An Interview with Rainer Schlösser, Spokesperson of the Association of the Red Cross Museums in Germany (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der deutschen Rotkreuz-Museen)
Sönke Kunkel (SK): First of all, thank you for taking the time for this interview and thanks for the lively tour through its exhibit! I was wondering if you could perhaps first say a few words about the museum itself: How did it get started and what is it doing?
Rainer Schlösser (RS): Well, like many German Red Cross Museums, we started out with a small collection and a small room, in 2000, and then, over time, gradually expanded. In 2007, we were granted the opportunity to extend the museum to a number of rooms on the first floor, and since 2012 we have
humanitarian organisations to shift from working on the
periphery of conflicts to the heart of them. Yugoslavia, Chechnya, Rwanda and the
entire Great Lakes region of Africa became particularly high-risk areas for aid
It was during the intervention in Somalia in 1992 that the interface between
security, operational procedures and humanitarian principles became central for MdM.
The political and security climate at the time confined NGOs to urban centres across
settings is rapid; however, for that acute period, ‘normal’ is
One area which is illustrative of such acute stress on a healthcare system is
documentation. In ordinary circumstances, whether paper or electronic health records are
adopted, there is felt to be sufficient time to produce adequate documentation. In a
crisis situation, the documentation drops in priority. First and most appropriate, this
is because clinical care takes more attention. Second, however, it is often connected to
them effectively in the lead of defining MSF’s actions. However, all
sections initially agreed on the strategy elaborated in SRP1. When the Ministry
of Health called for ‘partners’ to position themselves, MSF
proposed to take the lead in case management, or the care of Ebola patients. The
intention of this choice was not explicitly documented at the time, but in later
interviews MSF staff described their ambitions as being ‘to relieve
restricted ( BOND, 2003 ). At the same time, despite agency growth and extensive efforts to
professionalise relief work, there was little commensurate increase in effectiveness ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). Growing risk aversion
and recourse to remote management, moreover, created problems of distancing and loss of
familiarity ( Healy and Tiller, 2014 ). Distracted by
debt-fuelled uncertainty, rather than an indignant citizenry, Western publics now present as so
many disillusioned, ironic spectators ( Chouliaraki,
2013 ). Diplomatic influence has also
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
that were negotiated
over time and in response to rapidly changing conditions on the ground.
A comparative approach allowed us to develop an analysis of the formation,
negotiation and rejection of the legitimacy of local, national and international
actors and interventions that had different implications for the duration of the
epidemic and the effectiveness of the response in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.
There were significant regional and national differences in local
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Sudan does not feature strongly in the database. The three reports it contains on South Sudan focus on refugee assistance programmes outside of the country. At the time of querying the database (February 2018), it was updated to 2015. The low number of results for evaluation reports was surprising, because the database included evaluation reports from 3ie, ALNAP, DANIDA, DFID, government websites, IFAD, MEASURE, Norad, OECD, SIDA, UNAIDS, UNEG, UNICEF, USAID and the World Bank. The academic literature identified in the database was also limited for South Sudan
Victor Frankenstein relates his narrative ‘marking the dates with accuracy’, determined that his improbable story will be believed. Through examining the time references, this essay reveals the extent to which the novel is preoccupied with realism and temporal accuracy and demonstrates why the time scheme of Frankenstein is a problem for critics. The narrative can be charted via a consistent and extensive system of time references provided by the three narrators. At a point near the end, Shelley is momentarily vague. Previous decisions on how to deal with this difficulty are opened up to scrutiny, and a detailed chronology of the 1831 version is proposed. Readings which have based their arguments for political or biographical significance on embedded numerology are reexamined using the new chronology.
From the time of his early adolescence until his death, traveling was one of, if not the,
driving force of James Baldwin’s life. He traveled to escape, he travelled to discover,
and he traveled because traveling was a way of knowing himself, of realizing his
This interview took place on 8 September, 1976, at the London Filmmakers’ Coop,
Fitzroy Road, London. Frampton already had a reputation as one of the major
theorist-filmmakers of the contemporary avant-garde, although his work was
comparatively little known in Britain at this time.