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David Rieff

. If humanitarian certainties have been upended, it is not in Sri Lanka, or even Syria or Afghanistan, but in the NGO response to the migration crisis in Greece and in the Mediterranean. For here, whether they like it or not, when they rescue people at sea who are trying to get to Europe, relief NGOs are involved not just in caritative work, whose deontology is relatively straightforward ethically; here, they are important actors in a profound political struggle, whose outcome, along with the response or non-response to climate change, is likely to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Roxana Ferllini

This article presents an account of the involvement of forensic anthropology in the investigation of human rights abuses in the modern era, and the difficulties it faces with respect to lack of adequate funding, volatile settings, the presence of unexploded ordnance, corruption in governmental agencies and a lack of good will, absence of support for NGOs and the curtailment of formal judicial proceedings to effect transitional justice. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Spain, Mexico and the Northern Triangle are provided as regional examples of the problems encountered when attempting to conduct forensic anthropological investigations to locate mass graves, retrieve victims and obtain proper identifications. Interventions by various organisations are highlighted to illustrate their assistance to forensic and non-forensic individuals through technical support, training and mentoring in the areas of crime-scene management and identification techniques. Interventions in mass-grave processing when state agencies have failed, the importance of DNA banks and information from family members and witnesses are also presented.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

analysts reached the same conclusions in a series of studies on humanitarian space ( Collinson and Elhawary, 2012 ) and humanitarian negotiations, particularly in Afghanistan, Sudan and Somalia ( Jackson, 2014 ; Jackson and Giustozzi, 2012 ). In 2014, Larissa Fast published Aid in Danger ( Fast, 2014 ), a timely book reminding humanitarian organisations of their responsibility to work on internal vulnerabilities, such as individual behaviour or organisational lapses. Fast’s main intention was to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

Introduction Large-scale humanitarian emergencies are increasingly stretching the international community’s ability to meet critical humanitarian needs. This includes contexts such as Yemen, Syria, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Nigeria and Somalia, as well as many others. In many of these complex emergencies, humanitarian aid workers, medical workers and healthcare facilities are themselves targets of attack, which not only puts aid workers at risk, but can threaten the provision of humanitarian assistance when resources are either

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

’ following the 9/11 attacks, violations of international humanitarian law (IHL) have been described as ‘increasingly serious’, culminating – at the time of writing – in systematic attacks on hospitals and other civilian sites in Syria. Similar attacks in Afghanistan, Yemen and South Sudan add to the picture of once respected IHL being trampled. Some offer numbers as evidence, citing the fact that the overwhelming percentage of victims in World War I were soldiers, compared with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

. Partis-Jennings , H. ( 2019 ), ‘ The “Third Gender” in Afghanistan: A Feminist Account of Hybridity as a Gendered Experience ’, Peacebuilding , 7 : 2 , 178 – 93 , doi: 10.1080/21647259.2019.1588455 . Read , R. ( 2018 ), ‘ Embodying Difference: Reading Gender in Women’s Memoirs of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

candidates, probably because this was a new position in the NGO sector and there were few specialists. They interviewed two people with security experience in the private sector and the military; my curriculum vitae did not interest them at first. My standard humanitarian career path in NGOs and international organisations meant I had only a few months’ experience in that type of position. However, my 2002 Master’s memoire on aid workers’ security in Afghanistan (‘Quelle place

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

practical reliance on humanitarian organisations and why this is particularly significant when reporting on the Congolese conflicts, and what impact it might have on the articles being produced. Defining Journalist I should be more specific about what the word ‘journalist’ is referring to in this article. In his thesis on the influence of French military communications on media coverage of the war in Afghanistan, Romain Mielcarek

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

imperatives of the New Public Management. And NGOs used these reforms to accelerate the professionalisation of the aid sector ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). But at the turn of the millennium, there were indications of a downturn in the influence of humanitarian ideas on Western geostrategy. The strategic value of humanitarian intervention diminished as the US launched its totalising war on terror. Humanitarianism was little more than an afterthought to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Since then, despite the continued rise in donations to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

she organises into three groups by the geographical regions they come from: South East Asians (from Cambodia, Burma and Thailand), Africans and the third group, comprising Iraqis, Iranians and Afghans. She discovers differences in their ability to use telecommunications technology (e.g. telephones, fax machines and mobile phones), depending on their countries of origin, suggesting that conflict, war or government surveillance hindered their abilities. Leung also observes that exposure to new

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs