prestige, occasionally ‘fast-tracking’ individual writers and allowing
them to apply for UNEAC membership – the new survival mode
created a new set of functions and value. With the decriminalisation
of the dollar, swiftly followed by Law-Decree No 145 (November 1993),
on labourconditions for creators of literary works (www.min.cult.
cu/loader.php?sec=legislacion&cont=decretoley145), writers now had
unprecedented freedom to seek contracts outside state mechanisms.
The theme of money and culture in the Special Period has been amply
discussed outside Cuba (Fernandes, 2003
people wholeheartedly. They are ruthless to the enemy, but kind to the people’ (Chen Xitong, then Mayor of Beijing, in Yi Mu and Thompson, 1989: 75).
We have tended to romanticise Tiananmen in a way that we do not romanticise the extraordinarily high proportion of indigenous and black people in the prisons of many states, for example, or the sale of women into prostitution or abusive labourconditions. This is because Tiananmen echoes so pointedly an idealisation of themes running through our own political mythos. In the words of George Hicks
Beatrice Webb, vol. 4 (London: Virago,
1985), p. 190.
J.M. Winter, ‘The Webbs and the Non-White World: A Case of Socialist Racialism’,
Journal of Contemporary History, 9:1 (1974), 181.
Ashbee, Memoirs, vol. 5, p. 102.
George Mansur, the former secretary of the Arab Labour Federation, gave evidence to
the Peel Commission on labourconditions and the Histadrut. It took nine months for
him to get a hearing from the Advisory Committee on Imperial Questions. The
The British left and Zionism
with some authority that ‘The kind of uproar
that Dundee industrialists often caused in the 1890s over labourconditions in Calcutta became a matter of the past in the twentieth
But the Dundee agitation of the 1890s over working
conditions in Calcutta was only the first shot in the political and
verbal wars against the Bengal industry. Dundee manufacturers returned
Labourconditions in cocoa farming have recently come
under scrutiny following accusations of child slavery. In April 2001, a
ship arriving at Benin was thought to be carrying child slaves from
Nigeria. This brought the international spotlight onto the exploitation
of child labour, resulting in a pact signed by several chocolate
manufacturers, human rights groups and the Ivory Coast government to end
Convict servitude and the reworking of the private sphere, c.1817–42
and an assault upon the labourconditions, freedom and
independence of convicts. As we saw in chapter three, until the early
1820s, most convicts made their own housing and domestic arrangements,
and consequently they were relatively free to live and work as they
chose, particularly in their own time. The opening of convict
institutions like the Hobart barracks in the early 1820s marked the
of women’s labourconditions, the installation stressed the clarity and visibility of information.
At the centre of Women and Work is a longitudinal study and corporate archive
for the Metal Box Company. The research was performed and the installation
was produced to give people a way to see how women figure into capitalist
production. On the walls were maps, data sets, time cards, copies of legislation,
and company statistics (such as how often workers see the doctor). There were
also photographs of the various kinds of work performed at the factory, which
gouvernment dans la
Renaissance’, Social Science: Information sur les sciences
sociales , 15 (1976): 601–23.
Mollat and Wolff, The Popular
Revolutions , pp. 142–61
Raymond de Rooner, ‘LabourConditions in
January 1948, p. 1.
190 ‘Suggestion to Improve Native LabourConditions’, Rhodesia Herald , 9 April 1948, p. 11.
191 Vambe, Rhodesia to Zimbabwe , p. 245.
192 Lessing, Going Home , p. 252.
193 Granite Review , December 1942, p. 12.
194 Minutes of the 1946 RRWU Conference , p. 149.
195 ‘African Trade Unions’, RRR , November 1946, p. 3.
196 Samkange, ‘Rhodesia Labour Party’, pp. 53–90.
197 ICOMM: pp.zw.srlp. 1, Memo Re. Split SRLP from RLP, p. 1.
198 ICOMM: pp.zw.rlp.RLP.1938, Constitution, p. 2.
200 ‘The Labour Party vs
. Many firms are improving this but many more
require to give the matter very careful attention.’ Bonar
concluded that ‘Welfare in the Jute Trade must be admitted to be
still in its embryonic state.’ 39 Whenever the Dundee mills were criticised on
these labourconditions, they replied that ‘the industry has done
all it can and needs some assurance of protection against