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Work, play, and criticism
Sara Lodge

a principal target of nineteenth-century social critique is the effect on human lives of the labour conditions imposed by industry, and the vulnerable economy of the family itself, play represents a figured escape from and counterdiscourse to those conditions. Hood’s engagement with childhood and his appeal to the child in the adult reader are integrally related to his opposition to a culture where the liberty of the human body can be forfeit to ‘want of L. S. D.’ and the control exerted by an exploitative labour market threatens the native and commonly held

in Thomas Hood and nineteenth-century poetry
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There’s more than one show in town
Andrew Bowman, Ismail Ertürk, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal, and John Law

natural resources, and the community affected by these activities. It may cover labour conditions, environmental standards, the sharing of economic benefits and other locally important concerns such as the protection of sacred sites (Socialicense undated; miningfacts.org undated). Our suggestion is that something comparable to the more formal version of mining social license might be applied to firms and sectors in the foundational economy. Here we are working by analogy. The extractive industries seek immobile natural resources, but so too do private sector operators

in The end of the experiment?
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Disease, medicine and empire
David Arnold

–79, I. R. Phimister, ‘African labour conditions and health in the Southern Rhodesian mining industry, 1898–1953’, in I. R. Phimister and C. van Onselen, Studies in the History of African Mine Labour in Colonial Zimbabwe , Gwelo, 1987; R. M. Packard, ‘Tuberculosis and the development of industrial health policies on the Witwatersrand, 1902

in Imperial medicine and indigenous societies
Debating the ‘lascar question’
Frances Steel

unknown. 47 Following reports of abuse, Fiji’s plantations were monitored ‘with excruciating exactitude’, as John Kelly discusses, with statistics gathered on work rates, absences, wages, birth, death and crime rates, education and return passages. 48 By contrast, the recruitment processes of lascars in port and the labour conditions on board ship

in Oceania under steam
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Maritime men in an iron world
Frances Steel

freedoms. In the steam age, sailors began to forge more regular and stable connections to family, mixed more often with non-seafarers and had the opportunity to compare their labour conditions more directly with workers ashore. As a result, she argues, they challenged the stereotype of the wayward, drunk, irresponsible seafarer and opposed increased state regulation of wage

in Oceania under steam
Mark Hampton

was similarly noted in a 1978 New Statesman article that pointed out that nearby Macau attracted two million Hong Kong visitors per year to its casinos. 97 Victorian values and their discontents Hong Kong’s labour conditions attracted the periodic attention of social reformers and manufacturing interests in Britain. In the mid-1960s, Elsie

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
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Mark Hampton

–1941’, Past & Present 171 (2001): 161–202; Shuk-wah Poon, ‘Dogs and British Colonialism: The Contested Ban on Eating Dogs in Colonial Hong Kong’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 42 ( 2014 ): 308–28. In addition, ‘sweatshop’ labour conditions were to a limited extent ameliorated in the early 1960s, in part because of metropolitan

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Mary Chamberlain

TNA, CO 28/327/14. Bushe to Stanley, 12 Jan., 1943. 41 BA, LT/S/13. Major G. St J. Orde-Browne, the Labour Adviser to the Secretary of State, in his report Labour Conditions in the West Indies, 5 Mar. 1940, once again pointed out the levels of race tensions in Barbados, warning that the

in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
The British, the Americans, the War and the move to Federation
Mary Chamberlain

Feb. 1940. 20 Anglo-American Commission, The Caribbean Islands and the War: A Record of Progress in Facing Stern Realities (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943). 21 BA, GH/3/5, LT/S/13. Labour Conditions in the

in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
Balancing, accommodation or driver of change?
María J. García

situation. Colombia's government will have to report annually on labour standards to the OECD, and developments will be monitored by the OECD General Secretariat alongside trade unions for eight years (CUT 2018 ). These additional requirements, in spite of the positive view of all twenty-three OECD Committees which enabled the invitation for Colombia to accede to go ahead on 30 May 2018 (OECD, 2018 ), show continued concerns over the need to improve labour conditions in the country. The FTA roadmaps, and the measures adopted in the FTA with the EU

in Latin America–European Union relations in the twenty-first century