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Mikael Klintman

excellence, is that ‘there is no such thing as a free lunch’. 2 No activity is strictly speaking free – someone has to pay with time or money. The moment you find Jules Verne’s classic book Around the World in Eighty Days on the street, pick it up, walk to a park bench, and start learning about countries and cities, your meter starts ticking. How could this be? According to any economist, spending time and effort – if not money – on reading and learning entails an ‘opportunity cost’ (the cost of the missed opportunity of doing something else). Instead of reading that

in Knowledge resistance
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Cosmologies of wealth and power in Mongolia
Rebecca Empson

different modes of action and subjectivity. Indeed, people in Mongolia comment that sometimes money seems to appear, almost as if from nowhere, like magic, in the hands of the most unlikely people. This chapter1 explores the way in which wealth is achieved – across multiple spheres – through the enactment of a particular relationship. Following Sneath (2006) I refer to this as the ‘master-custodian’ relationship. In so doing, I focus on the way in which this relationship is enacted in the procurement of money through bank loans and the harnessing of fortune through

in Framing cosmologies
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The challenge of defending Britain
Michael Clarke

-evidently right answers as to what Britain’s overall security policy should be. But the defence element within that security policy is not so obscure that it cannot be clearly understood, even though it is normally surrounded by specialist jargon and high-technology responses. The essential anatomy of what governments call ‘defence policy’ is not difficult to categorise, and the six chapters that follow examine each essential element in turn. It consists of the money that is allocated to it; the equipment the armed forces

in The challenge of defending Britain
Susan Strange

Chapter 3 Some other interpretations In the last chapter, I suggested that the roots of the world’s economic disorder are monetary and financial; that the disorder has not come about by accident, but has in fact been nurtured and encouraged by a series of government decisions. This view is shared by a few, but not by all, whether they write for the press, the academic journals or in books. If we look beyond the literature that deals specifically with money and finance, we find a much wider range of interpretations of the causes of our present troubles. To

in Casino Capitalism
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D. A. J. MacPherson

questions about women’s activism and identity in the British world during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Orangewomen became active agents in the public life of their immediate communities and beyond. Working for the Orange Order, women subverted the ‘tea and buns’ stereotype that characterised many men’s perception of their role in the organisation. While raising money for Orange causes, such as maternity ward cots in Glasgow or the orphanage for Protestant children at Indian Head, Saskatchewan, Orangewomen were also engaged in important public activism. The

in Women and the Orange Order
Open Access (free)
Svante Norrhem and Erik Thomson

, discipline, and supply. Ambassadors and theorists invented more elaborate methods of demonstrating the justice of their sovereigns’ claims. They also devised new forms for sovereigns to co-operate. Tax-collectors, projectors, bankers, and entrepreneurs proposed new ways to provide the money and resources to sustain these wars, usually by increasing the taxes and other impositions demanded of subjects who often had meagre margins of survival. 1 Johannes Burkhardt, ‘Die Friedlosigkeit der Frühen Neuzeit: Grundlegung einer Theorie der Bellizität Europas’, Zeitschrift für

in Subsidies, diplomacy, and state formation in Europe, 1494–1789
Hugh Cunningham

and that the state should take over responsibilities that had hitherto been those of charity and philanthropy. In a word, it had failed. There were also three new competing versions of philanthropy. One stressed personal service to the poor as the hallmark of philanthropy. The second looked to a spread of employer philanthropy. And the third trumpeted what big money could contribute to resolving social ills and in providing an urban cultural infrastructure. These attempts to sustain or rebrand philanthropy failed to halt a striking decline in its prevalence in

in The reputation of philanthropy since 1750
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Gabriel Feltran

reciprocity with her neighbours – called ‘familiarity’ (‘conhecimento’) in the favelas – which helped her to adapt to São Paulo. Familiarity brought odd jobs as a 104 FELTRAN 9781526138248 PRINT.indd 104 13/01/2020 08:28 Coexistence cleaner, and in 1992 Ivete had enough money and courage to try to bring her children from Bahia to São Paulo. She travelled to Salvador and learned that she had already lost legal custody of the children years earlier. She returned to São Paulo without the boys and spent three more years without seeing them. In 1994 she finally got a stable

in The entangled city
Jonathan Gershuny

- service economy’, the subtitle of my 1978 book: ‘economy’ in this context, of course not denoting any sort of independent sphere of economic action (though the Greek origin of the term meant literally ‘household’ in the grand sense of ‘landed estate’). It was always clear to me that, in general, only those with secure paid employment would have the money to buy the domestic capital equipment and materials. This was simply a mechanism for acquiring some final services without the involvement of some specific sorts of paid final service labour: a contrast, in short, to

in Revisiting Divisions of Labour
Simha Goldin

festivals and celebrations. They were free to come and go, to walk in the city streets, to travel on roads, often on their own. One of the sages admonished a woman who was arguing with a gentile about the amount of a loan when she expressed her willingness to swear before him. In other words, the woman negotiated with the non-Jew, argued with him, and finally convinced him. ‘My wife controls the money,’ one

in Jewish women in europe in the middle ages