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Steven Kettell

5 Above the law Along with military interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan, one of the central features of the war on terror was the use of extra-legal measures by the Bush administration. These involved indefinite detentions at Guantánamo Bay and so-called ‘black site’ facilities at secret locations around the world, the use of extraordinary renditions and the deployment of ‘controversial’ interrogation techniques, amounting, in some cases, to the use of torture. As details about these practices emerged, New Labour officials came under increasing pressure over

in New Labour and the new world order
British travel and tourism in the post-imperial world
Hsu-Ming Teo

confidently made their way from Angora to Afghanistan, from the Cape to Cairo, from Nepal to New Zealand; their journeys were written up in the books that Waugh reviewed. The world had indeed been wide open before this privileged group of travellers who took travel abroad as ‘a matter of course’. Waugh’s gloomy prediction was notably incorrect. There was in fact room for tourists in a world of ‘displaced

in British culture and the end of empire
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War, sovereignty, and resistance to the biopolitical imperium
Julian Reid

being redefined by little short of a transformation in the character of power relations internationally, one which challenged traditional accounts of power across the spectrum of different theoretical approaches to the subject. The World Trade Center attack of 11 September 2001 has been argued to challenge both liberal and Foucauldian accounts alike. With the declaration of the War on Terror by the United States, and the subsequent invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the global order is now widely argued to be fragmenting into a mode of organisation more anachronistic

in The biopolitics of the war on terror
Open Access (free)
Edward M. Spiers

Intervention in Egypt contrasted dramatically with recent campaigns in Africa and Afghanistan. It involved the largest expeditionary force despatched by Britain since the Crimean War and achieved a decisive outcome in less than two months, that is, from the passing of a vote of credit by the House of Commons for an expeditionary force (27 July 1882) to the crushing victory at

in The Victorian soldier in Africa
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Costas Panayotakis

brazen attacks on the capitalist world’s paramount superpower on September 11, 2001, and the military fiascos in Iraq and Afghanistan that resulted from that superpower’s response to those attacks; a major financial crisis erupting in that self-same superpower less than a decade afterwards and its rapid escalation into a global economic crisis, the reverberations of which we still feel today; the sudden eruption across the world of major waves of protest, such as the Arab Spring and the Occupy movement, which were a response to the failings of the neoliberal economic

in The capitalist mode of destruction
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Leadership and foreign policy

Why did Tony Blair take Britain to war with Iraq? Because, this book argues, he was following the core political beliefs and style—the Blair identity—manifest and consistent throughout his decade in power. Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan, and finally Iraq were wars to which Blair was drawn due to his black-and-white framing of the world, his overwhelming confidence that he could shape events, and his tightly-held, presidential style of government. This new application of political psychology to the British prime ministership analyses every answer Blair gave to a foreign policy question in the House of Commons during his decade in power in order to develop a portrait of the prime minister as decision maker. Drawing upon original interviews with major political, diplomatic and military figures at the top of British politics, the book reconstructs Blair's wars, tracing his personal influence on British foreign policy and international politics during his tumultuous tenure.

The source and power of Islam
Robin Derricourt

Chapter 3 Vision, faith and conquest: the source and power of Islam In the middle decades of the 7th century ce, armies from the Arabian Peninsula achieved the rapid conquest of territories extending from Afghanistan to North Africa, seized from the weakened Sasanian and Byzantine Empires. They created new settlements and fortifications, and taxes were now payable to the new rulers. However, for much of the first century of the conquest it did not transform the material culture, economic or social pattern of most of the peoples of the Levant. The unifying

in Creating God
The War on Terror and the resurgence of hillbilly horror after 9/11
Linnie Blake

’s Easy Rider are blown from their motorcycles by two archetypes of redneck intolerance, the sense remains that such acts of lawless ‘killin’ and maimin’’ are a direct result of the encroachment of America’s economic, political and legal systems on the autonomy of poor white country-dwellers. In Easy Rider, the hippies’ refusal to be ‘bought and sold in the marketplace’ thus functions as a reminder that the rhetoric of freedom espoused by conservative Americans in justification of the war in Vietnam (and later Afghanistan and Iraq) is a means of social control, a

in The wounds of nations
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Games within games
Editor: J. Simon Rofe

The purpose of this book is to critically enhance the appreciation of diplomacy and sport in global affairs from the perspective of practitioners and scholars. The book will make an important new contribution to at least two distinct fields: diplomacy and sport, as well as to those concerned with history, politics, sociology and international relations. The critical analysis the book provides explores the linkages across these fields, particularly in relation to soft power and public diplomacy, and is supported by a wide range of sources and methodologies. The book draws in a range of scholars across these different fields, and includes esteemed FIFA scholar Professor Alan Tomlinson. Tomlinson addresses diplomacy within the world’s global game of Association Football, while other subjects include the rise of mega-sport events as sites of diplomacy, new consideration of Chinese ping-pong diplomacy prior to the 1970s and the importance of boycotts in sport – particularly in relation to newly explored dimensions of the boycotts of the 1980 and 1984 Olympic Games. The place of non-state actors is explored throughout: be they individual or institutions they perform a crucial role as conduits of the transactions of sport and diplomacy. Based on twentieth- and twenty-first-century evidence, the book acknowledges antecedents from the ancient Olympics to the contemporary era, and in its conclusions offers avenues for further study based on the future sport and diplomacy relationship. The book has a strong international basis because it covers a broad range of countries, their diplomatic relationship with sport and is written by a truly transnational cast of authors. The intense media scrutiny of the Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup and other international sports will also contribute to the global interest in this volume.

Why did the Russian take-over of Crimea come as a surprise to so many observers in the academic practitioner and global-citizen arenas? The answer presented in this book is a complex one, rooted in late-Cold War dualities but also in the variegated policy patterns of the two powers after 1991. This book highlights the key developmental stages in the evolution of the Russian-American relationship in the post-Cold War world. The 2014 crisis was provoked by conflicting perspectives over the Balkan Wars of the 1990s, the expansion of NATO to include former communist allies of Russia as well as three of its former republics, the American decision to invade Iraq in 2003, and the Russian move to invade Georgia in 2008. This book uses a number of key theories in political science to create a framework for analysis and to outline policy options for the future. It is vital that the attentive public confront the questions raised in these pages in order to control the reflexive and knee-jerk reactions to all points of conflict that emerge on a regular basis between America and Russia.Key topics include struggles over the Balkans, the expansion of NATO, the challenges posed by terrorism to both nations, wars fought by both powers in the first decade of the twenty-first century, conflict over missile defence, reactions to post-2011 turmoil in the Middle East, and the mutual interest in establishing priorities in Asia.