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Reproducing the discourse
Richard Jackson

So FAR I HAVE EXAMINED the primary narratives at the heart of the ‘war on terrorism’ – the way in which language constructs the events of September 11, 2001, and the way it creates identities, threats and the counter-terrorist war. In this sense, I have been examining the constituent parts that taken together make up the whole. In order to take the analysis to the

in Writing the war on terrorism
Riots and extraparliamentary participation
Matt Qvortrup

various forms of dissent (from citizen protests to terrorism), I turn to the mechanisms through which the citizenry can be consulted other than the ballot box. Citizen-initiated action Thus far I have focused discussion on two aspects of citizen politics, those which I have called ‘talking’ and ‘voting’. But, as I said in the Introduction, there is a third aspect: fighting. Though it is less celebrated that the other two, especially by those in power, it is important to acknowledge this third means of participating, not least because there are indications that people

in The politics of participation
Brazilian approaches to terrorism and counterterrorism in the post-9/11 era
Jorge M. Lasmar

Introduction More than ever, specialists are turning to regional specificities when trying to understand how particular terrorist groups think and act. Terrorist groups commonly adopt radicalized transnational ideologies and rhetoric. However, in most cases, we see that terrorist groups not only inscribe their local grievances onto the larger globalized rhetoric but also adapt their modus operandi to the regional realities of their particular theatre(s) of action. The same can be said about governmental responses to terrorism. It is

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Emma Leonard Boyle

Introduction Uganda's counterterrorism policy can only be understood in the context of President Yoweri Museveni's national and regional ambitions. Throughout his long tenure as president of Uganda, Museveni has courted the support and aid of the West in order to strengthen his position as president and to increase his stature within East Africa. While economic development dominated the 1990s in Uganda, the focus of the 2000s has been security and, more specifically, terrorism. In the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, Museveni was the

in Non-Western responses to terrorism
Bringing lessons from the past
Laura Fernández de Mosteyrín

Introduction In recent decades, Western states have overdeveloped counter-terrorist structures. Policy debates on counter-terrorism (CT hereafter) are based on problem solving, anticipation and orthodox epistemologies. As programmes for countering violent extremism (CVE) globalise ( Kundnani, 2015 ), much of what is being done across countries reproduces a policy paradigm – a set of ideas and worldviews that become hegemonic to underpin political interventions ( Hall, 1993 ). While this paradigm offers a clear-cut diagnosis of problems and solutions, it also

in Encountering extremism
Richard Jackson

There is little doubt that terrorism is now considered the greatest danger to western security since the threat of superpower confrontation at the height of the cold war. In May 2003 the G 8 Summit affirmed that terrorism remains a ‘pervasive and global threat’ (Pfaff 2003 ); more recently Eliza Manningham-Buller, the Director-General of MI5 stated that a

in Writing the war on terrorism
Security politics and British civil society
Joshua Skoczylis and Sam Andrews

Organized crime and terrorism undermine stable and predictable socio-economic and political conditions. A core function of the state is to protect its citizens and institutions. Indeed, the state should be empowered to act in the defense of its interests (Walker, 2009 ). An important aspect of the state’s safeguarding function is protection and

in Counter-terrorism and civil society
Meeting the challenge of internal security
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

‘securitisation’ of societal vulnerabilities has been matched by a relative ‘desecuritisation’ of the state’s traditional security role; viz., the defence of national territory from external attack. 1 Changes in technology, the consolidation and spread of transnational criminal organisations, and Muslim terrorism have accelerated this securitisation process. The fear of Muslim

in EU security governance
A genealogical study of terrorism and counter-terrorism discourses
Chin-Kuei Tsui

Tracing the discursive origins of ‘(violent) extremism’: terrorism, radicalisation and extremism Recently, the terms terrorism , radicalisation and extremism have been utilised interchangeably by scholars, decision makers and policy practitioners to interpret the so-called ‘terrorist threat’. The tendency is to increasingly merge these terms into a sole discursive framework that is perceived to affect the modern epistemological understanding of terrorism and the subsequent practices of countering (violent) extremism in many Western countries ( Richards

in Encountering extremism
Abstract only
Emma Louise Briant

1 Introduction Following the September 11th 2001 terrorist attacks, the so-called ‘psychological terrain’ was seen as the crucial counter-terrorism ‘battleground’ where compliance might be created or conflict influenced in Afghanistan and Iraq. Much has been written about the ‘hearts and minds’ campaigns of the governments of the United States and United Kingdom. Yet this book will illuminate an unseen story, that of the planning behind the propaganda, from the mouths of the key planners themselves. It traces their efforts to adapt propaganda systems that were

in Propaganda and counter-terrorism