelessly worked to share her passion for music with the world, and has become a doyen of DJ culture. She has worked in radio stations, record labels, magazines, recording studios and, most powerfully, and in DJ booths. Paulette relates how electronic dance music and the associated media experienced a whitewashing that was extreme in its execution. She discusses Flesh, the Haçienda years and the Haçienda renaissance with the people at the sharp end of operations: Paul Cons, Peter Hook, Luke Howard, Kath McDermott and Ang Matthews. Paulette examines the chaotic rupture caused by hard graft, and disagreements with bookers and bar managers over equipment, conditions and pay. She relates why and how her life went from wonderland to warzone. Paulette also discusses women’s secret legacy, women’s rights-related issues and the importance of planning one’s career. Finally, she explores the journey through the pandemic with the people and organisations she worked with who refused to surrender in the face of this invisible assailant.