Index

Index

acceleration-induced alienation 40
Acceptera (Asplund et. al. 1931) 215, 222
affordable housing 198212
aging, Alaska 1056
agricultural interests and planning 114
Alaska study 94106
access to resources 101
acts of self 102
aging 1056
alcohol 101
art and craft 96
colonization 95, 97, 106
community events 95
culture 1045
diet 96
Elder wisdom and tradition 96
European settlers 96
family 100
healing 103
health and happiness 101
outward migration 101
poverty 96
providing 103
subsistence 100
tobacco 101
tourism 95
traditional knowledge and values 97, 102
Western barriers 101
whales 101
alternative lifestyles 75
Americans’ Perceptions of Life Quality (Andrews and Withey (1976)) 201
Anchorage 94
Anglo-Saxon vs Latin heritage 337
anxiety
and quality of life 24, 36
areas of outstanding natural beauty 120
aspiration theory 341
austerity measures, and planning 122
Australia 1, 120
Australia study 31529
football 320
HRQoL 3249
netball 320
Sport 315
authoritarian populism 23
Bentham, Jeremy 5
Bering Strait region 94
Beuys, Joseph 191
binary thinking 3
biophilia 4457
bio-rhythmia 42
Björling, Nils 116
Bolsonaro, Jair (Brazil) 23
Bourdieu, P.
capital and their interrelationships 128, 274, 276, 277, 279
minority communities 276
property rights 128
taste 276
Brexit (UK) 23
bricolage (DIY) 81
built capital 128
built environment 113230, 4624
Denmark 134
making places better for people 114
businesses start-ups 77
Canada, sport 321
casual leisure 244
chiiki okoshi kyouryokutai program 76
child friendly places, South Africa 15877
child learning in the rural environment 43
China study 17995
build a new socialist countryside 185
cultural heritage tourism 181
depopulation 182
Everyone is an Artist, project 180, 1823, 1904
harmonization of brick homes 189
infrastructure 190
leases of dilapidated houses 184
leisure and cultural facilities 180
Longtan Art Museum 187
Longtan Public Art Education Center 186
opera museum 188
participation of local residents 184
Phoenix square 188
rain veranda 186
rice wine 181
Siping opera 181
sport 321
stigmatization of rural living 193
traditional houses 180, 184
wine museum 188
China virus 26
choices and goals 5
Church of Denmark 152
Cilliers, Juanee 115
cities
cultural capital 352
education and income 339
insecurity 341
pecuniary nexus 351
positive effects 337
problems 352
young people 352
city life 39, 336, 383
and happiness 384
civil society 465
coast proximity 342
Cold Hawaii 151
Colorado study 2336
COVID-19 25
demographics 26, 31
feeling community 302
Frontier Community 25
household income 26
immigrants 32
Likert score 28
meat slaughtering facilities 34
method 256
results 2836
Rural Community 25
colorblindness in America 35
Commain Eachdriadh (CE) 27495
The Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress (CMEPSP) 300
Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) 202
community autonomy as interdependency 31
community building, Denmark 1502
community wellbeing 135
see alsowellbeing
commuting 40
conflict
positive qualities 24
and quality of life 36
counterurbanisation, impact on local businesses 61
COVID-19 385
congestion in high amenity rural spots 439
cultural trauma 98
deaths of meat plant workers 34
France 383403
functionality of homes 203
health resilient areas 433
HRQoL Australia 3218
inequalities 212
Norway 266
outdoor recreation 43941
racist narratives 26
Scotland 294
seasonal wellbeing 383
teleworking 392
treatment of workers 32
creativity-based strategies 75
cultural capital 1045, 276
cultural heritage 274
cultural trauma 989
Denmark 136
Denmark studies 4153, 13455, 34868
acceptance based on personal qualities 53
Ærø 148
Balling 146, 151
built interventions 137
case overview 13949
charity based projects 137, 138
civil society 242
closures 349, 351
community building 1502
deprivation 422
Ejerslev 148
ethnicity 421
expectations 3514
Faster Dairy project 147
Frøstrup 146, 147, 150
gender 421
Horbelev 146
house restoration 53
income 421
industrial food production 44
inequity 153
informant quotes 43
inter-municipal equalization 349
Junget 148, 149, 150
Klitmøller 148, 149, 150, 151
neighborhood study 40523
Øster Hurup 148, 149, 150
Østerby’s Bakery Museum 148
outdoor public spaces 137
outskirts 4223
peripheral rural areas 136, 154
photos 46
quality of life 24453, 41222
regression models 35868
relational rural thinking 154
religion 244
rural built environment projects 134
Salling aqua park 148
self-sufficiency 44
sex, and urban–rural typology 353
spending on elder care 349
strategies for new public spaces 145
strategy 145, 146, 148, 150
survey 35468
unemployment 421
urbanism 413
Village of Seven Parishes 147, 148, 150, 152
visitor attractions 137
deprived neighbourhoods, and gentrification 58
digitisation 28895
diphtheria 95
displacement pressure 59
Durkheim, Emile 338
Easterlin paradox 341
ECD (Early Childhood Development) Centre 163
economic capital 128
economic crisis 2008/09
Italy 378
and wellbeing 124
economic sustainability, Japan 83
economics
capabilities 300
utility 12230
wellbeing at cost to others 24
education and income 343
education and training
Ærø 148
China 180
as remedies for harm caused by gentrification 58
elderly, and
rural residence 340
elites
Sweden 219, 221
England studies 649, 198212
affordable housing 199, 204
agricultural workers 207
care centre 60
deregulation 210, 211
escape (as goal) 207
essential workers 207
gated communities 206
home ownership and wellbeing 20911
housing and community life 2089
housing and home life 2014
housing and social life 2046
housing and work life 2068
England studies (continued)housing costs 203
inheritance tax 210
inter-generational inequality 204
London Housing Design Guide (2009) 202
mixed communities 209
North Norfolk 2045, 207
Parker Morris Committee 202, 211
quality domains 202
rationing of homes 204
renters 203
social domains 202
unholy alliance 208
unwanted change 209
village halls 689
village life 659
wealth domains 202
Enterprise Zones 122
environmental change, and rural life 113
environmental protection, as obstacle to development 122
ethnicity 421
and alienation 438
and quality of life 421
eudaimonic well-being 5, 343
eurhythmia 51
Europe
happiness 1, 341
European Values Study (2008) 341
everyday life 4612
exclusionary displacement 61
Facebook 292
fear of crime
city 362
South Africa 161, 172
urban green 454
15 minute neighbourhood 127
Finland 343
flu epidemic (1918) 95
food provisioning 42
exchange between countryside and city 44
as leisure pursuit 48
France study 383403
degree of urbanization 387
subjective wellbeing 386
survey and results 386403
free rider theory 252
free time 46
free-rider theory 245
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster (2011) 80, 385
Gallent, Nick 116, 118
Geertz, Clifford 190
Generation 2030 report (2014) (Unicef) 158
gentrification 33, 459
Japan 77
neighbourhood effects 58
perspectives 569
and wellbeing 5570
Gesellschaft 260
Gibbens, Menini 115
Gini coefficient 354
Gkartzios, Menelaos 118
Glaeser, Edward 4
globalization, and rural life 113
gold 95
Goodness of Life for Every Alaska Native (GLEAN) Study 99
green space 55, 60, 342, 392
Denmark 148, 352
France 384, 388
Ireland 342
South Africa 161, 171, 172
greenbelts 120
Habitat III goals (UN) 126
han-nou han-x2 84
Hansson, Per Albin 222
happiness 44656
affective component 448
as a bi-product of virtue 5
cognitive component 448
measurement 449
questions 5, 447
scientific relevance 448
social relevance 447
happy societies 301
health and wellbeing
Alaska 95, 101
and rural life 62
Health Related Quality of Life (HRQol) 239
Health through Sport 319
health walks 4302
Hebridean Connections 28895
hedonism 80, 343
Heidegger, M. 201
heritage 181
homelessness 200
Homes for Today and Tomorrow (Parker Morris Committee) 202
housing costs, and homelessness 61
HRQoL (Health Related Quality of Life) 239
Huang Jing 187
human population 338
Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race 95
imitation (Tardean sociology) 41
individualism vs. collectivism 30
Ireland 342
car dependency 126
detached houses 125
family networks 125
life satisfaction 124
Italy study 3709
analysis and results 3739
civil status 378
Cultural Index 374, 377
Health Index 374, 377
income 378
rural areas 379
Social Index: 374, 377
Sport Index 374, 377
trend 379
urban areas 379
waves 375
Japan study 7489
communal activities 88
delivery services 82
demographics 81
female interviewees 88
ghost towns 76
internet connection 82
Kaho 878
lifestyle migration 74
marriage 86
Masayuki 80, 83, 84
methods 7980
property 867
respondents’ motivation 80
schools 82
simplicity of life 82
transportation 82
Jørgensen, Gertrud 115
King, P. 202
Kvam Herad 299
lamb (home-grown) 43
land ownership 97
land-based capital 128
Latin vs Anglo-Saxon heritage 337
Lefebvre, Henri 39, 217
leisure 46
liberal political cultures and colorblindness 35
Life in Rural America survey (2018) 23
life satisfaction questions 5
lifestyle migrants
impact on rural areas 75
Japan 7489
quality of life 75
relational role 76
Lin Zhenglu 180, 185, 191
depopulation 182
Little Diomede 94
Living Standards Framework (New Zealand, 2018) 126
local history 2756
Longtan village 17995
see alsoChina study
marginalised women 299
marginalization by dominant social group 24
Marx, Karl 192
Measuring What Matters (UK Royal Town Planning Institute) 127
medical services, Japan 81
middle-class 58, 61
migrants
and social ties 309
and voluntary organizations 308
money 85
mosques 309
national parks 120
natural resource exploitation 120
nature
dangerous other 172
and people 96, 100, 154, 342
and quality of life 100, 104, 105, 124
rural areas 149
unholy alliance 208
nature-based activities 137, 146, 147, 148, 149
nature-based solutions 175
necro-subjection 34
neighborhood resource displacement 58
neighborhood study 40523
Denmark 41222
methodology 40812
quality of life 40623
neoliberalism 1212
new rural paradigm (OECD) 137
New Zealand 1
Nome (Sitŋasuaq) 94
North America 1
Northern Europe 1
Norton Sound 946
Norway studies
data collection 3034
dugnadsånd 268
export revenue by periphery 259
generational divide 266
how to improve rural QoL 268
immigrants 303
Kvam 30412
labour shortage 259
marginalised groups 305
membership fees 310
membership model 308
Neighbourhood Mothers (NM) 298312
perceptions of the rural 26771
rural youth 25871
safety 264
social networks 306
sociality and proximity 2647
Strategy for Migrant Integration 306
typical volunteer 302
urban life 265
volunteering 259, 298312
welfare services 267
Youth Panel 2628
youth participation 262
Norwegian Local Communities Survey (NLCS) 262
Norwegian Society of Rural Women 310
Norwegian Women’s Public Health Association 310
Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam 4, 336
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 33
otherness 32
outdoor recreation 428
Paris 385
Parker Morris Committee 202
parks and green spaces 52, 342
peasant life 48
pet ownership 446
PGWBI questionnaire 373
Phillips, Martin 116
physical activity (PA) 31529
place attachment 135
place of residence
spatial differentiation 2
and way of life 2
placemaking 135
China 180
planetary urbanisation thesis 3
planning 11831
austerity measures 122
capitals framework 12830
countryside of wellbeing 130
developmentalist agendas 130
economic growth 120
facilitator of market-led development 121
laissez-faire approach 130
and local elites 121
market-based incentives 122
neoliberalism 1212, 130
preservationist agendas 130
for quality of life 1236
remote and peripheral rural regions 120
renewable energy projects 121
and wellbeing 12230
see also Denmark studies
planning interventions, and quality of life 114
play-based pedagogy 160
political polarisation 2
polyrhythmia 45
Positive Youth Development paradigm 317
post-industrial economies 75
poverty
Alaska 96
China 179
England 208
health impacts 59
housing costs 61
Jutland 423
picturesque places xxi
and slum 336
South Africa 158, 159, 160, 164
urban areas 384
urban malaise 371
The preservation of rural England (Abercrombie 1926) 119
private–public partnerships, Denmark 154
psychological disorders
and urbanicity 98
psychological stresses
and gentrification 59
quality of life 48, 1236, 199201, 216, 40623, 4668
autonomy and interdependency 30
and civil society 23529
cultural heritage 238
density of civil society 2379
Japan 83
membership of an organisation 236
religion 244
rural areas 239
and rurality 99105
rural youth 25871
self reported 23953
volunteering 236, 237
Quality of Life Measurements and Methodology (ESPON) 126
racialized politics 34
Realdania survey 1
recreation 75
reference group theory 341
relational rural thinking, Denmark 154
renewable energy projects 121
Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress (Sarkozy) 123
resonance 40, 51
retirees 47, 199
right to roam 427
Right to the city (1967) 217
Rosa, Hartmut 39
rural communities
decline 275
self reliance 124, 203, 249
social capital 341
rural dwellers
attachment to local community 252
borrow the positive effects of cities 343
as choice 236
reported a high quality of life 1
rural identity
and immigrants 353
cultural significance 3
cultural significance downplayed 3
rural idyll 75, 342
rural life
in the city 2
informal encounters 50
rhythmic uncontrollability 48
rural outmigration 61
rural rhythm 3953
rural vs urban quality of life 335470
rural youth 25871
rural–urban binary 24
rural–urban happiness paradox 12, 3, 40, 469
Satisfaction with Life Scale (SLS) 27
schools
closures 61, 251
importance for communities 250
