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A. J. Coates

seems likely to be the norm rather than the exception. A similar readiness to acknowledge shared responsibilities and common failings would mark the assessment of the way in which the war had been conducted. If war crimes have been committed Peacemaking301 bilaterally, they ought not to be judged unilaterally. At the same time, the judgement and punishment of war crimes seem essential (though who is to be punished and what form punishment should take are subject to other, often prudential, considerations – not least the urgent need to reconcile former belligerents

in The ethics of war
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Linnie Blake

subsequent months, twenty-five of Japan’s military leaders were tried for war crimes by the Military Tribunal of the Far East – seven were hanged while local military commissions condemned a further 920 war criminals to death and over 3,000 to prison.2 But further trauma to Japanese self-image was to follow as, until 1952, Japan’s entire cultural tradition was subject to radical and enforced transformation at the hands of the American Occupation. Introducing a new constitution, the Americans revised the education system ‘with the aim of eliminating propaganda and the

in The wounds of nations
Open Access (free)
Birgit Lang
Joy Damousi
, and
Alison Lewis

international bestseller. Der Vorleser is in many ways a fitting heir to the European literary case study of the early 1920s. At its core is a narrative about a codependent, sadomasochistic relationship between a young man and a strong, older woman. Like Döblin’s Die beiden Freundinnen und ihr Giftmord (Two Girlfriends Commit Murder by Poison) of 1924, Schlink’s novel also has a crime at its centre. However, in Der Vorleser ‘the crime’ takes the plural form of Nazi war crimes committed in occupied Poland. Ferdinand von Schirach is another contemporary writer who has continued

in A history of the case study
Sarah Glynn

of men accused of war crimes in 1971. This was expressed in protest demonstrations at the many visits of the Jamaat-e-Islami MP and charismatic preacher, Delwar Hossain Sayeedi. Ali Riaz notes how Sayeedi has played a leading role in turning traditional public gatherings for scriptural commentary, known as waz mahfils, into a vehicle for expounding on contemporary politics; and he has described how the preacher’s speeches fired his listeners with hatred for the secularists, which could erupt in violence against the protestors. Waz mahfils have been organised for

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Open Access (free)
Corpses and mass violence: an inventory of the unthinkable
Élisabeth Anstett
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

marchande de fleurs: autopsie d’un meurtre de masse 1937–1938 (Paris: Tallandier, 2009). C. Browning, The Origins of the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939–March 1942 (London: Arrow Books, 2005). A. L. Hinton, Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002); D. Bloxham, Genocide on Trial: War Crimes Trials and the Formation of Holocaust History and Memory (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003). P. Hazan, Juger la guerre, juger l’histoire: du bon usage des commissions vérité et de la

in Human remains and mass violence
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Politics, violence and resistance
Richard Jackson

lives by preventing another 9-11/Pearl Harbor, then it is acceptable behaviour. As Slavenka Drakulic expresses it, ‘once the concept of “otherness” takes root, the unimaginable becomes possible’ (Drakulic quoted in Neuffer 2001 :32). The once unimaginable has in fact, become normal in our society and we see it all around: in the failure to demand investigation into documented war crimes and atrocities

in Writing the war on terrorism
Forensic and archaeological approaches to locating the remains of Holocaust victims
Caroline Sturdy Colls

In the years since the end of the Second World War, a few exhumations have taken place at Holocaust sites for the purpose of providing evidence in legal investigations.16 In some countries  –​ such as Germany and Poland –​the crimes perpetrated during the Holocaust could still potentially become part of a legal investigation since the statute of limitations on the investigation of war crimes has not passed or does not exist.17 However, in recent years, human remains from Holocaust sites have been most commonly recovered when they have been discovered

in Human remains in society
International humanitarian law in war movies
Martyna Fałkowska-Clarys
Vaios Koutroulis

: Forgive me Sir but what the hell does that mean? CIA: It means that in our assessment the combatants we are targeting pose a grave enough threat to the United States to justify potential civilian casualties. Not to mention that this pre-emptive self-defense is approved and ordered by the administration. Please engage. Muttering ‘Orders …’, Lieutenant Colonel Johns caves and the team half-heartedly conducts the strike which of course results in more casualties. At the end of the scene, Suarez asks Lieutenant Colonel Johns ‘Was that a war crime, Sir?’. The only

in Cinematic perspectives on international law
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Leslie C. Green

by a judicial tribunal. While it is not specifically so provided, such determination should be made before any trial is instituted for the alleged offence, for if he is entitled to treatment as a prisoner of war his actions would have been those of a lawful combatant and not necessarily criminal. 59 He does, however, remain liable for any war crime he may have committed

in The contemporary law of armed conflict

This book explores the reasons and justifications for the Chinese state’s campaign to erase Uyghur identity, focusing, in particular, on how China’s manipulation of the US-led Global War on Terror (GWOT) has facilitated this cultural genocide. It is the first book to address this issue in depth, and serves as an important rebuttal to Chinese state claims that this campaign is a benign effort to combat an existential extremist threat. While the book suggests that the motivation for this state-led campaign is primarily China’s gradual settler colonization of the Uyghur homeland, the text focuses on the narrative of the Uyghur terrorist threat that has provided international cover and justification for the campaign and has shaped its ‘biopolitical’ nature. It describes how the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was able to successfully implicate Uyghurs in GWOT and, despite a lack of evidence, brand them internationally as a serious terrorist threat within the first year of the war. In recounting these developments, the book offers a critique of existing literature on the Uyghur terrorist threat and questions the extent of this threat to the PRC. Finding no evidence for the existence of such a threat when the Chinese state first declared its existence in 2001, the book argues that a nominal Uyghur militant threat only emerged after over a decade of PRC suppression of Uyghur dissent in the name of counterterrorism, facilitating a ‘self-fulfilling prophecy’ that has served to justify further state repression and ultimately cultural genocide.