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Sagarika Dutt

efforts to achieve them. The future of secularism Secularism can mean equal and due respect for all religions and faiths or the separation of the state from the church.The preamble to the constitution of India says that India is a ‘secular democratic republic’. One of the fundamental rights guaranteed to the people of India by the constitution is the right to freedom of religion. There are three restrictions on the exercise of this right: it should not adversely affect public order, morality or health. The democratization of Indian politics However, communal riots

in India in a globalized world
Eoin Daly and Tom Hickey

have experienced deep antagonisms with organised religions, republican thinkers have tended to advocate a constitutional separation between civil and religious authority. Principles of constitutional secularism have been formulated and defended with reference to a number of distinctive republican concerns. However, different strands of the republican tradition have offered contrasting and somewhat contradictory justifications for the constitutional separation of Church and State. To a certain extent, the principle of Church–State separation – or more generally, the

in The political theory of the Irish Constitution
Meir Hatina

writers sprang from the awareness that while Arab society was in dire need of reform, this should be predicated on its own distinctive historical experience rather than the experience of the West. At the same time, these writers embraced modernity in all its forms—individualism, rationalism, representation, and secularism—as universal values that any society could adopt. In this way, liberal discourse sought to extricate itself from an innate contradiction: adopting Western culture while ignoring its repressive colonialist baggage. Proponents of this approach included

in Arab liberal thought in the modern age
Sagarika Dutt

established and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.3 The BJP’s election manifesto of 1996 (the year in which it emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha and formed a coalition government) stated unequivocally that the ‘BJP is committed to the concept of one nation, one people, one culture’, and asserted that its nationalistic vision is defined by the nation’s ancient cultural heritage; ‘from this belief flows our faith in cultural nationalism which is the core of Hindutva

in India in a globalized world
A resource for a journey of hope?
Stephen Yeo

best known by historians as a pioneer of secularism (a term he invented) and for his self-defence in the last trial for blasphemy in Britain.2 He never cut and ran from any movement but, in summary, his life journey ran: from Owenite co-operative socialist to sceptical Chartist, to campaigner for fair trade in knowledge to secularist, to radical co-operative Liberal to radical Liberal co-operator. As soon as secularists looked like they might become as dogmatic in their atheism as their opponents were in their theism, he turned his attention back to co

in Mainstreaming co-operation
Open Access (free)
Cécile Laborde

in this direction in this chapter through an elucidation of the meaning of the pivotal concept invoked throughout the headscarves debate, laïcité – for which the best (if unsatisfactory) translation remains ‘secularism’. Although the word itself did not appear until the end of the nineteenth century, the origins of laïcité are usually traced back to the French revolution, which brutally accelerated a century-long process of autonomisation of the civil government from the Catholic Church. After a century of veiled confrontation and failed compromise between the two

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Annedith Schneider

discussion of the headscarf controversy, argues that it is not the specificity of the headscarf, but ‘Islam’s public presence that is regarded as excessive’ (Yeğenoğlu 2012: 129). The public presence of Christianity, Politics and belonging: the music of C-it 33 however, such as the scheduling of public holidays to coincide with Christian holidays, does not cause the same concern. If, as Yeğenoğlu argues, secularism comes to be synonymous with French national identity and Islam with the foreign, the controversy is not only about protecting secularism, but also about

in Turkish immigration, art and narratives of home in France
The internal factors
Ali Riaz

secularism to be one of its founding principles and the constitution banned all religious political parties19 the state soon embarked on an Islamization process. The party which played a pivotal role in the struggle for national independence and became the first ruling party of the country, soon began to undercut the spirit of secularism. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (or Mujib), the leader of the nation and the founding president of the country, for example, declared that he was proud to be a Muslim and that his nation was the second biggest Muslim state in the world. He not only

in Islam and identity politics among British-Bangladeshis
Abstract only
Learning the languages of peace
Stanley Hauerwas

he is suggesting that the distribution of pain engendered by modern power is worse than that of pre-modern societies. Rather, he is only trying to suggest they are different. Nor is he claiming that it is an undeniable social fact that there has been an amelioration of illness and improvements in public health. He calls attention to these differences to stress ‘that more is at stake in secularism than compassion for other human beings in plural democratic societies. And nothing is less plausible than the claim that secularism is an essential means of avoiding

in Religion and rights
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

consisting predominantly of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) ( Shikaki, 1998 : 30–1). A second source of opposition to the regime consists of radical Islamists, primarily Hamas and Islamic Jihad , which also challenge its secularism and offer a competing set of legitimacy principles based upon Islamic precepts. 16 A

in Redefining security in the Middle East