Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna
greater language sensitivity and metalinguistic awareness, particularly among
those who are accorded greater epistemic authority’ ( Peled, 2018 : 361). Otherwise,
individuals who are marginalised and who already suffer disproportionately
during disasters and crises will experience further injustice rather than
experience the dignity and empowerment which translation can provide ( O’Mathúna, 2018 ).
The first three layers of ethical issues drew attention to ethical
. […] You know, you are a humanitarian. And then also
for PR, it would [expletive] us completely if this is [happening].
Other organisations similarly confirmed that they were careful, for instance by
asking their employees not to mention their employer on the social media
accounts they used for private expression of opinion. One INGO mentioned how
they were informally contacted by local authorities about some of the social
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
Our analysis below unpacks the discourses and knowledge that produce representations
of a particular problem: the problem of refugee women. This requires a close reading
of the representations that render a problem legible and amenable to humanitarian
intervention. The wider study of problematisation is not an exclusive concern for
those interested in formal public policy, laws and governmental programmes. It has
found applications in studies concerned with how authorities other than
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
hold the governmental authorities to account. We allowed ourselves to be morally blackmailed and our calls for accountability reaped steadily diminishing returns’ ( 2017 : 199). In instances where collaboration is not possible or feasible (including due to serious concerns of corruption), an alternative to active collaboration with the government is alignment (outlined next).
Alignment . As of 2018, the operational environment was slowly moving from one of emergency response to development activity (or at least the introduction of both sets of activities in
The marquess of Ormond,
Lord Montgomery of the Ards and the
problem of authority in Ulster, 1649
‘The ministers before had preached so much against Ards’ treachery, that
few of his people had heart or hand to join him’.1 This was Robert Baillie’s
cutting description of the reaction to efforts by Lord Montgomery of the
Ards to shore up royalist support in Ulster during the second half of 1649.
Montgomery, commander-in-chief of the Ulster royalist forces by commissions from both Charles II and the marquess of Ormond, lord lieutenant of
This book challenges the assumptions that reporters and their audiences alike have about the way the trade operates and how it sees the world. It unpacks the taken-for-granted aspects of the lives of war correspondents, exposing the principles of interaction and valorisation that usually go unacknowledged. Is journalistic authority really only about doing the job well? Do the ethics of war reporting derive simply from the ‘stuff’ of journalism? The book asks why it is that the authoritative reporter increasingly needs to appear authentic, and that success depends not only on getting things right but being the right sort of journalist. It combines the critical sociology of Pierre Bourdieu and interviews with war correspondents and others with an active stake in the field to construct a political phenomenology of war reporting—the power relations and unspoken ‘rules of the game’ underpinning the representation of conflict and suffering by the media.
This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range from the spread of gingko’s popularity from East Asia to the West to the appeal of acupuncture for complementing in-vitro fertilization regimens, from the modernization of Chinese anatomy and forensic science to the evolving perceptions of the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine. The individual essays cohere around the powerful theoretical-methodological approach, “historical epistemology,” with which scholars in science studies have already challenged the seemingly constant and timeless status of such rudimentary but pivotal dimensions of scientific process as knowledge, reason, argument, objectivity, evidence, fact, and truth. Yet given that landmark studies in historical epistemology rarely navigate outside the intellectual landscape of Western science and medicine, this book broadens our understanding of its application and significance by drawing on and exploring the rich cultures of Chinese medicine. In studying the globalizing role of medical objects, the contested premise of medical authority and legitimacy, and the syncretic transformations of metaphysical and ontological knowledge, contributors illuminate how the breadth of the historical study of Chinese medicine and its practices of knowledge-making in the modern period must be at once philosophical and transnational in scope. This book will appeal to students and scholars working in science studies and medical humanities as well as readers who are interested in the broader problems of translation, material culture, and the global circulation of knowledge.
Roman Catholic women's congregations are an enigma of nineteenth century social history. Over 10,000 women, establishing and managing significant Catholic educational, health care and social welfare institutions in England and Wales, have virtually disappeared from history. In nineteenth-century England, representations of women religious were ambiguous and contested from both within and without the convent. This book places women religious in the centre of nineteenth-century social history and reveals how religious activism shaped the identity of Catholic women religious. It is devoted to evolution of religious life and the early monastic life of the women. Catholic women were not pushed into becoming women religious. On the basis of their available options, they chose a path that best suited their personal, spiritual, economic and vocational needs. The postulancy and novitiate period formed a rite of passage that tested the vocation of each aspirant. The book explores the religious activism of women religious through their missionary identity and professional identity. The labour of these women was linked to their role as evangelisers. The book deals with the development of a congregation's corporate identity which brought together a disparate group of women under the banner of religious life. It looks specifically at class and ethnicity and the women who entered religious life, and identifies the source of authority for the congregation and the individual sister.
This is a much-needed volume that brings together established and early career
scholars to provide new critical approaches to the relationship between Geoffrey
Chaucer and Edmund Spenser. By reading one of the greatest poets of the Middle
Ages alongside one of the greatest poets of the English Renaissance, this
collection poses questions about poetic authority, influence and the nature of
intertextual relations in a more wide-ranging manner than ever before. With its
dual focus on authors from periods often conceived as radically separate, the
collection also responds to current interests in periodisation. This approach
will engage academics, researchers and students of medieval and early modern
This book offers an analysis of the problem of the authority of the state in democracies. Unlike many discussions of democracy that treat authority as a problem primarily of domestic politics or normative values, it puts the international economy at the centre of the analysis. The book shows how changes in the international economy from the inter-war years to the end of the twentieth century impacted upon the success and failures of democracy. It makes the argument by considering a range of different cases, and traces the success and failure of democracies over the past century. The book includes detailed studies of democracies in both developed and developing countries, and offers a comparative analysis of their fate.