Scotland studies 27495
accessibility 434
COVID-19 43941
cultural heritage 277
digitisation 28895
Facebook 292
Scotland studies (continued)freedom to roam 436
health resilient areas 433
health walks 4302
home location 435
outdoor recreation 42741
over 60s 438
remote rural areas 436
visits to the outdoors 429
Scott, Mark 114
Scottish Household Survey 433
Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 437
seasonal residents 199
secularisation 275
self-determination theory 429
self-employment in rural areas 75
Sen, Amartya 127, 298
serious leisure 244, 251, 252
serious volunteering 244
Seto Inland Sea of Japan 778
see alsoJapan study
sex, and urban-rural typology 353, 469
Shen Minghui 183
Shuangxi Antai Art City 183
Simmel, Georg 338
Siping opera 181, 188
slow food 42
slum 336
sobriety, Alaska 102
social acceleration
and clock time 45
and social relations 49
supermarket shopping 52
social capital 208
Denmark 350
social indicators’ movement 4
social media 261
social scientists 344, 405
social service provisions in deprived neighbourhoods 58
social solidarity, middle-class school selection 58
social-cultural capital 128
socio-rhythmia 49
Sørensen, Jens 351
South Africa study 15877
chicken farming 166
child population 158
child survey 167
faith communities 159, 162
fear of crime 161, 172
food security 164
Griekwastad 159, 161, 162
housing 166, 172
income generators 166
methodology 1647
nature as the ‘dangerous other’ 172
opportunities 1737
permaculture garden 173
play spaces 16871
poverty 160
recommendations 176
sources of income 166
substance abuse 165
ubuntu 160
Voetspore van Hoop (Footprints of Hope) ECD centre 163
space (sociospatial) 51
spatial justice 45960
spatial mobility 75
sport 31529
rural and regional areas 3201
sport benefits
adults 31718
children and adolescents 31617
quality of life 31820
sporting clubs 316
string figuring 64
style regulation 189
subjective wellbeing 4, 5
and COVID-19 385
individual level variables 344
Sub-Saharan Africa, wellbeing 340
substance abuse, Alaska 97
suicide risk 99
Sustainable Development Goals (UN) 126
sustainable development planning 174
sustainable farming, Japan 77
Sweden study 21530
Charlottenberg 228
crop failure in the 19th century 221
Crown control 220
folkhemmet 2223
geographical polarisation 216
inclusion 2289
industrial rationalisation 2223
industrialisation 21516
integration 218
internationalisation 219, 2235
joins the European Union 224
land reforms 1749 to 1827 221
Lutheran heirarchies 219, 221
national identity 222
nuclear power 224
oil crisis (1973) 223
rural to urban spectrum 218
rurban confusion 217, 225
rurban void 21730
rurban welfare state 21920
secularisation 221
self organisation 2268
Skaraborg 226
Torp 228
trading houses 221
welfare state 215
technics 277
technological rhythms 40
territorial quality of life (TQoL) 127
third places 50
Tietjen, Anne 115
tourism 75
transport
France 392
Japan 81
The Triumph of the City (Glaeser) 335
Trump, Donald 23, 26, 34
trust
Denmark 350
France 392
Tyson Foods 34
United States 2343
Colorado study 2336, 43
frontier classification 24
optimism 23
problems paying bills 23
suicide rates 23
volunteering 243
see also Colorado study
urban areas, income inequality 352
urban elite, and the rural problem 39
urban green 44556
urban happiness paradox 335, 384
urban life in the countryside 2
urban malaise 371
urban vs rural quality of life 335470
urbanicity, and psychiatric disorder 98
urbanization, and rural life 3, 113
utilitarianism 5
Veenhoven, Ruut 339
village halls 689
village life 659
and effect of income 62
volunteering
Denmark 350
and health 301
motivation 311
Norway 259, 298312
Wang, Meiqin 116
Waterboer, Johannes 164
wealth inequality 341
wellbeing 135, 428
Atkinson 114
catalysed by the environment 60
components 123
and cultures 353
democracy and autonomy 350
determinants 3713
elderly people 352
at the expense of others 58
Italy 3709
married people 352
perspectives 569
and planning 12230
SWEMWBS 433
traditional measures 124
as warning sign 36
a well-designed home 202
wellness businesses 59
Western Europe 1
Western world, wellbeing 340
women
and activity 319
and COVID-19 440
Italy 378
outdoor recreation 438
in rural areas 238
When women thrive 311
work-residence distance 340, 350
World Database of Happiness 449
World Happiness Report (2020) 1, 23, 340
Wu Mingfeng 183
Xia Xingyong 183
Xue Meilan 183
Yang Fawang 183
younger persons voluntary efforts 250
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