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Western medicine as contested knowledge
Andrew Cunningham and Bridie Andrews

linked with Western capitalism, with the search for markets abroad and sources of raw materials, and concerned in practice as much with spreading the Western way of life and culture as with attaching the economies of other countries to the needs of the economies of the West. For the terms ‘science’ and ‘scientific medicine’ we shall be taking the current position in history of science studies, according to which ‘science’, though

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
The Royal Navy and the South Pacific labour trade
Jane Samson

Britain, through her navy, as the guardian of Christian humanity in the South Pacific. A well-known phenomenon for British social and political historians, humanitarianism in the Royal Navy has received little attention, except in the most visible context of Britain’s African anti-slavery campaign. Ever since the publication of Eric Williams’ Capitalism and Slavery in 1944, 6 humanitarianism and its role

in Guardians of empire
C. A. Bayly

put into power a true democratic ministry’. 32 Sir Henry Cotton foresaw a ‘United States of India’ in which labour was protected from the sort of abuse that was daily evident in the Assam tea plantations. Edward Carpenter 33 and Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy, the Anglo-Ceylonese, both romantic socialists, denounced the destruction of Indian industries by the evils of British capitalism. Carpenter

in The cultural construction of the British world
Open Access (free)
Bill Schwarz

world’s two hundred and fifty million Negroes, as Negroes . Padmore argued that they were exploited as a class and as ‘a nation’, though locating the ultimate source of oppression in the systems of capital. This entailed his reviving the classic marxist interpretations of imperialism, though positioning race oppression at the analytical heart of his understanding of capitalism. These theoretical

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Sue Thomas

Officer at Excal, who represents the more aggressive and dynamic masculinity of late 1950s and early 1960s British consumer capitalism. The medieval trappings Whymper gives Stone’s welfare scheme mask its efficacy as a contemporary vehicle for marketing and for the enmeshing of Whymper’s masculine individualism with consumer capitalism. 44 Whymper is more overtly and casually xenophobic, racist

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Stephen Howe

Taussig says, he was ‘fearsomely, eccentrically of both the third and the first worlds’. 2 And as Brian McKenna suggests, Cunninghame Graham’s anti-imperialism was motivated not so much by the socialism or radical-liberalism which fired most later critics of empire both in Scotland and more widely, as by a romantic anti-capitalism which led him, for instance, to view early

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
Richard Huzzey and John McAleer

. 32 Such nods to hagiography contrast starkly with the work of Eric Williams, whose views became influential from the 1960s. 33 His Capitalism and Slavery condemned British abolition as a beneficent side-effect of industrial capitalist development. His Marxist interpretation of British anti-slavery looked more to macro-economic factors

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
Travel writing and narratives of transit
Anna Johnston

and the ways in which the nation … took shape’. They also enable us to see how the settler colonies played an essential role in broader movements: imperial regimes, capitalism, globalisation, and modernity. 66 This is a distinctive role, as historians since Denoon have noted, although critics have often found it complex and uncomfortable to discern the particular nature of

in New Zealand’s empire
The problem of nomadism in German South West Africa
John K. Noyes

description of this process as it was happening at the time. Consequently, the theory of nomadism was less concerned with ethnography or anthropology, and was more about the modern mobility of capital and – more important – of labour in the expansion of Western capitalism. It was about defining and controlling mobility in terms of productivity. And it was about the development of a

in Colonial frontiers
The enforcement of the liquor laws in Hamilton, Ontario, c. 1870–1900
James L. Sturgis

workers and industrial capitalism in Hamilton, Ontario, 1850–1914 (Montreal, 1979), pp. 146–8. 7 Principally relied on in this paragraph were: Marjorie Freeman Campbell, A Mountain and a City: the story of Hamilton (Toronto, 1966); John C. Weaver, Hamilton: an illustrated history

in Policing the empire