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Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

focusing on furniture and furnishings. Among other things, this entailed installing softer lighting, distributing simple materials to filter the harsh florescent bulbs, erecting divides to address the lack of privacy and adding splashes of colour and comfort throughout. It was, I immediately felt, an important if modest idea. The three Viennese projects were simple but effective, cheap but transformative, fast but sensitive. They had been implemented with small amounts of money

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

refugee women through artisanal entrepreneurship. We then introduce Carol Bacchi’s ‘what is the problem represented to be’ (WPR) approach, pointing to its significance in identifying stereotypical representations of the refugee woman in humanitarian discourse. We also discuss our material, which is collected in digital settings. Thereafter we analyse the problem representations of the refugee woman within the two cases, the assumptions that underpin them as well as their

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

. Implementation of IPC measures in care homes. The teams who visited the care homes designed protocols for the segregation of residents. All structures differed from one another, each of them presenting different challenges to reduce transmission between people. MSF designed new ways of working that considered the movement of people and material through the facilities to reduce the spread of infection. MSF developed user-friendly training materials, adapted to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

determine the international response required, and the Humanitarian Data Exchange (HDX) amalgamates different datasets into one easy-to-access open platform, to name but three. These quantitative measures are the result of an ensemble of material, logistical, conceptual, sociological, institutional, ideological and historical processes. And, in turn, they wield a considerable amount of power: dictating flows of international aid, prioritising certain humanitarian problems over

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

the age of data colonialism ( Couldry and Mejias, 2019 ). 5 Wearables are understood as a form of ‘techno-science’ that contributes to the production of legible, quantifiable and consumable bodies, and which makes possible ordering practices that are materially productive of aid, but which may also create new protection needs for the digital/physical beneficiary body ( Asdal et al. , 2007 ; Jacobsen and Sandvik, 2018 ). Little critical scholarly attention has been

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

described different tactics to the process, either choosing to go through the OFAC process first and UNSC exemption second or vice versa. Tracking the outcome of other organisations’ exemption processes emerged as a useful tool, with interviewees explaining that they knew to apply for exemptions for certain materials due to the experiences of other humanitarian groups. The administrative burden was a common theme in interviews. Concerns ranged from time spent on applications and money for lawyers, to a lack of clarity in the various processes. The ability of small

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

everything in the economic sphere and its disintegration of tradition in the social sphere. Globalisation has uprooted people symbolically as well as materially. A growing ‘impulse’ for social protection has received little response from the receding welfare state. 3 In the absence of an economic resolution, the assertion of cultural sovereignty has become a fuite en arrière – a retreat, to nostalgic fantasies of grandeur, fascistic tropes of national belonging and religious fundamentalisms. 4 Ressentiment has given rise to diverse anti

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

sector, Lawson highlights four strands of critique. Firstly, he highlights the implications of quantification for knowledge production raising questions about the definitional and logistical challenges with counting in the humanitarian arena. He argues that it is important to carry out ethnographic and material analyses to understand the fascination with data and information technology. Secondly, drawing in part on the work of Dan Maxwell and others, he argues that it is vital we interrogate the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

with the express purpose of engaging in a dialogue on civilian protection ( Bradley, 2013 ; 2016: 162–8). By contrast, for many other agencies dialogue is used much more, if not exclusively, as part of an acceptance strategy to secure access for humanitarian staff and material aid ( Bradley, 2016 : 163; Collinson and Duffield, 2013 : 18). Many humanitarian agencies occasionally criticise authorities and other actors publicly. They may do so with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

) driving and informal buying and selling. A daily income of 200 pesos (£2.90) is the norm, less than the national minimum wage. None of them owns the land, occasionally renting, more normally describing themselves as squatters, living informally on private or government property. Due to their lack of secure land tenure, most are reluctant to invest in durable houses and so timber, plywood and corrugated iron sheeting are the commonest building materials. Nevertheless, the fear of eviction – until recently – was not an immediate concern. Since Typhoon Haiyan, this

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs