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Caroline Rusterholz

] essentially international and [she] got to know these people in Zurich’. 23 They were not exceptions in Britain; several male scientists, such as London's eugenics leader, Carlos Paton Blacker, who intervened in the 1930 Zurich conference, were also present. Male scientists still held highly visible positions in the conference and were in the majority as speakers; they included Abraham Stone, vice-president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America; Professor Whelpton from the Scripps Foundation for Research in

in Women’s medicine
The activist artist challenging the ever-present colonial imagination
Claudia Tazreite

include evidence of policies and practices premised on a politics of eugenics, integral historically to colonising logics and practices. These practices in different national contexts, were accompanied by detailed evidence and documentation, including drawings, images, and photographs, which show the people who were segregated, detained, and at times annihilated. The biopolitical nature of the coercive policies and actions of state schemes that politicise life 1 result, in some cases, in a ‘social death’, in others in a ‘slow death’ of targeted populations, and in

in Art and migration
Lindsey Earner-Byrne

the late 1920s the high infantmortality rate in Ireland was accepted with a curious mix of apathy and stoicism.71 Concern was slow to emerge, owing primarily to a sense of fatalism and an underlying suspicion that debility was the cause. The notion of debility was frequently used to defend the high infant-mortality rate among illegitimate babies.72 The Eugenics movement did not take hold in any major way in Catholic Ireland73 Nonetheless, social commentators and doctors did indulge in eugenic semantics and it was often hinted that a belief in the ‘survival of the

in Mother and child
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

’ policy in China and even eugenics and ‘ethnic cleansing’. eugenics The ‘science’ of selective breeding by promoting the reproduction of ‘desirable humans’ and preventing the creation of the ‘less desirable’. Eugenics was widely supported by people of all political persuasions, left and right, prior to the Second World War and Nazi eugenics which discredited its

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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Tattoos, transgenics, and tech-noir in Dark angel
Will Slocombe

past before such colonisation and because the symbol of the barcode is the only feature uniting their disparate bodies and experiences together. FROM TRANSGENICS TO EUGENICS Given the politics of the barcode that Dark angel explores, especially in relation to tattoos, it is perhaps no surprise that it also attempts to examine the issue of branding. In Season 2, a breeding cult called the Conclave is introduced. The Conclave is also a genetic breeding programme, but rather than genetic manipulation through science

in Tattoos in crime and detective narratives
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Costa-Gavras and microhistoriography: the case of Amen. (2002)
Homer B. Pettey

observed from the top of institutional wall by a group of mentally retarded Germans. The camera then follows these individuals through their removal to a medical facility, their codification, and processing, their being stripped naked, and finally their execution by exposure to carbon monoxide gas. Eugenics served a twisted logic of Nazi scapegoating for the purposes of Aryan racial purity, which was first tried out at an asylum for the mentally ill at Mogilev near Minsk in 1941. 13 Gerstein's own niece was among this group of victims. Her death and the resultant

in The films of Costa-Gavras
African American physicians in television period dramas
Kevin McQueeney

doctor at the hospital – Everett Gallinger (Eric Johnson) – is performing vasectomies on boys with mental development disabilities as part of the eugenics movement. When Edwards presents this information to the board, the all-white members not only express their support of eugenics, but inform Edwards that new investors – the hospital is planning to move to an uptown location, closer to wealthier patients – do not want a

in Diagnosing history
British fascism and artistic modernism
Thomas Linehan

the sinister realm of eugenics, for during the interwar years, as we know only too well, some varieties of fascism and national socialism would actively seek to achieve the unthinkable, the eugenic elimination of perceived ‘ugliness’ in human life, as well as in art. 64 The British fascist temperament, then, eschewed abstract and stylised art. Rather, it tended to favour the classical and representational, such as in the figurative sculpture of classical Antiquity or the genre paintings of native artists such as Allan Ramsay and David Wilkie. The ex-BUF activist

in British Fascism 1918-39
Open Access (free)
Chris Toumey

shows us that Faith 257 certain Christian leaders felt that they needed to control film content, and later to merely evaluate it, especially cinematic depictions of science. Topics of sexually transmitted diseases, birth control, eugenics, evolution and psychiatry aroused their disapproval, which would then lead to government bodies that would channel religious sentiment into government censorship. It is a relief to me that Kirby and Chambers do not try to measure movie science against realistic science. That might have been tempting, but it would have distracted

in Science and the politics of openness
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Saul Dubow

generally, scientific racism, eugenics and social Darwinism have been shown to have played important roles in justifying white supremacy. 6 Whether considered in instrumental terms as a direct technique of domination, as a tool of Mammon, or in a more refined Foucauldian manner, as an implicit form of ideological mastery and control, the relationship between scientific knowledge and political or economic

in Science and society in southern Africa