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Daniel Owen Spence

North Sea, the rapidly expanding Imperial German Navy forced the Admiralty to recall warships from overseas stations. This was partly offset by the 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance, which left the defence of Britain’s Australasian territories to the Imperial Japanese Navy. More significantly, this represented a point when the Royal Navy was unable to meet its imperial commitments single-handedly. At the

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
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After the Kyoto conference
Shizuka Oshitani

10 Epilogue: after the Kyoto conference The adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in December 1997 brought global warming politics to the next stage. With legally binding specific GHG reduction targets allocated to developed countries and as many of them had failed to control their emissions of carbon dioxide, efforts at reducing GHG emissions were strengthened in many developed liberal democracies. Japan, which failed to achieve its 2000 target, and Britain, which was one of the few countries to meet its targets, are not exceptions. I will briefly examine major policy

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
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Lessons from overseas
Colin Copus

-holder is granted institutional strength and political resources; strong mayors, and for than matter any politician, are effective only if the holder of the office is up to the job – and the choice about the qualities required and the candidates who display them should rest with the voter. Japan and the directly elected political leader Japanese local government has a position that is clearly recognised within the country’s constitution, adopted in 1946, which contains an article in chapter 8 that declares ‘respect’ for the notion of local autonomy and its principles. The

in Leading the localities
Alexis Heraclides
Ada Dialla

those of European extraction, and treaties with states outside Europe (and America) were unequal, with the sovereignty and independence of the Ottoman Empire, China, Siam, Persia and Japan thereby limited. 13 Civilization linked with progress ‘became a scale by which the countries of the world were categorized into “civilized”, barbarous and savage spheres’, 14 a distinction adhered to by Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws , 15 which was common among

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Emily Horton

). In Ishiguro's first novel, A Pale View of Hills ( 1982 ), this migratory understanding of memory underpins the narrative structure, where a focus on retrospection and revision complicates the representation of diasporic selfhood in ways that reinforce this split or ‘in-between’ reality, underlining the conflicting affects attached to home and host countries, and the migratory quality of memory itself. The fragmented first-person narrative recounts a Japanese woman, Etsuko's, recollections of postwar Japan from the perspective of her present residence in early

in Kazuo Ishiguro
Caroline Reeves

On 5 March 1895, word spread through the north Chinese port city of Niuzhuang that the Japanese army was on its way to take the city. 1 The Japanese had already conquered and devastated much of northern Manchuria in the Sino-Japanese war of 1894–5, and the Chinese civilians who had not yet fled Niuzhuang prepared what they could against the looming threat. 2 Scottish medical missionary Dr Dugald Christie, a prominent figure in China’s European-led first wave of the Red Cross Movement described the terror in the city: In the main street we noticed a very

in The Red Cross Movement
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The US Army and internal security in the Pacific, 1902–1940
Brian McAllister Linn

schools of this sort (service against an inferior enemy) are of little value and usually result in false deductions and a confidence which spells disaster when called upon to play the real game. 31 The Japanese threat Wood’s comment reflected the US Army’s growing awareness that it now faced an enemy far more

in Guardians of empire
Rebecca Karni

Making sense of worlds of ambiguous, ambivalent, treacherous and often contradictory signs as well as of silences and pauses emerges as a central concern for both narrator-protagonists and readers of Kazuo Ishiguro's novels. These slippery signs and the deceptive surface transparency of the author's prose, in addition to his Japanese background, have compelled many readers to attribute to the narratives’ blanks and ambiguities the kinds of meanings on the levels of character, culture, aesthetics and ethics that Ishiguro's texts so intriguingly

in Kazuo Ishiguro
Ory Bartal

4 Mujirushi Ryohin and the absence of style Mujirushi Ryohin is a lifestyle brand entrenched in Japanese consumer culture, which in 2012 was dubbed by the Japanese lifestyle magazine Brutus Casa a ‘lifestyle operating system’.1 However, the company’s first incarnation was as a very modest yet critical food and household product line in Seiyu Stores supermarkets. Wishing to offer consumers inexpensive quality products, the company adopted a new initiative based on the use of waste and untapped raw materials, simplifying the production process, and eliminating the

in Critical design in Japan
Pierre-Yves Donzé

all countries. Between 1914 and 1937, world production increased from 26.1 million to 48.5 million watches (see table 4.1 ). Switzerland strengthened its leading position, with a world market share of around 50% in 1937. This relative increase was mainly to the detriment of the United States, whose position as the second watchmaking nation was not, however, called into question. Indeed, watch production in Germany and France grew only slightly. The main change during these two decades was the strong development of watch manufacturing in Japan, a success that was

in The business of time