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Eric James and Tim Jacoby

, over time, three drivers – technology, strategy and ethics – were important in bringing humanitarians and the military together. Thus, rather than being “new,” the relationship between humanitarians and the military can be traced to the origins of humanitarianism itself. Chapter 3 reviewed the disparate body of literature on security, international development and

in The military-humanitarian complex in Afghanistan
The challenges of compassion and the Australian humanitarian campaigns for Armenian relief, 1900–30
Joy Damousi

response to this, new methods of fundraising developed, which were premised on experiencing the refugee ordeal as much as possible and so promoting empathy through enduring and witnessing suffering that was as authentic as possible. Third, genuine efforts were made to change the Australian immigration policy towards Armenians through arguments of economics but also compassion – which were steadfastly resisted by government. Fourth, one of the striking narratives throughout the 1920s was the emergence of a form of exotic humanitarianism through eyewitness travel

in Aid to Armenia
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The cultural construction of the British world
Barry Crosbie and Mark Hampton

) and their pressure groups in challenging traditional modes of legal and economic thought and, in turn, giving rise to new political cultures within the empire; the role of humanitarianism, anti-slavery movements and literary criticism in shaping national and imperial identities; the dynamics of imperial networking, careering and the role of ‘regional’ domestic cultures in shaping ‘British’ culture

in The cultural construction of the British world
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Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

safety. It explores the distinct challenges that people on the move encountered across different member states in 2015 and 2016, and follows the frustration of many on reaching the EU. Reflecting on people's stated expectations of Europe, the chapter highlights the EU's attraction as a place that projects itself as upholding human rights and humanitarianism for people seeking safety. 2 Contrasting this with the lived experiences of people on the move across the EU, we chronicle sub-standard living conditions, a lack of

in Reclaiming migration
Jonathan Benthall

development of Islamic charities in Indonesia, colonized by the Dutch, and in Jordan, under strong British influence during and after the period of the British Mandate for Transjordan (1923–46)? *** Since the turn of the century, much has been published in English on Islamic philanthropy and humanitarianism, but almost exclusively concentrated on the Middle

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Silvia Salvatici

largely absorbed the work of the NGOs too, as shown by their intense participation in the ‘Freedom from Hunger’ campaign (1960–65), launched by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is the programme to free the world from hunger that provides a useful observation point to understand how the different parties in international humanitarianism interpreted their massive commitment to the development of the Third World. In fact, it seemed to some insiders that the work for advancement of the ‘backward’ countries distanced the humanitarian societies from their

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Anna Bocking-Welch

The Freedom from Hunger Campaign and the new humanitarian order This chapter 1 and the next are about humanitarianism as a guiding principle of international engagement. Where Chapters 2 and 3 discuss how the British public were encouraged to care about people in other countries, Chapters 4 and 5 focus on how they were encouraged to care for them. Concern for the welfare of distant strangers was not new in the 1960s, but the public's experiences of it were significantly altered by the rapid growth of the non

in British civic society at the end of empire
Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

this new ‘crisis’ footing, it also perpetuated the older dual narrative of both ‘securing borders’ and ‘saving lives’ that had already been established in the 2011 GAMM (European Commission, 2011 ). With its focus on deterring ‘would-be’ arrivals from leaving for the EU in order to reduce deaths at sea, this confusing blend of securitised-humanitarianism became the defining hallmark of the European Commission's narrated response to the ‘crisis’ (see Chapter 3 ). This was typified by Operation Sophia, part of the EUNAVFOR MED military task force which, from June

in Reclaiming migration
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Bioprecarity in the context of humanitarian surgical missions
Nancy Worthington

, where the medical procedures required to extend life have unknown future implications, and vulnerability for others, where recovery from surgery is prolonged or undermined by unstable, ill-equipped health systems. In developing my argument, I also take my cue from a long line of critical anthropologists who write about humanitarianism’s unintended, paradoxical effects. Many anchor their analyses in Giorgio Agamben’s ( 1998 ) concept of bare life, life that has been reduced to its naked and bare form in places of exclusion. While critical of aspects of Agamben

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
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Anne Ring Petersen

world, the global increase in forced migration does give reason for serious concern about the growing stigmatisation of irregular migrants and refugees as ‘crimmigrant’ others (Aas), and about the ways in which the securitisation and fortification of borders increase the citizenship gap and jeopardise migrants’ lives by forcing them to undertake perilous journeys. Such concerns gave impetus to Chapter 6, Conclusion which examined the nexus of forced migration, border control, securitisation and humanitarianism through the lens of some contemporary works of art

in Migration into art