Dominique Anxo
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Christine Erhel
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Work and care regimes and women’s employment outcomes
Australia, France and Sweden compared

The objective of this chapter is to assess the extent to which national care regimes and family policies interact and impact on female employment outcomes. We focus on Australia, France and Sweden, three advanced market economies that have contrasting employment and care regimes. The chapter also compares the degree of policy convergence or divergence underway. Previous comparative studies have clearly shown that the gender division of labour between paid work, care and domestic activities is dependent on prevailing societal norms and institutional context, in particular the characteristics of the parental leave system, the availability and cost of childcare services, the provision of elderly care, and more globally on employment and working time regimes and the design of tax and family policies. Our central argument is therefore that family and care policies play a crucial role in shaping the patterns of men’s and women’s employment. Lack of affordable child care facilities and poor work-life balance arrangements across the life course reduce female, particularly maternal, labour supply both in terms of labour force participation and working time participation.

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Making work more equal

A new labour market segmentation approach

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