Philip Nanton
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Archer, A. J., 1932, Guide Book to St Vincent, 7th edn, revised, Kingstown: n.p.

Atwood, Margaret, 1998 [1981], Bodily Harm, New York: Penguin.

Austin-Broos, D., 1996, ‘Politics and the Redeemer: State and Religion as Ways of Being in Jamaica’, New West Indian Guide, 70.1–2: 59–90.

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Bayley, Frederick William Naylor, 1833, Four Years’ Residence in the West Indies during the Years 1826, 7, 8, and 9, by a Son of a Military Officer, London: William Kidd.

Benitez-Rojo, 1996 [1992], Repeating Island: The Caribbean and the Postmodern Perspective, trans. James Maraniss, 2nd edn, Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press.

Boa, Sheena, 1998, ‘Colour, Class and Gender in Post-Emancipation St Vincent 1834–1884’, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Warwick.

Boa, Sheena, 2002, ‘Setting the Law in Defiance:Sheena Urban Protests and Lieutenant Governor Edward John Eyre in Post Emancipation St Vincent 1838–1861’, Caribbean Studies, 30.2: 130–148.

Bongie, Chris, 1995, ‘The Last Frontier: Memories of the Postcolonial Future in Keri Hulme’s The Bone People’, in Rob Wilson and Arif Dirlik (eds), Asia/Pacific as a Space of Cultural Production, Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 226–49.

Bongie, Chris, 1998, Islands and Exiles: The Creole Identities of Post/Colonial Literature, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Boyce, Rubert W., 1910, Health Progress and Administration in the West Indies, London: J. Murray.

Brown, A. and C. Stone, 1976, Essays on Power and Change in Jamaica, Kingston: Kingston Publishers.

Brown, Dillon J. and Leah Reade Rosenburg (eds), 2015, ‘Introduction: Looking beyond Windrush’, in Beyond Windrush: Rethinking Postwar Anglophone Caribbean Literature, Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 3–24.

Brown, Stewart and Mark McWatt (eds), 2005, The Oxford Book of Caribbean Verse, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bryce, Jane, 2014, ‘Adventures in Form: “Outsider” Fiction in the Caribbean’, in Andrew O. Lindsay (ed.), Beacons of Excellence: The Edgar Mittelholzer Memorial Lectures, 3 vols, Vol. I: 1967–2014, [Georgetown]: Caribbean Press, 145–163.

Carmichael, A. C., 1834, Domestic Manners and Social Conditions of the White, Coloured, and Negro Population of the West Indies, 2 vols, London: Whittaker, Treacher.

Chevannes, Barry, 1971, ‘Revival and the Black Struggle’, Savacou: Journal of the Caribbean Artists Movement, 5: 27.

Chevannes, Barry, 1999, ‘Coming in from the Cold: Native Religions and the Problem of Democracy in Jamaica’, in Yamada Mitsuo and Carlos Ivan Degregori (eds), Estados nacionales, etnicidad y democracia en América Latina, Osaka: Japan Centre for Area Studies, [n.p.].

Child, Vivian M., 2004, City of Arches:Vivian M. Memories of an Island Capital, Kingstown, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Toronto: Cybercom.

Cottle, Junior, ‘Spirit’, 2010, ‘The Politics of Marijuana in St Vincent and the Grenadines’, Agencia prensa rural, (accessed 15 April 2016).

Cottle, Junior, Stephen Koestler, FitzGerald Providence and Yves Renard, 2002, ‘Developing an Integrated Forest Management and Rural Livelihoods Project in St Vincent and the Grenadines: A Case Study’, CANARI Technical Report no. 326, European Commission.

Cox, Edward L., 1993, ‘Religious Intolerance and Persecution: The Case of the Shakers of St Vincent, 1900–1934’, paper presented at the 18th Annual Conference of the Caribbean Studies Association, 24–29 May 1993, (accessed 15 April 2016).

Cyrus, Cecil, 1989, A Clinical and Pathological Atlas: The Records of a Surgeon in St Vincent, the West Indies, Montrose: A. Cecil Cyrus.

Curtin, Philip D., 1990, The Rise and Fall of the Planter Complex: Essays in Atlantic History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Das, Veena and Deborah Poole (eds), 2004, Anthropology in the Margins of the State, Santa Fe and Oxford: James Curry.

Drayton, Richard, 2000, Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the ‘Improvement’ of the World, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Drayton, Richard, 2004, ‘The Problem of the Hero(ine) in Caribbean History’, Elsa Goveia Lecture, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.

Edmonds, Kevin, 2015, ‘Ganja and Globalization in St Vincent’, Stabrooek News, (accessed 26 May 2015).

Fabel, Robin F. A., 2000, Colonial Challenges: Britons, Native Americans, and Caribs: 1759–1775, Gainesville, University Press of Florida.

Farley, Christopher John, 2016, ‘Writer Marlon James Reimagines a Watershed in Jamaica’, Wall Street Journal, 2 October 2014, (accessed 23 January 2016).

