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Cecily Jones

overlapping imbrication of whiteness in shaping the diverse material realities of women of European origin in the English-speaking slave-based societies of the Caribbean island of Barbados, and North Carolina in the American South, between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Historians of gender and slavery in the United States have significantly enriched our knowledge of the texture of women

in Engendering whiteness
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Stephen Snelders

leprosy had ceased to be endemic across most of Europe by the early modern period, in the mid-​eighteenth century Europeans encountered a disease they identified as leprosy in a completely new setting in another part of the globe among people of colour in Caribbean plantation colonies. From approximately 1750 onwards, leprosy or ‘boasie’ was seen by the Dutch rulers and Dutch colonial medicinal professionals in Suriname (the Dutch part of Guiana on the northern coast of South America), as an important danger to the slave population’s health, public hygiene, and colonial

in Leprosy and colonialism
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A history of northern soul

This book is a social history of northern soul. It examines the origins and development of this music scene, its clubs, publications and practices, by locating it in the shifting economic and social contexts of the English midlands and north in the 1970s. The popularity of northern soul emerged in a period when industrial working-class communities were beginning to be transformed by deindustrialisation and the rise of new political movements around the politics of race, gender and locality. The book makes a significant contribution to the historiography of youth culture, popular music and everyday life in post-war Britain. The authors draw on an expansive range of sources including magazines/fanzines, diaries, letters, and a comprehensive oral history project to produce a detailed, analytical and empathetic reading of an aspect of working-class culture that was created and consumed by thousands of young men and women in the 1970s. A range of voices appear throughout the book to highlight the complexity of the role of class, race and gender, locality and how such identities acted as forces for both unity and fragmentation on the dance floors of iconic clubs such as the Twisted Wheel (Manchester), the Torch (Stoke-on-Trent), the Catacombs (Wolverhampton) and the Casino (Wigan).

Author: Zoë Thomas

Women Art Workers constitutes the first comprehensive history of the network of women who worked at the heart of the English Arts and Crafts movement from the 1870s to the 1930s. Challenging the long-standing assumption that the Arts and Crafts simply revolved around celebrated male designers like William Morris, this book instead offers a new social and cultural account of the movement, which simultaneously reveals the breadth of the imprint of women art workers upon the making of modern society. Thomas provides unprecedented insight into how women – working in fields such as woodwork, textiles, sculpture, painting, and metalwork – navigated new authoritative roles as ‘art workers’ by asserting expertise across a range of interconnected cultures so often considered in isolation: from the artistic to the professional, intellectual, entrepreneurial, and domestic. Through examination of newly discovered institutional archives and private papers, and a wide range of unstudied advertisements, letters, manuals, photographs, and calling cards, Women Art Workers elucidates the critical importance of the spaces around which women conceptualised alternative creative and professional lifestyles: guild halls, exhibitions, homes, studios, workshops, and the cityscape. Shattering the traditional periodisation of the movement as ‘Victorian’, this research reveals that the early twentieth century was a critical juncture at which women art workers became ever more confident in promoting their own vision of the Arts and Crafts. Shaped by their precarious gendered positions, they opened up the movement to a wider range of social backgrounds and interests, and redirected the movement’s radical potential into contemporary women-centred causes.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Protection of animals in nineteenth-century Britain
Author: Diana Donald

This book explores for the first time women’s leading roles in animal protection in nineteenth-century Britain. Victorian women founded pioneering bodies such as the Battersea Dogs’ Home, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, and the first anti-vivisection society. They intervened directly to stop abuses, promoted animal welfare, and schooled the young in humane values via the Band of Mercy movement. They also published literature that, through strongly argued polemic or through imaginative storytelling, notably in Anna Sewell’s Black Beauty, showed man’s unjustifiable cruelty to animals. In all these enterprises, they encountered opponents who sought to discredit and thwart their efforts by invoking age-old notions of female ‘sentimentality’ or ‘hysteria’, which supposedly needed to be checked by ‘masculine’ pragmatism, rationality and broadmindedness, especially where men’s field sports were concerned. To counter any public perception of extremism, conservative bodies such as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals for long excluded women from executive roles, despite their crucial importance as donors and grassroots activists. However, women’s growing opportunities for public work in philanthropic projects and the development of militant feminism, running in parallel with campaigns for the vote, gave them greater boldness in expressing their distinctive view of animal–human relations, in defiance of patriarchy. In analysing all these historic factors, the book unites feminist perspectives, especially constructions of gender, with the fast-developing field of animal–human history.

Open Access (free)
Catherine Hall

For C. L. R. James West Indian identity was something to be celebrated, associated as it was for him, with the whole of the Caribbean, from Cuba and Haiti to Martinique, Trinidad and Jamaica. 1 Its distinctive character he saw as intimately linked to its particularly modern history, with the plantation at the centre of a global capitalist system linking slavery with

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
The ‘rude awakenings’ of the Windrush era
Stuart Ward

‘wake up call’. 14 A broadly similar pattern of existential rift and re-examination was identified by Mike and Trevor Phillips in their pioneering survey of the memories and impressions of post-war Caribbean migrants: Back in the Caribbean the migrants had been brought up to perceive British power as part

in The break-up of Greater Britain
Constructing the contest in Barbados, 1958–66
Rochelle Rowe

of this show and featured the usual parades of young women contestants in glitzy, carnivalesque costume, and uppermiddle-class judges awarding prizes and accolades.1 The programme hosted performers from Barbados’s fledgling entertainment industry, which came to be regarded, along with the glamour of the beauty contest, as a mark of Barbadian economic and cultural development, and a source of national pride. By 1958 the growth of beauty competitions in the wider Caribbean, into large-scale events with thousand-strong audiences, was well under way. Within this

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
David Austin

in Walter Rodney’s biography. He was a singular figure, a remarkable intellectual and political voice whose ideas, intellect, and actions influenced his generation in the Caribbean and its diaspora, in Africa, and among Afro diasporic peoples in general. He was also a powerful voice for socialism and was internationally recognised as a historian and a political thinker. In other words, because Rodney was such an exceptional historical figure, the gravity of his death still lingers in the present. His life and work

in Revolutionary lives of the Red and Black Atlantic since 1917