The chapter discusses the causes of the Cypriot crisis and circumstances of its bailout by the EU and the IMF. It is argued that the excesses of the Cypriot banking system had been largely responsible for the implosion of the Cypriot economy. On a different level, the delays in dealing with the Cypriot crisis in a timely manner, highlighted the limitations of the Eurozone institutions to manage risk.
The chapter discusses the political context within which the financial crisis in Greece developed. It is argued that the country’s political leadership became complacent and was unable to either foresee the crisis or articulate a credible plan for its solution. These shortcomings reveal longer-term pathologies of Greek politics rooted in history.
The chapter discusses the way in which the European Union has sought to resolve the Eurozone crisis. It is argued that the crisis revealed major shortcoming in the architecture of Economic and Monetary Union which did not attract sufficient attention early on. The response to the crisis was also coloured by the dominance of centre right political forces in the EU as well as by the weakening of the European Commission in recent years. In this context a radical overhaul of economic governance within the Eurozone is required, based on the empowering of European institutions and on greater solidarity, rather than retreat to economic nationalism.