Search results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 9,367 items for :

  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Authors: Eric James and Tim Jacoby

Over recent years, the relationship between humanitarians and the military has become especially controversial. Concerns over inefficient and duplicated assistance programs and the compromised security of relief workers have been regularly highlighted. Many point to ongoing tensions and polarized positions that seem to leave NGOs a stark choice between “neutrality” and co-option. Using Afghanistan as a case study, this book analyses this apparent duality. It puts forward five basic arguments. First, the history of the relationship extends prior to the birth of modern humanitarianism. Second, inter-organizational friction is common between groups and it does not always have a detrimental impact. Third, working with the military does not necessarily create more dangerous situations for NGOs. Fourth, humanitarian principles are not a fixed set of propositions, but evolve according to temporal and situational context. Finally, humanitarians are generally not co-opted, but rather willingly take part in political-military endeavors. In all, it is suggested that NGOs tend to change their policies and actions depending on the context. The book thus transcends the simple “for” or “against” arguments, leading to a more refined understanding of the relationship between NGOs and the military.

Author: William Butler

This work examines the ‘amateur military tradition’ in Ireland, essentially the framework in which part-time soldiers of the British Army existed, alongside their regular army counterparts, and how they interacted with wider society. In Ireland, this included the militia, yeomanry, Territorial Force (later Army), Officers’ Training Corps, Volunteer Training Corps, the Ulster Home Guard (UHG), and the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR). It covers the period from the re-establishment of the Irish militia during the Crimean War until the disbandment of the UDR after the British Army’s ‘Options for Change’ paper in 1992. Due to Ireland’s peculiar position within the British military framework, a distinct Irish amateur military tradition developed which, in many respects, was different to the English, Welsh, or Scottish traditions. Additionally, two further traditions have been identified, distinctive to the Irish socio-political environment. Firstly, the re-emergence of the Protestant volunteering tradition, witnessed in Ulster as early as the seventeenth century, also found in paramilitary groups such as the Ulster Volunteer Force, and, secondly, a Catholic amateur military tradition, largely present in the Irish militia until the Edwardian period. Crucially, the work recognises a significant contribution of Irish men and women to activities within the British Empire during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The militarization of postwar France
Chris Pearson

7 ‘A (very) large military camp’: The militarization of postwar France Nestling amongst dusty letters and reports in a box in the French army archives lies a crudely drawn map that imagines how France will look in 1980.1 Paris, where all the French people live, is surrounded by barbed wire. The rest of France is a ‘[very] large military camp’, symbolized by a tank/skull-and-crossbones hybrid. The map is undated and its author unknown. Nonetheless, it expresses vividly the fear that postwar national defence imperatives would almost-totally militarize French

in Mobilizing nature
Policing the Upper Nile Province of the Sudan
Douglas H. Johnson

The history of policing in the Sudan is the history of an incomplete transformation from an auxiliary military body to a civil force. It is a complex mixture of paramilitary, civil and tribal organisations; of civil and tribal courts administering different law; and of urban, rural and frontier duties, ranging from criminal investigation to the armed pursuit of nomad tax defaulters and

in Policing the empire
A child of the Kosovo crisis?
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

One of the most frequently cited ‘lessons’ of the Kosovo crisis has been the alleged extent to which it spurred West European leaders to address a perceived need for Europe to do more for its own military security. Member states of the European Union decided to establish a ‘European Security and Defence Policy’ (ESDP) in the months following Operation Allied Force . Daalder and O’Hanlon have written

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Timothy Bowman

3 Command, control and military efficiency This chapter considers a number of diverse but related topics. The command of the UVF, while theoretically a standard military hierarchy, was in reality anything but. Command of UVF units was actually in the hands of local divisional, regimental, battalion and company officers, some of whom had little respect for and, indeed, openly disobeyed instructions from UVF HQ housed in the Old Town Hall in Belfast. The UVF was often called Carson’s army by contemporaries and this practice has been followed in the title of this

in Carson’s army
Laura Panizo

This article will investigate the process of confronting death in cases of the disappeared of the last military dictatorship in Argentina. Based on the exhumation and identification of the body of a disappeared person, the article will reflect on how the persons social situation can be reconfigured, causing structural changes within the family and other groups. This will be followed by a discussion of the reflections generated by the anthropologist during his or her interview process, as well as an investigation into the authors own experiences in the field. This intimate relationship between the anthropologist and death, through the inevitable contact that takes place among the bodies, causes resonances in the context both of exhumations and of identifications in the anthropologists wider fieldwork.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Knowledge mobility and eighteenth-century military colonialism
Huw J. Davies

exchanged between one theatre and the next. In this context, eighteenth-century British military personnel were among the most travelled of the British Empire. As a result, these individuals collectively generated and mobilised knowledge on a vast scale. In 2004, Natasha Glaisyer argued that if empire could be ‘thought of as a set of networks of exchange then … the scientific, cultural, social, political, and intellectual histories of empire’ were inextricably linked. 1 It is curious that the military dimension is rarely, if ever, considered. This chapter aims to begin

in Empire and mobility in the long nineteenth century
From Ecouvillon to Lamantin (1958–1978)
Camille Evrard

6 Transfer of military power in Mauritania: from Ecouvillon to Lamantin (1958–1978)1 Camille Evrard Introduction ‘Ecouvillon’, ‘Ouragan’, ‘Cornue’, ‘Lamantin’ … all of these are names that recall the same reality: French military operations on Mauritanian soil between 1958 and 1978. These operations were all secret in nature, although for different reasons: low stakes for the metropole, an uncertain legal framework, unmentionable allies or, quite simply, classification as military secrets. Nonetheless, they weave into and are part of the story of the transfer

in Francophone Africa at fifty
The Schutztruppen and their leaders in East and South-West Africa, 1888–1918
Kirsten Zirkel

The role of the military in German colonialism has, so far, received little attention; and even those works which do actually touch on the subject generally highlight only particular aspects. 1 Thus there is no broad and general analysis of the activities of the German military, nor of their far-reaching influence on the course of colonial development in the German

in Guardians of empire