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Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

, these references also lead us into the global 1960s. It is only partly true that Biafra was the first postcolonial conflict that was discussed as a genocide – but the way these references worked changed with Biafra. Already before the American war in South East Asia, what is usually called the Vietnam War was then described as possibly genocidal. This was something that many New Leftists at least were concerned about. Some of their leading figures and intellectuals associated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

which a resurgent Russia has stepped. These are structural shifts in the sense that even the most liberal government in the US would find it hard to throw its weight around when China is always available – in South East Asia, in Africa, in Central Asia – to provide financing and diplomatic support with few strings attached (and to threaten forms of retaliation when such inducements fail). The rise of Trump can even be explained as a reaction to a sense of gathering national decline, hence his campaign slogan: ‘Make America Great Again

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

required to sustain human health and life are not recovering from growing environmental stress, natural disasters and climate-change impacts ( IFRC, 2018 ; IPBES 2019 ; Myers et al. , 2017 ; Whitmee et al. , 2015 ). The World Health Organization ( WHO, 2016 ) estimated that exposure to ‘unhealthy environments’ caused 12.6 million deaths in 2012, with South East Asia and Western Pacific bearing the highest burden, of 7.3 million deaths. In 2015, exposure to environmental

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Imperialism's new communities in East Asia, 1842-1953

In the new world order mapped out by Japanese and Western imperialism in East Asia after the mid-nineteenth century opium wars, communities of merchants and settlers took root in China and Korea. New identities were constructed, new modes of collaboration formed and new boundaries between the indigenous and foreign communities were established. This book explores two themes at the heart of the colonial process: agency and identity. The agents of British empire in China included the usual suspects: Britons from the official and military castes, as well as Iraqi Jewish merchants, Parsis and Indian Jews, Eurasians, South East Asian Chinese. The reliance of colonial regimes on local middlemen has become an essential part of any explanation of colonialism, though it is only very recently that the model has been systematically applied to Hong Kong. The Daniel Richard Caldwell affair could hardly have broken out at a more difficult time for the young and problematic British colony at Hong Kong. The book defines the ambiguous positioning of the Baghdadis vis-a-vis the British, and shows that their marginality did not represent, as a whole, a significant hindrance to their sojourn in the Shanghai foreign settlements. In Shanghai the German community recognised the leading role which the Nazi party held and which everyone, even the other foreign communities, seemed to accept. The book also looks at the aspects of their economic, social and political life that Indians led in the colony of Hong Kong and in the Chinese treaty ports.

Geopolitics and capitalist development in the Asia-Pacific
Mark Beeson

. The historical experience of the East Asian region, particularly its unparalleled, rapid and largely unexpected economic development over the last 50 years or so, has a number of important implications. Indeed, if economic development is taken as one of the most fundamental preconditions for the accomplishment of more encompassing forms of security that promote human

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
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Robert Bickers and Christian Henriot

Despite its grossly tangible historical presence, imperialism is a spectre which haunts the historiography of East Asia by its absence. Despite the redrawing of the maps, the renaming of cities, the creation of new borders, cities, countries, languages and identities, historians of China, Japan and Korea mostly content themselves with placing imperialism within nationalist narratives of subjugation, humiliation, resistance, and liberation. Historians of British or Japanese imperialism have also pared their analyses down

in New frontiers
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A colonial world
John Darwin

The studies in this book portray what is unmistakably a colonial world. They demonstrate, if proof is needed, that imperialism in East Asia was not a marginal case, nor a pale shadow of what is sometimes thought of as an African or Indian ‘norm’. Empire building was as central a feature of the region’s modern history as it was in tropical Africa or South Asia. Since the 1840s the stakes of empire had been higher, the risks greater, the rewards more enticing and the local resistance more tenacious than in almost any other

in New frontiers
Open Access (free)
Post-crisis Asia – economic recovery, September 11, 2001 and the challenges ahead
Shalendra D. Sharma

policies: Mahathir said he did it, the IMF said they did it. The truth is the natural resilience of economies did it (Paul Krugman, August 25, 1999).1 In the aftermath of East Asia’s spectacular economic collapse in mid-1997 even the most optimistic predictions gave at least a decade before Asia could fully recover.2 Yet, in early 2000, an IMF study triumphantly noted that “the financial crises that erupted in Asia beginning in mid-1997 are now behind us and the economies are recovering strongly” (IMF 2000a). Indeed, the economic recovery between the second quarter of

in The Asian financial crisis
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Bryan Fanning

15 Tales of two tigers The term ‘Celtic Tiger’ was first coined on 31 August 1994 by the author of an article in the newsletter of the American investment bank Morgan Stanley that suggested comparisons with the East Asian tiger economies.1 It was quickly adopted by Irish financial journalists and economists and soon became ubiquitous within media and political debates. In Inside the Celtic Tiger: The Irish Economy and the Asian Model (1998) Denis O’Hearn argued that the few widely agreed characteristics of tiger economies were largely descriptive and superficial

in Irish adventures in nation-building
Howard Chiang

categories that structure our thought, pattern our arguments and proofs, and certify our standards for explanation.”5 Their 4 Howard Chiang work on the construction and transformation of concepts of evidence, scientific objectivity, and personhood has fundamentally reoriented the terrain of the history and philosophy of science and medicine, proving to be an indispensable source of inspiration for a new generation of scholars. Despite this, however, scholars of East Asian science and medicine have not had the chance to come together and direct similarly inspired

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine