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Abstract only
Keith Mc Loughlin

This book argues that, in Britain, the Cold War was an economic and social necessity. In contrast to the prevailing emphasis that historians have placed on cultural, diplomatic and military experiences, this book demonstrates that Britain's Cold War was primarily an economic experience. During the era covered here, the 1960s through to the 1980s, Britain's defence economy sustained thousands of workers and their communities in what was a period of seismic economic and industrial change. Military industry was recognised by both Conservative

in The British left and the defence economy
Cold War governance and the public university
Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

87 5 ‘Meeting [our] domestic Communism problem’: Cold War governance and the public university Geoffrey Rossiter’s term of employment as executive officer of the Australian Fulbright Program (1950–​64) coincided neatly with Robert Menzies’ term as prime minister (1949–​66) of the L-​CP government. While this provided a stability of policy and direction for the USEF, the neat symmetry also captures the overlap between politics, governance and educational exchange that characterised the Fulbright Program. Just as the Fulbright Program was being set up in the

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
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UN peacekeeping and the end of the Cold War 1988–91
Chen Kertcher

2 New thinking: UN peacekeeping and the end of the Cold War 1988–91 It is accepted by researchers and even the UN Secretariat that peacekeeping operations can be divided into two separate time periods: from 1947–88, or the Cold War era, and from 1988 to the present, the post-Cold War era. In 1988–91, the UN carried out ten new peacekeeping operations:  in Afghanistan, on the Iran–Iraq border, in Central America, Africa and Cambodia. We can also note the enforcement operation in Iraq after Iraq conquered Kuwait. But although most studies label these as second

in The United Nations and peacekeeping, 1988–95
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Susanne Lachenicht, Charlotte A. Lerg, and Michael Kimmage

global parameters. Established beliefs about shared values and common goals seem to fade. The alarm and disbelief this rupture causes among numerous observers on both sides of the Atlantic, and the fact that so few of them saw it coming, reminds us of how powerful the idea of the Atlantic World had become. Arguably, already with the end of the Cold War, with the global war on terror and with the redirection of US foreign policies towards the Pacific under President Barack Obama, the end of a transatlantic era beckoned (e.g. chapters 2, 5, and 9 in this volume). All

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
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Joseph Heller

Histories of the modern Middle East, and of the Arab–Israeli conflict in particular, generally focus on regional participants. Some work has been done about the relations between the region and the two superpowers (the United States and the Soviet Union), but little has put the Arab–Israeli conflict into the context of the Cold War. Both East and West sought influence and

in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
Defending Cold War Canada
Katie Pickles

defence, immigrant training and citizenship courts. Such work continued the IODE’s mission for a British-influenced Canada. The IODE’s reaction to the Cold War reflected a forced reconsideration of Canadian identity. While the IODE promoted democratic principles of progressive conservatism, its methods and its attitude to Communists were influenced by an individualism and a politics more often associated

in Female imperialism and national identity
Order and security in post-Cold War Europe
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

5 Geopolitical imperatives of system change Order and security in post-Cold War Europe Introduction This chapter addresses the question of how change at the international system level has produced those political outcomes related to European security and defence design post-Cold War. It is both a description and an evaluation of the way in which Europe’s security arena has changed, as well as an attempt to come to terms with the process that led to the ‘internalisation’ of system change. By ‘internalisation’ we mean the process – or better, the causal

in Theory and reform in the European Union
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Keeping watch on the Communists
Charmian Brinson and Richard Dove

:13:52 PM MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 09/03/2013, SPi 188 Preparing for the Cold War Cavendish Laboratory, DSIR [Department of Scientific and Industrial Research], felt that his immediate value as a scientist outweighed his potential danger as a Communist.’4 Broda’s value and potential danger are the subject of chapter 20. The government had initially refused to allow ‘enemy aliens’ to enlist in British forces, with the notable exception of the non-combatant Pioneer Corps; for their part, Communists had strongly opposed young men joining the Pioneer Corps, but now they

in A matter of intelligence
Physicians and their therapies for the Cold War
Claudia Kemper

v 10 v ‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War Claudia Kemper ‘Wars begin in the mind, but the mind is also capable of preventing war.’2 The Cold War from a medical perspective Physicians are members of a respected profession and at the same time an elite minority, whose special social position is particularly called upon when state and society find themselves in a crisis, above all in armed conflict.3 Traditionally, physicians involved in conflicts carry out their role after an episode of

in Understanding the imaginary war
American liberalism from the New Deal to the Cold War
Andrew Hartman

had seemed so promising, that had given life to such a robust reception of Marx? In comparison to Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, or Stalin’s Soviet Union, was the New Deal a more humane approach to countering the vagaries of capitalism? Answers to these questions help illuminate the fate of Marx in midcentury America. As the Great Depression gave way to another World War, which then gave way to a Cold War against the only nation deliberately organizing itself in the image of Marx’s ideas, an affirmative American reception of Marx quickly became marked by disillusion

in Marxism and America