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Brian Sudlow

encounter their view of the Church as an institution whose very dynamics illustrate their belief in the divine agency continually at work in the material cosmos. Charismatic gifts: the prophetic and the miraculous If we consider secularism as a deist or atheist ideology which annihilates or considers as impossible the relationship between humanity and God, it is clear how opposed it is to the ordinary life of the Christian which places God’s action at its centre. Claudel reflects in his Journal on the fact that when he

in Catholic literature and secularisation in France and England, 1880–1914
Arthur Aughey

of British people shared (MacColl 2004: 608). This was the foundation of a civilisation that preserved both civil and religious liberty, in which, it used to be said, Labour politics owed more to Methodism than to Marxism and the Church of England was the Conservative Party at prayer. It is only relatively recently in English/British history that national ‘values’, with the exception of ‘tolerance’, can be discussed without some reference to religious faith and within a purely secular frame. This recent secularism has encouraged a widespread indifference to the

in The politics of Englishness
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Mary Donnelly and Claire Murray

, at best, and the ­normative foundations for decisions remain largely unexplored. The stifling impact of religious ethos, in particular that of Catholicism, is often cited as an explanation for the lack of debate around ethical issues in healthcare in Ireland in the past (McDonnell and Allison, 2006). However, given the increasingly secularised nature of contemporary Irish society (Inglis, 1998), it is no longer feasible to attribute an ongoing lack of debate to this source. Moreover, simple stereotyping based on conceptions of Catholicism or secularism is largely

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
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Global kosher and halal markets
John Lever and Johan Fischer

and Denmark as ‘secular’ case countries. Understandings and practices of kosher/​halal in these two countries are framed by ways in which ‘the secular’ offers signs of quite different trajectories and meanings. In other words, our focus is on the ways in which Jewish and Muslim consumers negotiate kosher and halal in the interfaces between political discourses, religious organisations and the marketplace. We show that unpacking the various assumptions that constitute ‘secularism’ as a political doctrine is necessary in order to explore ‘the secular’ as comprising

in Religion, regulation, consumption
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John Lever and Johan Fischer

governmentality. Thus, all these debates and tensions at different levels reinvigorate old discussions about the role of secularism and religious ritual in modern societies. Comparing the UK and Denmark, we can say that Judaism/​kosher and Islam/​halal are less state regulated in the UK and that this allows for slaughter without stunning, for example. This situation has made the UK one of the largest markets for kosher/​halal food in the world  –​a market in which the qualification (Callon et al. 2002) of products as kosher and halal is pervasive and expanding in ever more

in Religion, regulation, consumption
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European opposition, Muslim migrants, impact on Jews
Amikam Nachmani

takes place without raising additional issues like forced marriages (particularly those of Turkish and South Asian girls practised in France, Britain, Scandinavia In the same boat 125 and Germany), juvenile and even infantile weddings of girls as young as nine, cruel sexual mutilation, gender violence, honour killings, rape, teenage pregnancy, girls’ and women’s suicide, harassment of homosexuals, etc.37 Muslim women’s attire and allegedly the two main prohibitions that it ­transgresses –women’s rights and infringement of secularism – have become major issues

in Haunted presents
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Martine Monacelli

the development of a new code of social manners between the sexes as a result of mixing. It was hailed by the Freethinker William Shaen as ‘one of the most important social movements of the day’ (Gleadle, 1995 : 152). Amongst those, and equally significant in the challenging of the dominant constructions of womanhood, Secularism provided a most powerful intellectual tool. Freethought or the empire of reason After the decline of Chartism, and until the rise of Socialism in the 1880s, a loose network of heterogeneous atheistic and

in Male voices on women's rights
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Hayyim Rothman

distance from Jewish piety during the period in question. In many respects, this account is justified. Irving Howe, for instance, writes that while ‘public avowal of agnosticism, atheism, apostasy, and backsliding was no new phenomena’ in late nineteenth-century Jewish life, anarchists more so than other radical groups ‘went far beyond secularism or anticlericalism in the bitter extremes of their antireligious struggle (Howe 2005 , 105).’ As Rebecca Margolis explains, if other groups held religion in disdain, they also tended to treat it as a private concern. In

in No masters but God
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Adapting classical myth as Gothic romance
I.Q. Hunter

’s imperialist films, such as The Abominable Snowman (1957), The Stranglers of Bombay and The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires , employ otherwise racist commonplaces about the purity and naive primitivism of other cultures in order to criticise the violence, secularism and hypocrisy of the West. 6 The trope of woman as transcendent Other is a means of countering the male-identified world of science and rationality with an

in Monstrous adaptations
François Burgat

played its part in opening up the terrible jihadist breach between the Republic and some of its children. From very early on, it appeared to me that the only kind of Muslim who could become acceptable to the upholders of the “fraudulent” version of secularism ( laïcité ) 2 was a Muslim … who was no longer Muslim! The only one eligible to become “one of us” was, as it were, he who goes down the pub with us (who “drinks with (and like) us,” “qui boit son verre comme les autres,” as the French song has it). At nightfall, when the time comes for the maghrib prayer

in Understanding Political Islam