Farred, Grant, 2002, ‘The Postcolonial Chickens Come Home to Roost: How Yardie Has Created a New Postcolonial Subaltern’, South Atlantic Quarterly, 100.1: 287–305.

Fineman, Mark, 2000, ‘Seeds of Distress in St Vincent’, The Baltimore Sun, 28 January, (accessed 2 August 2016).

Fletcher, Lisa, 2011, ‘“ … some distance to go’: A Critical Survey of Island Studies’, New Literatures Review, Islands Special, 23: 17–34.

Fraser, Adrian, 2002, Chatoyer (Chatawae), the First National Hero of St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Vincent: Galaxy.

Fraser, Adrian, 2011, From Shakers to Spiritual Baptists: The Struggle for Survival of the Shakers of St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Vincent and the Grenadines: Kings SVG.

Gonsalves, Ralph E., 2001, The Politics of Our Caribbean Civilisation: Essays and Speeches, Kingstown: Great Works Depot.

Gonsalves, Ralph E., 2010a, Diary of a Prime Minister: Ten Days among Benedictine Monks, St Vincent and the Grenadines: SFI Books.

Gonsalves, Ralph E., 2010b, The Making of ‘The Comrade’: The Political Journey of Ralph Gonsalves: An Autobiographical Sketch of a Caribbean Prime Minister, St Vincent and the Grenadines: Strategy Forum.

Grosfoguel, R., 1995, ‘Colonial Caribbean Migrations to the Metropolis in Comparative Perspective’, paper presented at the ‘Comparative History of Migration within the Caribbean and Europe’ conference, Oxford Brooks University, Oxford.

Hall, C. Michael, 2002, ‘The Changing Cultural Geography of the Frontier: National Parks and Wilderness as Frontier Remnant’, in Shaul Krakover and Yehua Gradus (eds), Tourism in Frontier Areas, Oxford: Lexington Books.

Harris, Wilson, 1981, ‘The Frontier on which Heart of Darkness Stands’, Research in African Literatures, 12.1: 86–93.

Henke, H. and D. D. Marshall, 2003, ‘The Legitimacy of Neo-Liberal Trade Regimes in the Caribbean: Issues of “Race”, Class and Gender’, in C. Barrow-Giles and D. Marshall (eds), Living at the Borderlines: Issues in Caribbean Sovereignty and Development, Kingston: Ian Randle.

Hennessy, Alistair, 1978, The Frontier in Latin American History, London: Edward Arnold.

Higman, Barry W., 1984, Slave Populations of the British Caribbean 1807–1834, Mona: University of the West Indies Press.

International Maritime Organization, 2004, Reports on Acts of Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships, fourth quarterly report (October–December 2003), London: International Maritime Organization.

Jacobs, Curtis, 2003, The Brigands’ War in St Vincent: The View from the French Records, 1794–1796, St Vincent Country Conference Re-prints, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, (accessed 16 July 2016).

James, Marlon, 2014, A Brief History of Seven Killings, New York: Riverhead Books.

John, Lyndon, 2006, ‘From Growing Ganja to Planting Trees: Stimulating Legal Livelihoods and Watershed Management in St Vincent through Payments from Public Utilities’, Who Pays for Water?, Project Document no. 2, Laventille: CANARI.

John, Rupert, 2009 [1979], Pioneers in Nation-Building in a Caribbean Mini-State, St Vincent: Kings SVG.

Johnson, Erika, 2013, ‘Gangs Are the New Law in Urban Trinidad and Tobago’, Sight Crime, 21 October 2013.

Kairi Consultants Ltd, 2008, St Vincent and the Grenadines Country Poverty Assessment, 2007/2008, Vol. I: Living Conditions in a Caribbean Small Island Developing State’, Port-of-Spain, Kairi Consultants Ltd.

King, Baldwin and Cheryl Phills King (eds), 2011, Caribbean Trailblazers, 2 vols, Madison: Kings SVG.

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Klein, Axel, 2004, ‘The Ganja Industry and Alternative Development in St Vincent and the Grenadines’, in Axel Klein, Marcus Day and Anthony Harriott (eds), Caribbean Drugs: From Criminalization to Harm Reduction, London: Zed Books, 224–244.

Legair, I. N., [n.d.], ‘Asset Protection: How to Protect Your Assets from Greedy Spouses and Inconsiderate Creditors’, (accessed 21 May 2015).

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Lemar, Howard Roberts and Leonard Monteath Thompson (eds), 1981, The Frontier in History: North America and Southern Africa Compared, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

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Lewis, Gordon, K., 1968, The Growth of the Modern West Indies, London: MacGibbon and Kee.

Lewis, Gordon K., 1983, Main Currents in Caribbean Thought: The Historical Evolution of Caribbean Society in Its Ideological Aspects 1492–1900, Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lewis, Linden, 2003, Exploring the Intersections of Gender, Sexuality and Culture in the Caribbean, Gainsville: University of Florida Press.

Lewis, Paul E., 2010, ‘Would Canouan Development Resorts Limited Chart a New Path?’, Caribbean News Now, 30 November 2010, http://www (accessed 17 July 2016).

Lowe, H. I. L., 1972, ‘Jamaican Folk Medicine’, Jamaica Journal, 6.2: 20–24.

McDonald, Roderick A., 1996, ‘Urban Crime and Social Control in St Vincent during the Apprenticeship’, in Roderick A. McDonald (ed.), West Indies Accounts: Essays he History of the British Caribbean and the Atlantic Economy in Honor of Richard Sheridan, Kingston: Press University of the West Indies.

McDonald, Roderick A. (ed.), 2001, Between Slavery and Freedom: Special Magistrate John Anderson’s Journal of St Vincent during Apprenticeship, Barbados: University of the West Indies Press.

Marshall, Woodville K., 1981, ‘“Vox Populi”: The St Vincent Riots and Disturbances of 1862’, Seminar Paper no.2, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados.

Marshall, Woodville and Bridget Brereton, 1999, ‘Historiography of Barbados, the Windward Islands, Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana’, in General History of the Caribbean, 6 vols, Vol. VI: Methodology and Historiography of the Caribbean, ed. Barry W. Higman, London and Oxford: UNESCO and Macmillan Caribbean, 544–603.

Martin, Robert Montgomery, 1837, History of the West Indies Comprising British Guyana, Barbados, St Vincent’s, St Lucia, Dominica, Montserrat, Antigua, St Christopher’s etc., British Colonial Library 5, London: Whittaker and Co.

Martin, Robert Montgomery, 1843, History of the Colonies of the British Empire in the West Indies, South America, North America, Asia, Austral-Asia, Africa and Europe, Official Records of the Colonial Office, London: Dawson’s of Pall Mall.

Mayer, Petra, 2015, ‘Marlon James Wins Man Booker Prize’, (accessed 23 January 2016).

Meyerhoff, Miriam and James A. Walker, 2013, Bequia Talk (St Vincent and the Grenadines), Colombo and London: Battlebridge.

Mignolo, Walter D., 2000, Local Histories/Global Designs: Coloniality, Subaltern Knowledges and Border Thinking, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Mill, John Stewart, 1968 [1848], Principles of Political Economy, London: Longman, Green and Dyer.

Mitchell, James F., 1989, Caribbean Crusade, Waitsfield: Concepts Publishing.

Mitchell, James F., 1996, Guiding Change in the Islands, Waitsfield: Concepts Publishing.

Mitchell, James F., 2006, Beyond the Islands: An Autobiography, Oxford: Macmillan Caribbean.

Naipaul, V. S., 1996, The Middle Passage, London: Pan Macmillan.

Nanton, Philip, 1983, ‘The Changing Pattern of State Control in St Vincent and the Grenadines’, in R. Cohen and F. Ambursley (eds), Crisis in the Caribbean, London: Heinemann, 223–246.

Nanton, Philip, 1984, ‘Strategy and Tactics in Organisational Change, Race Relations and Local Government’, Local Government Studies, 10.5: 51–60.

Nanton, Philip, 1992, ‘I’, in Stewart Brown and Ian McDonald (eds), The Heinemann Book of Caribbean Poetry, Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers, 165.

Nanton, Philip, 2004, ‘Rethinking Privatization, the State and Illegal Drugs in the Commonwealth Caribbean’, in Axel Klein, Marcus Day and Anthony Harriott (eds), Caribbean Drugs: From Criminalization to Harm Reduction, London and New York: Zed Books; Kingston: Ian Randle.

Nanton, Philip, 2006, ‘At the Cyrus Museum, Beat Profile’, Caribbean Beat, 78 (March/April): 52–55.

Nanton, Philip, 2013–2014, ‘Flotsam and Jetsam’, BIM: Arts for the 21st Century, 6: 41–43.

Nanton, Philip, 2014a, Island Voices from St Christopher and the Barracudas, London and Trafalgar, Dominica: Papillote Press.

Nanton, Philip, 2014b, ‘Song of Chatoyee’, in Georgie Horrell, Aisha Spencer and Morag Styles (eds), Give the Ball to the Poet: A New Anthology of Caribbean Poetry, London: Commonwealth Education Trust Books.

Nanton, Philip, 2015, review of A Brief History of Seven Killings, Journal of West Indian Literature, 23: 1–2.

Nanton, Philip with M. FitzGerald, 1990, ‘Race Policies in Local Government: Boundaries or Thresholds?’, in W. Ball and J. Solomos (eds), Race and Local Politics, London: Macmillan, 155–174.

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Philip, Kavita, 2014, ‘Keep on Copyin’ in the Free World? Genealogies of the Postcolonial Pirate Figure,’ in Lars Eckstein and Anja Schwarz (eds), Postcolonial Piracy: Media Distribution and Cultural Production in the Global South, London and New York: Bloomsbury, 149–178.

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Schwartz, Mattathias, 2011, ‘A Massacre in Jamaica’, The New Yorker, 12 December 2011.

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