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Monarchy and Fascism in the Italian colonies
Alessandro Pes

The chapter analyses the power the Italian Kingdom and Fascism wielded over the colonies. Beginning with the diarchic relationship between the King and the Duce in Italy, the chapter considers how this relationship affected the administration of Italian colonies. The establishment of the Empire of Italian East Africa in 1936, after the conquest of Ethiopia, is shown to be a turning point in Fascist colonial policy; the new imperial role of King Vittorio Emanuele III was effectively reshaped by the fascist character the regime gave to the empire. The proclamation of Amedeo d’Aosta, a member of the royal family, as Viceroy of the Empire and Governor-General of the Empire of Italian East Africa, demonstrates how the diarchic relation between Italian Monarchy and the Fascist regime emerged.

in Crowns and colonies