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Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray

, at best, and the ­normative foundations for decisions remain largely unexplored. The stifling impact of religious ethos, in particular that of Catholicism, is often cited as an explanation for the lack of debate around ethical issues in healthcare in Ireland in the past (McDonnell and Allison, 2006). However, given the increasingly secularised nature of contemporary Irish society (Inglis, 1998), it is no longer feasible to attribute an ongoing lack of debate to this source. Moreover, simple stereotyping based on conceptions of Catholicism or secularism is largely

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
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Global kosher and halal markets
John Lever and Johan Fischer

and Denmark as ‘secular’ case countries. Understandings and practices of kosher/​halal in these two countries are framed by ways in which ‘the secular’ offers signs of quite different trajectories and meanings. In other words, our focus is on the ways in which Jewish and Muslim consumers negotiate kosher and halal in the interfaces between political discourses, religious organisations and the marketplace. We show that unpacking the various assumptions that constitute ‘secularism’ as a political doctrine is necessary in order to explore ‘the secular’ as comprising

in Religion, regulation, consumption
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John Lever and Johan Fischer

governmentality. Thus, all these debates and tensions at different levels reinvigorate old discussions about the role of secularism and religious ritual in modern societies. Comparing the UK and Denmark, we can say that Judaism/​kosher and Islam/​halal are less state regulated in the UK and that this allows for slaughter without stunning, for example. This situation has made the UK one of the largest markets for kosher/​halal food in the world  –​a market in which the qualification (Callon et al. 2002) of products as kosher and halal is pervasive and expanding in ever more

in Religion, regulation, consumption
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European opposition, Muslim migrants, impact on Jews
Amikam Nachmani

takes place without raising additional issues like forced marriages (particularly those of Turkish and South Asian girls practised in France, Britain, Scandinavia In the same boat 125 and Germany), juvenile and even infantile weddings of girls as young as nine, cruel sexual mutilation, gender violence, honour killings, rape, teenage pregnancy, girls’ and women’s suicide, harassment of homosexuals, etc.37 Muslim women’s attire and allegedly the two main prohibitions that it ­transgresses –women’s rights and infringement of secularism – have become major issues

in Haunted presents
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Martine Monacelli

the development of a new code of social manners between the sexes as a result of mixing. It was hailed by the Freethinker William Shaen as ‘one of the most important social movements of the day’ (Gleadle, 1995 : 152). Amongst those, and equally significant in the challenging of the dominant constructions of womanhood, Secularism provided a most powerful intellectual tool. Freethought or the empire of reason After the decline of Chartism, and until the rise of Socialism in the 1880s, a loose network of heterogeneous atheistic and

in Male voices on women's rights
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Hayyim Rothman

distance from Jewish piety during the period in question. In many respects, this account is justified. Irving Howe, for instance, writes that while ‘public avowal of agnosticism, atheism, apostasy, and backsliding was no new phenomena’ in late nineteenth-century Jewish life, anarchists more so than other radical groups ‘went far beyond secularism or anticlericalism in the bitter extremes of their antireligious struggle (Howe 2005 , 105).’ As Rebecca Margolis explains, if other groups held religion in disdain, they also tended to treat it as a private concern. In

in No masters but God
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Catholic imagination, modern Irish writing and the case of John McGahern
Frank Shovlin

Delvin, Co. Westmeath, the village on which MacNamara had based his dreary Garradrimna. MacNamara’s father’s school was boycotted by the locals, and the case was taken up by W. B. Yeats, A. E. and others in the first great literary scandal of the Free State. Today in Ireland, the depiction of a perverse, insane or deviant priest in a work of literature, far from creating outrage, would not raise a murmur. In the wake of a slowly but surely building secularism and the fallout from the spate of sexual scandals of the past twenty years, the Catholic Church could hardly

in Irish Catholic identities
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Adapting classical myth as Gothic romance
I.Q. Hunter

’s imperialist films, such as The Abominable Snowman (1957), The Stranglers of Bombay and The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires , employ otherwise racist commonplaces about the purity and naive primitivism of other cultures in order to criticise the violence, secularism and hypocrisy of the West. 6 The trope of woman as transcendent Other is a means of countering the male-identified world of science and rationality with an

in Monstrous adaptations
François Burgat

played its part in opening up the terrible jihadist breach between the Republic and some of its children. From very early on, it appeared to me that the only kind of Muslim who could become acceptable to the upholders of the “fraudulent” version of secularism ( laïcité ) 2 was a Muslim … who was no longer Muslim! The only one eligible to become “one of us” was, as it were, he who goes down the pub with us (who “drinks with (and like) us,” “qui boit son verre comme les autres,” as the French song has it). At nightfall, when the time comes for the maghrib prayer

in Understanding Political Islam
Summer 1874–82
Maureen Wright

, abandoned the high church Anglicanism of his youth and, by so doing, cast himself beyond the pale for many who held a strong religious affiliation. Not least among these were the devout inhabitants of Congleton, who engaged him in a ‘battle royal’ for the right to free speech. Only days after Henry’s tribute, both the town’s mayor and town clerk had levied a charge of sedition against him. Congleton did, in fact, have historical ties to secularism from the Chartist era. Ben built on these connections and formalised them by inaugurating the Congleton and Buglawton

in Elizabeth Wolstenholme Elmy and the Victorian Feminist Movement