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The location of Koreans and Taiwanese in the imperial order
Barbara J. Brooks

purposes. In the case of the Japanese empire, an understanding of the status of its colonial citizens under extraterritoriality in China illuminates many facets of imperialism in East Asia. This chapter focuses primarily on Japan’s imperialist advantages that resulted from the anomalous position of its colonised subjects, who, by moving a short distance into treaty port China, also moved into the lower and contradictory ranks of the Great Power colonisers. The categorisation and instrumental use of different types of colonial

in New frontiers
The politics of conflict and the producer-oriented policy response
Shizuka Oshitani

5 Policy developments in Japan on global warming: the politics of conflict and the producer-oriented policy response Japan contributes only about 5 per cent of the world’s total carbon dioxide emissions, but this is the fourth highest in the world, following that of the USA (around 25 per cent), Russia (7 per cent) and China (14 per cent). Although Japanese effort to reduce its emissions can make only a marginal difference, it bears an important responsibility in taking part in the world’s effort to tackle global warming. Carbon dioxide accounts for about 90 per

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
H. D. P. Envall

How does Japan understand its place in the international order? And how do its policymakers then respond to challenges presented by that order to the country's national interests? Japan has an established discourse on international order ( kokusai chitsujo ), as well as a literature which focuses on questions of multipolarisation ( takyokuka ). This encompasses both scholarly research in International Relations (IR) and more policy-oriented analysis. 1 An important characteristic of the

in National perspectives on a multipolar order
Susan Strange

Chapter 3 Political underpinnings: the US–Japan axis The political foundations for international financial cooperation are weaker today than they were in the 1970s and 1980s. If we have worries about the stability of the international financial system, it is important to understand in what way these foundations are weaker and how this has come about. For, while the pace of technological innovation in finance (as in manufacturing) has accelerated, and while the size and salience of finance in the world economy have greatly increased, the political capability to

in Mad Money
Institutionalising ties amid strategic uncertainty
Robert Mason

Introduction Japan and the Republic of Korea (ROK) are both noted for their large imports of Middle East energy supplies. Alongside China, their economic relations with Saudi Arabia and the UAE grew rapidly in the 1980s. However, strategic realities in Asia continue to dominate intra-Asian relations, whether the demise of the USSR, security relations with the US, the rise of China, growing regionalism, energy considerations and new trade and investment opportunities due to the Arab Gulf Vision strategies. Always present is

in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
Yasuko Nagano-Madsen
Håkan Lundström

Waka and ryūka are short poems originating in Japan and the Ryukyu Islands, respectively. Waka has a very long history and flourished during the Heian period, which began around the year AD 800. The waka studied here belong to Ogura Hyakunin Isshu , a collection of 100 waka compiled around the first half of the thirteenth century, and the karuta game based on it. Waka – nowadays often referred to as tanka – is widely used in contemporary Japan, from the New Year recital at the

in In the borderland between song and speech
Ann Sherif

v 8 v Hiroshima/Nagasaki, civil rights and anti-war protest in Japan’s Cold War Ann Sherif Twenty years after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, the rest of the world had come to regard nuclear destruction as a function of the imagination, visually and rhetorically preparing for apocalypse, defining the looming threat as a permanent feature of modern life. In Hiroshima and Nagasaki, that global imagination co-existed uncomfortably with the living memories, the social challenges, and visible and hidden scars of the hibakusha (survivors of the atomic bombings

in Understanding the imaginary war
Ory Bartal

1 Postmodern critiques, Japan’s economic miracle, and the new aesthetic milieu The social revolution that erupted in 1968 led a number of avant-garde designers and architects working in the early 1970s to take decisions that radically reshaped the course of Japanese design history. Working in Tokyo, the graphic designers Ishioka Eiko and Tanaka Ikkō, the fashion designers Issey Miyake and Rei Kawakubo, the interior and product designers Kuramata Shirō and Uchida Shigeru, and the architects Andō Tadao and Isozaki Arata, among others, all contributed to the

in Critical design in Japan
Bjørn Elias Mikalsen Grønning

Introduction I n a March 2000 meeting between the foreign ministers of Japan and Vietnam, the Japanese side proposed the establishment of bilateral politico-military consultations ( Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 2000 ). The proposal marked the entry of security cooperation with Vietnam on Japan’s public and official security agenda. While irregular bilateral working-level security consultations ensued in the decade to come, 2011 marks a turning point, as Japan–Vietnam security relations refocused

in Japan's new security partnerships
Akiko Fukushima

Introduction J apan–Europe relations were centred initially on cultural exchanges after World War II and then on the economy, in particular trade. Security ties, on the other hand, have emerged more recently as an area for cooperation. Symbolically, this emerged as an area for cooperation in 1991, when the European Community (EC) and Japan announced the Hague Declaration. Both sides agreed to ‘strengthen their cooperation’ in broader areas beyond trade. Included in the areas of cooperation were peace

in Japan's new security partnerships