and Jews, were wide and varying. There are of course some literary portrayals of the precise dilemmas of secularising legislation. Paul Bourget’s novel Le Divorce dramatises the harm caused by the secular dissolution of marriage. The anti-congregational laws are touched on in J. K. Huysmans’s novel L’Oblat , and are right at the heart of René Bazin’s L’Isolée , the story of a young nun, Pascale, pushed out into the world because of the closure of her convent, and who is seduced and finally murdered. 50
Among French and English Catholic
Cedric Morris, Arthur Lett-Haines and the decorative ideal
), p. 20.
104 Bernard Reynolds in Grace and Reynolds, Benton End Remembered , p. 34.
105 Chatto, ‘Sir Cedric Morris, Artist-Gardener’, p. 18.
106 A. Syme, A Touch of Blossom: John Singer Sargent and the Queer Flora of Fin-de-Siècle Art (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2010 ), p. 12.
107 J. K. Huysmans, Against Nature (Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics, 1998 [ 1884 ]). J., F. B., ‘When a Man Entertains: What a Bachelor Should Do in the Position of Host’, Homes and Gardens (June 1926), p. 79.
108 Morris C., ‘Concerning
character’ of one and all.115
POTVIN 9781526134790 PRINT.indd 189
1 For more on the relationship between the bachelor and interior design, see
J. Potvin, Bachelors of a Different Sort: Queer Aesthetics, Material Culture and
the Modern Interior in Britain (Manchester and New York: Manchester University
2 T. Carlyle, Sartor Resartus (New York: Robert M. McBride & Company, 
1900), p. 279.
3 J.-K. Huysmans, Against Nature (Oxford: Oxford World’s Classics,  1998),
4 Ibid., pp. 27–8.