has a vertical incised line to the left of the back pillar,
which is not present on the Sa el-Hagar example. If the moulds used were
individually different or made in batches, then the small number of surviving
ushabtis may be too limited to supply examples of every batch of figures. Petrie
had noticed that among the 399 ushabti figures of Hor-wedja from Hawara,
dating to the 30th Dynasty, there were at least seventeen different identifiable
styles of figure, perhaps from one large workshop (Petrie 1935: 13; Janes 2012:
The content of the text is exactly
’, Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 70,
Maréchal, J. R. (1957), ‘Les outils égyptiens en cuivre’, Métaux, corrosion, industries 32,
Newberry, P. E. (1895), El-Bersheh (London: Egypt Exploration Fund).
Petrie, W. M. F. (1883), The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh (London: Field and
Petrie, W. M. F. (1890), Kahun, Gurob and Hawara (London: Kegan Paul, Trench,
Trübner, and Co.).
Petrie, W. M. F. (1891), Illahun, Kahun and Gurob (London: David Nutt).
Petrie, W. M. F. (1909), The Arts and Crafts of Ancient Egypt (Edinburgh and London:
T. N. Foulis).
of the Association for the Study of Travel in Egypt and the
Near East: Notes and Queries, 24 (2005), 11–12; P. J. Ucko, ‘The biography of a collection: the Sir Flinders Petrie Palestinian Collection and the role of university museums’,
Museum Management and Curatorship, 17 (1998), 351–99.
17 MMCM vol. 1 (24 March 1893); Hoyle, General Guide (1892); Hoyle, Handy Guide
(1895); W. M. F. Petrie, Kahun, Gurob, and Hawara (London: Kegan Paul, 1890);
Petrie, Illahun, Kahun and Gurob (London: Nutt, 1891).
18 Moser, Wondrous Curiosities.
19 MMCM vol. 1 (28 October 1892