Maria João Seabra
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One way to Europeanisation

The adaptation of the Portuguese administration to the new political and economic internal circumstances was parallel to the process of integration in the European Union. The correlation between internal changes and European integration has increased with the Treaty on European Union (TEU). The TEU led to a substantial reform in the Portuguese constitution and it has changed the role of the Parliament in the control of the European Community (EC) legislation. At the same time, almost all the ministries had to create or adapt their services and institutions even those traditionally less 'Europeanised', such as the police forces and the judicial authorities. The Portuguese case shows that domestic political change is influential in the definition of European policies. Portuguese civil society is also learning how to deal with European integration. In the future, civil society, through its organised representatives, is likely to play an increasing role in Portugal's European policies.

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Fifteen into one?

The European Union and its member states


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