our unconventional methods of surgery and post operative [sic] nursing. We have all learned a great deal here, mainly by trial and error. Necessity has created a great deal of inventiveness.’39 135 Negotiating nursing In the wars of the twentieth century, hospitals could provide valuable respite for battle-exhausted soldiers, but the injuries sustained also created the need to perform what could seem like barbaric surgical interventions.40 Nursing sisters knew that it was their ‘meticulous care in regard to asepsis at all times, in spite of hectic rushes [which
to the changing needs of the medical profession and the state. The eighteenth-century collegia medica, corporate bodies that 16 Medical societies and scientific culture controlled the practice of medicine and surgery and the sales of drugs, were replaced by local and provincial medical commissions, which not only supervised medical practice, but also advised the government on matters of public health.4 In the 1840s, centralized advisory bodies such as the Belgian Academy of Medicine (1841) and the Superior Health Council (1849) followed.5 At the same time, a
and offering a rudimentary knowledge of medicine, surgery and obstetrics. Between 1804 and 1812, some (in Antwerp, Ghent, Brussels and Liège) were individually granted recognition by the French government. In these schools the body (sick or dead) became the centre of medical training, and it was essential to see, touch and transform it. 15 These new concepts had started to
This book is the first ever concordance to the rhymes of Spenser’s epic. It gives the reader unparalleled access to the formal nuts and bolts of this massive poem: the rhymes which he used to structure its intricate stanzas.
As well as the main concordance to the rhymes, the volume features a wealth of ancillary materials, which will be of value to both professional Spenserians and students, including distribution lists and an alphabetical listing of all the words in The Faerie Queene. The volume breaks new ground by including two studies by Richard Danson Brown and J. B. Lethbridge, so that the reader is given provocative analyses alongside the raw data about Spenser as a rhymer. Brown considers the reception of rhyme, theoretical models and how Spenser’s rhymes may be reading for meaning. Lethbridge in contrast discusses the formulaic and rhetorical character of the rhymes.
included the rejection of sympathy as a medical doctrine, the waning influence of texts like Hudibras , and the much wider shifts in professional medical practice at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Histories of plastic surgery, including those in surgical texts, began to depict Tagliacozzi as an epoch-defying medical pioneer. The subsequent casting of his practice as ‘silenced’ by early modern prejudices has shaped histories of plastic surgery to the present day. To prepare for the return of skin-flap rhinoplasty, we will finish with
to do it? I want to do what I want to do rather than what’s good for my career. 10 Notes 1 Andrew Eaton, interview (May 2006). 2 Pamela McClintock, ‘Paramount Tries “Heart” Surgery’, Variety (21 May 2007), www
drawing attributed to Rembrandt which shows not the application of the fish-bile balm usually described in scripture, but some kind of eye surgery: ‘This scene of hands, of maneuvering and manipulation, calls to mind a properly surgical operation, which I dare not, or not yet, call graphic’ (Derrida 1993: 26). The cut made with a scalpel or stylus shows the sacrificial inscription of the trait, that is, a mark which cuts in order to make vision possible. In Die Ausgewanderten, the narrator performs a kind of surgery of the blind, but one which treats blindness by a
prayer, and even brain surgery. Some of these more invasive approaches are unlikely to be tried today, but others persist. Earlier in the book we mentioned yeshiva students. Psychiatric drugs are being given to Orthodox yeshiva students in Israel at the request of religious leaders and marriage counselors as a way of suppressing same-sex sexual feelings, so that the “patients” will find it easier to comply with rigid norms forbidding homosexual behavior. In the United States in 2015, the Obama administration argued that such sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) can
younger brother, who seems to have been under the impression that Margaret Johnson (‘Memsahib’) had the power to hand out RMP certificates, a confusion that says something about her continuing repute in the area. 13 Others decided to work as community ‘doctors’ based in villages. They had the competence to carry out basic diagnosis and treatment, providing allopathic drugs, injections and minor surgery
their ears and undergo plastic surgery to make their eyes more Western-looking – a conspicuous case of symbolic violence in Bourdieu’s sense. The Japanese have long been aware that the Chinese practise ear piercing and yet they did not adopt it from them. Some Japanese even used it as a point of distinction between us, the Japanese, and them, the Chinese. Even today older Japanese still regard it as