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Bernadette Connaughton

, monitoring public water supplies and ensuring the quality and security of drinking water. Local authorities are responsible for monitoring group water schemes and regulated small private supplies. The EPA undertakes the environmental regulation of Irish Water, testing and water audits. Under the drinking water regulations, Irish Water must notify the EPA of failures or risks to public health from a public water supply. The Commission for Energy Regulation is the independent economic regulator for Irish Water and public water services. The EPA also has the remit for river

in The implementation of environmental policy in Ireland
Gene-expression profiling in early-stage breast cancer
Anne Kerr, Choon Key Chekar, Emily Ross, Julia Swallow, and Sarah Cunningham-Burley

(Moreira 2011: 1334 ), with the entitlements and ‘moral worth’ of patients forming part of the evidence that stakeholders mobilise alongside practitioners’ and regulators’ responsibilities to deliver value for money for the health service as a whole (Moreira 2011: 1338 ). As Abraham ( 1995 ) and Davies and Abraham ( 2013 ) have shown, pharmaceutical companies influence regulatory processes affecting their products, including via funding clinical trials and working with regulators to speed up the approvals process. However, research has also shown

in Personalised cancer medicine
A review of the literature
Claudio M. Radaelli and Fabrizio De Francesco

measure the impact of the extent of regulation on macroeconomic performance, and thus it can be considered an indicator of real-world outcome. Even assuming that this indicator is reliable, it is difficult to think that through this indicator policy-makers and regulators can evaluate the quality of better regulation policy. In conclusion, this indicator does not look promising. However, in the debate on EU simplification an argument has often been made that the EU’s plans for better regulation should include a reduction in the number of pages of the acquis communautaire

in Regulatory quality in Europe
Jonathan Benthall

realistic rights of defence or appeal. The overreaction against Islamic charities had, he argued, a number of adverse effects: blockages in the flow of aid to beneficiaries; a reduction in donations; recourse by donors to transactions outside the purview of banking regulators; suspicions directed against bona fide charities; aggravated pressure on the resources of the few Islamic

in Islamic charities and Islamic humanism in troubled times
Open Access (free)
Oonagh McDonald

with CDSs and regulators allowed financial institutions to set aside less capital if they had bought such protection. That alone was a major reason for the increased demand for credit default swaps. In a market in which CDSs are often sold and resold amongst parties, there are risks. Buyers may not be as financially sound as they should be to cover the obligation when there is a credit event, especially without collateral. To take account of this, the New York Federal Bank advised counterparties to inform their trading partners when the contract

in Lehman Brothers
Oonagh McDonald

affected by geopolitical and other events of all kinds, such as wars and rumours of wars, macro-economic developments and fears of recession. The gold and silver markets have long been plagued with rumours of manipulation, whether by central banks or particular banks, states or wealthy individuals. However, in the context of the financial crisis and the discovery of extensive manipulation of LIBOR and the foreign exchange market, it was essential that regulators conducted thorough investigations, even when, in the case of the UK’s FCA, they had no regu­ latory

in Holding bankers to account
Open Access (free)
Science, activism, and policy concerning chemicals in our bodies
Phil Brown, Vanessa De La Rosa, and Alissa Cordner

so far provide us with an overview of toxic trespass. With that in hand we now turn to a case study of a major new set of chemical contaminants, a case that shows the many intersections between environmental activism, scientific discovery, and the many social, political, and economic factors that are central to chemical hazards. Case study: per- and polyfluorinated compounds PFAS are a class of chemicals that has become a contaminant of concern for residents and activists, regulators, and many industry representatives due to its persistence, widespread exposure

in Toxic truths
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Ambitious architecture, flawed rules
David Hine and Gillian Peele

11 Party funding: ambitious architecture, flawed rules Introduction: public interest beyond public office-holders Parties present special problems for ethics regulators. Parties are not official public institutions, so party office-holders are not technically public office-holders. Yet there is clearly a public interest in what they do, how they are organised and how they raise money. In modern democracies there is usually at least some light legal regulation of parties, but it mainly concerns public registration and transparency about who is legally responsible

in The regulation of standards in British public life
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Self-sufficiency in a globalised world
Joy Y. Zhang and Saheli Datta Burton

’ (Parliament of India, 2005a : section VIII). A committee of experts for drafting guidelines was almost immediately instituted by the ICMR to formulate guidelines. Despite the political recognition of stem cell therapy as a new scientific area, for Indian regulators, it was not seen as a new governing topic. For example, in 2002, the first draft guidelines for stem cell research had been placed on the ICMR's website for public consultation. The 2002 draft guidelines substantially mirrored the text of India's Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical

in The elephant and the dragon in contemporary life sciences
Mike Buckle and John Thompson

’ orders stockpiled before the fix so as to influence the fix price (this is termed ‘banging the close’). Regulators in the US, UK and Switzerland in November 2014 found six banks guilty of foreign exchange market manipulation and levied fines totalling £2.7 billion. Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), HSBC, JPMorgan, UBS, Citibank and Bank of America

in The UK financial system (fifth edition)