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Dimitris Tsarouhas

6 A new Swedish model? Swedish social democracy at the crossroads Dimitris Tsarouhas Introduction Sweden has for a long time been viewed as a paradigmatic case for progressive politics. Swedish social democracy, to which the progressive character of such politics was attributed, could legitimately claim to have mastered the historic task of the revisionist Left: building a societal coalition around the goal of enhancing social welfare for all, while safeguarding the profitability of business and delivering economic growth. When economic crisis hit home in the

in In search of social democracy
Lord David Owen

13 Social democracy before and after the EU referendum Lord David Owen David Marquand and I were part of the new intake of seventy-seven Labour MPs after the sweeping 1966 general election victory. We had never met before and we first talked seriously together at the 1963 Dining Club in the House of Commons. The Club had started after Hugh Gaitskell’s tragically early death and around the table were people who all knew Gaitskell well including David, Tony Crosland, Roy Jenkins, Woodrow Wyatt and Gerry Reynolds. I was the only person in the room who had never

in Making social democrats
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Shabu Mwangi

Figure 1 New Democracy II Shabu Mwangi Shabu Mwangi’s work focuses on

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Alastair J. Reid

9780719081033_2_C08.qxd 1/20/10 9:08 Page 149 8 Robert Knight and industrial democracy While the Marxist critics of craft unionism have been prone to forcing the evidence into their interpretation of the boilermakers’ society as an extreme example of ‘class collaboration’, they have seen this as arising out of the privileged position of all its members and consequently have not been particularly concerned about the internal government of the organisation. In some contrast the social-democratic critics of craft unionism have seen the industrial strategy of

in The tide of democracy
Matt Qvortrup

8 Judicial review of direct democracy So suppose we introduce initiatives and referendums on a larger scale. Suppose that we – in one form or other – adopt a system whereby the people, or a specified proportion thereof, be allowed to introduce legislation. What would happen? What has happened elsewhere? One problem we have not considered, but which may be very relevant, is how the courts would react. In Britain, the courts cannot interfere with decisions made by the legislature under the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty, but what if it were the people who

in Direct democracy
Public expenditure, redistribution and divisions of social democratic political economy
Stephen Meredith

6 The ‘frontiers of social democracy’: public expenditure, redistribution and divisions of social democratic political economy Introduction Two abiding themes of British politics in the 1960s and 1970s were the European membership debate and British economic decline. Both played crucial roles in the dialogue and uneven progress of Labour Governments of the period, and in the wider debates of the Labour Party and British politics. These critical aspects of political debate also reveal the inherent complexity and emerging divisions of Labour’s post-war revisionist

in Labours old and new
Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie, and David Rossiter

6 How representative is our democracy? The previous three chapters have outlined changes to the British electoral system over the last two centuries. Although occasionally challenged then and since, the decisions taken during the nineteenth century to have a plurality voting system in single-­member constituencies have remained in place. What has changed, however, has been the relative importance placed on arithmetic and organic criteria in drawing constituency boundaries. Although the arithmetic criterion, with equal-­ sized electorates, was on occasions given

in Representative democracy?
Jack Saunders

3 Decentralised direct democracy, 1964–68 At their 1964 Annual General Meeting, the Longbridge joint shop stewards’ committee (JSSC) celebrated their success in unionising the factory, boasting that they were now ‘100 per cent organised’ with nearly six hundred shop stewards.1 Similar developments had taken place across the industry as worker activism created new social practices and organisations. Over the next ten years, these organisations would develop a growing reputation for militancy as, along with miners, dockers and shipbuilders, their members became

in Assembling cultures
Marcel Stoetzle

Beaumont co-authored an influential report on the American prison system and penal reform, published in 1833, and another book on America each: Beaumont wrote a social-critical novel dealing with slavery in the USA, published in 1835, and Tocqueville wrote the two volumes of Democracy in America of 1835 and 1840. Both Tocqueville and Beaumont advocated prison reform and the abolition of slavery. They are also notable for having written some of the classic liberal critiques of colonialism, including a book by Beaumont of 1839 on Ireland. Beaumont there combined

in Beginning classical social theory