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Daniel Finn

the Lisbon Treaty at the hands of Irish citizens three years later. Storey, chair of the campaigning group Action from Ireland, presented a concise summary of the leftist critique, arguing that the main tendency has been for the Union to enshrine neo-liberal ideology in its basic structures, constraining the ability of national governments to pursue alternative policies.7 He listed three main areas in which this tendency could be observed: (1) Competition law: the European Commission has intervened to break up state monopolies and to prevent governments from

in Ireland under austerity
Bill Jones

are basically sceptical and – following success in those 1999 Euro-elections – he gambled heavily, and wrongly, on this in the 2001 general election. Lisbon Treaty Jack Straw, when Foreign Secretary, led attempts to reform EU institutions and make them more democratic. An EU constitution to make the EU more able to cope with its expanded membership was drafted by former French President Giscard d’Estaing but surprise defeats of the document in France and Holland in 2005 caused a hiatus. The resultant redraft of the constitution, now called a constitutional

in British politics today
From Eastern enlargement to the Lisbon Treaty and beyond
Ingi Iusmen

6 European Union human rights regime: from Eastern enlargement to the Lisbon Treaty and beyond The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 is awarded to [the] European Union as: ‘the Union and its forerunner have, for over six decades, contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe’. (Nobel Committee) Introduction This chapter examines the key features and scope of the emergent European Union (EU) human rights regime in the light of Eastern enlargement and the Lisbon Treaty provisions. The EU has been recently hailed as a

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
Shivdeep Grewal

Zeitgeist , which Habermas had thought of since the 1970s as characterised by ‘cultural pessimism’ (McCarthy, 1997 : vii). The goal was to take the project of modernity further forward. The ‘prolonged depression’ in Europe anticipated by Habermas ( 2005 : 4) in the event of a French ‘No’ vote would form part of a deeper civilisation malaise, not just be a recurrence of Europessimism. Even after the rejection of the Lisbon Treaty by Irish voters in 2008, Habermas ( 2008a ) continued to campaign for the legitimation of Europe

in Habermas and European integration
Ireland as a case study
Author: Gavin Barrett

The role of national parliaments in the European Union (EU) has developed considerably over time. This book focuses on one parliament as a case study in this regard: the national parliament of Ireland, the Oireachtas. The basic structure of that parliament is modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Like the United Kingdom, Ireland joined the then European Communities on 1 January 1973. Within a relatively short period from the date of Ireland's joining the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, it became clear that major structural change to the Communities would be needed if the EEC were ever to fulfil its potential. The book examines the initial adaptations of its parliament to European integration and how Ireland's domestic parliamentary accommodation of membership slowly changed over time. It focuses on the considerable impact on domestic parliamentary arrangements of the recent banking and foreign debt crises and of the Treaty of Lisbon. An assessment of the role of the Oireachtas in European law and policy during the lifetimes of the 30th Dail (2007-11) and the 31st Dail (2011-16) follows. The book discusses the formation of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on European Union Affairs, which held its first meeting in private on 19 July 2016, and its first public meeting on 7 September. However, Ireland's position as a "slow adaptor" to European integration has meant that the Oireachtas has had more ground to make up than many other legislatures.

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A comparative study of the theory and practice of government by the people
Author: Matt Qvortrup

Drawing on the insights of political theory as well as empirical and comparative government, the book provides an up-to-date overview of the theories and practice of referendums and initiatives around the world. The book discusses if we ought to hold more referendums, and how the processes of direct democracy have been used – and occasionally abused -around the world.

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Christian Kaunert

‘Thank you, Ireland! It’s a great day for Ireland; it’s a great day for Europe’ ( EUobserver, 3 October 2009). The words of European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso expressed the feelings of many decision-makers in Brussels. Ireland’s strong ‘Yes’ to the Lisbon treaty on 2 October 2009 was greeted with widespread relief in Brussels. ‘The Irish people have spoken

in European internal security
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Ingi Iusmen

international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) (Pop, 2009; Human Rights Watch, 2012a; Amnesty International, 2013), and human rights bodies, such as the Council of Europe (Council of Europe, 2008). Furthermore, the profile and political salience of human rights protection at the EU level has been recently augmented due to the constitutional and legal changes introduced by the Lisbon Treaty (2007) and the binding nature of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (2000). Additionally, the EU’s recent policy initiatives aimed at establishing an area of freedom, security and

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime
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Towards supranational governance in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice?
Christian Kaunert

institutional arrangements in these areas, are the expression of a political process attempting to construct such an ‘area’ for different political communities by ensuring their security from external security threats. This threat perception has arguably influenced the negotiations of the Lisbon Treaty, which contains a solidarity clause. This book has further argued that EU institutional

in European internal security
Ana E. Juncos

Despite successive treaty reforms, the CFSP remains obstinately intergovernmental, at least on paper. The member states retain a veto power in the decision-making process given that unanimity is the rule within the CFSP, and QMV the exception, even after the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty. However, over the years, it is possible to see a move beyond intergovernmentalism. In this chapter

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia