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Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Sarah Holland

Asylum and hospital farms, the agricultural land managed by psychiatric institutions and on which some patients worked, represented transitional spaces between the institution and the wider community, and are pivotal to understanding the experience of patients who worked the land. Patients’ experiences of work undertaken while in a psychiatric institution were typically narrated by medical superintendents, and thus mediated through an institutional lens. Arguably the voice of these patients has been silenced as a result. Yet even in the

in Patient voices in Britain, 1840–1948
Oonagh Walsh

14 Work and the Irish District Asylums during the late nineteenth century Oonagh Walsh Although integral to the life of the asylum, work – as occupational therapy (OT), as income generation, and as a means of evaluating a patient’s recovery – has been little studied in its own right. Discussions of patient work parties, or the contributions made by particular cohorts towards the upkeep of the institution, tend to arise incidentally and as part of analyses of power relationships between staff and inmates. Yet in the period before the large-scale introduction of

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Debbie Palmer

7 The impact of the First World War on asylum and voluntary hospital nurses’ work and health Debbie Palmer In 1918, poor work conditions at the Cornwall Lunatic Asylum resulted in the deaths of six nurses. The high mortality rate, according to the asylum’s medical superintendent, was the result of long working hours and the severe shortage of nurses during the First World War.1 In contrast, voluntary hospital nurses at the South Devon and East Cornwall Hospital, Plymouth saw little deterioration in their mortality and morbidity rates. Increasing numbers of

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
Akira Hashimoto

7 Work and activity in mental hospitals in modern Japan, c. 1868–2000 Akira Hashimoto Historians have argued that the modernisation of Japan has not been a simple case of Westernisation, but that in the process of forming a nation state equal to Western countries, modernisation has been intertwined with Japanese nationalism.1 What is more, the Western concept of modernity itself has been questioned.2 Yet, broadly speaking, the course of Japanese modernisation can be mapped in terms of two major sociopolitical changes, both of which were influenced by Western

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015
Rebecca Jennings

2 The ‘all-out career woman’ and narratives of lesbianism at work In 1964, The Times published an article entitled ‘Bachelor Girl’, describing the plight of the young unmarried woman in her late twenties with nothing to occupy herself but her career. ‘Feminists and writers in the more sophisticated magazines’, the correspondent explained, ‘may argue persuasively about the superior position of the bachelor girl … How much more exciting life can be for the bachelor girl, they say, than for married couples like themselves, weighed down with families. Think of the

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
Jane Brooks

5 Reasserting work, space and gender boundaries at the end of the Second World War When you come out of the Forces you will have eight weeks’ leave in which to look round and take stock of your position … You have seen much, and you will bring to civilian life a broadened outlook. It may be that during your period of service you concentrated on one special branch of nursing work, while possibly losing touch with developments in other fields. Perhaps you held posts of great responsibility … While you have been away, those at home have had to carry on as best they

in Negotiating nursing
James Baldwin Review
Laura Panizo

This article will investigate the process of confronting death in cases of the disappeared of the last military dictatorship in Argentina. Based on the exhumation and identification of the body of a disappeared person, the article will reflect on how the persons social situation can be reconfigured, causing structural changes within the family and other groups. This will be followed by a discussion of the reflections generated by the anthropologist during his or her interview process, as well as an investigation into the authors own experiences in the field. This intimate relationship between the anthropologist and death, through the inevitable contact that takes place among the bodies, causes resonances in the context both of exhumations and of identifications in the anthropologists wider fieldwork.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal