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Resources of identity
Arthur Aughey

, East of England, South-West and South-East, and these came into operation in 1999. Non-elected Regional Chambers or Assemblies were also established in each region to scrutinise the work of the RDAs. For some, the development of English regions as ‘functional spaces’ had been consolidated by these new concentrations of institutions and elites and they now intimated a process of ‘reconfiguring and rescaling’ regional economic governance. However, what remained lacking was the democratic engagement of citizens, since the regions had yet to develop properly their

in The politics of Englishness
Bahrain’s post-2014 oil price decline adjustment
Sumaya AlJazeeri

the government embarking on actual structural reforms, its rhetoric remains in the realm of aspirations rather than signalling actual policy change. Therefore, this chapter concludes that Bahrain's political economy continues to be in status quo albeit with updates. The adjustment policies implemented so far do not rise to the level of substantial systemic reform and are merely policy corrections or updates along neoclassical lines. These corrections are a ‘facelift’ rather than an actual complete transformation of political-economic governance

in Oil and the political economy in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth, Alison Todes, Sarah Charlton, Tatenda Mukwedeya, Jennifer Houghton, Tom Goodfellow, Metadel Sileshi Belihu, Zhengli Huang, Divine Mawuli Asafo, Sibongile Buthelezi, and Fikile Masikane

, including economic, governance, environmental, political, individual, etc., at multiple scales. We argue that the diversity of such drivers of change is significant and it suggests simplistic accounts of the peripheries are highly problematic. Our research reveals that in some areas, large-scale formal investment is evident (such as in Tulu Dimtu in Addis), while other areas are predominantly characterised by informal development or a complex mix of formal and informal processes, as in Molweni in eThekwini and Winterveld in Tshwane. We argue that theoretical framings

in African cities and collaborative futures
Polish migrants in the Irish labour market
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek, and Justyna Salamońska

implications for the (re-regulation of labour standards in the context of large-scale migration from Poland and elsewhere. As trade unions had a say in the socio-economic governance of the country, they pushed the issue of employment rights to the top of the partnership agenda. Unlike some European trade unions during the ‘guest worker’ period, the Irish trade union movement did not oppose the inflow of migrants (Krings, 2007). In fact, the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) together with IBEC campaigned for a ‘Yes’ vote in the second referendum on the 2002 Nice Treaty

in New mobilities in Europe
Annamaria Simonazzi

Development) (2017), Indicators of Employment Protection (Paris: OECD), http://www.oecd.org/employment/emp/ oecdindicatorsofemploymentprotection.htm, accessed 18 March 2017. Rubery, J. (2015), Re-regulating for Inclusive Labour Markets, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 65 (Geneva: International Labour Organization). Rubery, J. and Piasna, A. (2016), Labour Market Segmentation and the EU Reform Agenda: Developing Alternatives to the Mainstream, Working Paper No. 10 (Brussels: European Trade Union Institute). Schulten, T. and Müller, T. (2014), ‘European economic

in Making work more equal
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’
Miguel Martínez Lucio

. (ed.), The New EU Economic Governance and its Impact on the National Collective Bargaining Systems (Madrid: CCOO), pp. 175–204. 308 Making work more equal Rodríguez-Ruiz, Ó. (2015), ‘Unions’ response to corporate restructuring in Telefónica: locked into collective bargaining?’, Employee Relations, 37:1, 83–101. Royle, T. and Ortiz, L. (2009), ‘Dominance effects from local competitors: setting institutional parameters for employment relations in multinational subsidiaries; a case from the Spanish supermarket sector’, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 47

in Making work more equal
Maria Karamessini and Damian Grimshaw

Minimum wages and wage-setting systems in Greece and the UK 17 Minimum wages and the remaking of the wage-setting systems in Greece and the UK Maria Karamessini and Damian Grimshaw Introduction The steady encroachment of a more neoliberal set of market principles among advanced capitalist countries has not necessarily been accompanied by a declining role of the state. This is as true with respect to the state’s role in wagesetting as it is in other areas of economic governance, such as social transfers, product market regulation and corporate governance

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Between political controversy and administrative efficiency
Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer

centralised machinery of Whitehall, co-ordinated through the Cabinet Office, to reinforce leadership. The direct involvement of the state in economic governance is relatively limited by comparative European standards. The civil service is well qualified, under pressure to be efficient, and theoretically neutral (i.e. subservient to the objectives of whatever party is in power). State power has traditionally been concentrated on central government, with local government having a weak position. The United Kingdom nevertheless comprises different national identities (Scots

in Fifteen into one?
Miguel Otero-Iglesias

feasible to pursue the conclusion of trade and investment alliances and to turn a blind eye to human rights violations or corrupt political regimes. Furthermore, Europe also needs to drop its Eurocentric lens. It cannot give lectures on regional institutionalisation and development models. This will not be accepted any more by Asian leaders. A more multipolar economic world order means also the acceptance of different models of development and international relations. The EU should continue to support a liberal, rules- and norms-based multilateral global economic

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
Navigating between trouble and promise
Gustaaf Geeraerts

dependent on the success of its economic and social model, as well as its capability of effective collective action. On these accounts, “the international status of the EU has suffered setbacks in the last decennium due to the onset of multiple crises, chiefly the sovereign debt crisis in the Eurozone, the refugee crisis and the British referendum on its continued membership of the EU” (Michalski and Pan, 2017: 4). The perception that the EU’s economic governance model and its regulatory regime were not able to prevent the sovereign debt crisis seriously undermined the EU

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific