Karin Arts
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Changing interests in EU development cooperation
The impact of EU membership and advancing integration

This chapter examines two main lines of developments within the European Union (EU) that have affected the geographical scope of, political priority for, and substantive orientation of, its development cooperation policy. These are the changes in EU membership over time and the ever advancing European integration process. Between 1957 and 1995, the original six-member European Economic Community grew to the current fifteen-member European Union. There has been a historical pattern of new European Community member states influencing the geographical scope of EC development policy and programmes. The chapter shows that their overall impact on development policy has been significant, especially since the 1990s. In particular, expanding EU membership, Constituent Treaty changes, the Common Foreign and Security Policy, and the pressure to increase accountability, transparency and efficiency, have diluted the Union's interest in development cooperation with the South.

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EU development cooperation

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